Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the Libraries of the House of Commons and House of Lords and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can find research briefings by sorting by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 5570

Legal help: where to go and how to pay
Published 27 May 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN03207
This note provides information about where to seek legal help and advice
Communications Data: The 2012 draft Bill and recent developments
Published 27 May 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN06373
The draft Communications Data Bill was announced in the Queen’s Speech in 2012 and published on 14 June 2012. The Bill was subject to pre-legislative scrutiny and some aspects of the Government’s proposals were criticised. The Bill, frequently referred to by critics as a “snooper’s charter”, was not taken forward in the 2012-13 session. New Government proposals on cybercrime were foreshadowed in the 2013 Queen’s Speech, but these appeared more limited than the plans set out in the draft Bill.
Planning for onshore wind
Published 27 May 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN04370
In England the planning process for onshore wind developments varies according to size. This note sets out planning policy for onshore wind development, controls in place, rules on separation distances, possible community benefits and new Government proposals for change.
Planning Reform Proposals
Published 27 May 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN06418
Reforms aimed at making the planning system quicker and simpler to use were high on the agenda of the former Government. A number of these proposals are still outstanding. The Conservative Party's manifesto and new legislation announced in the May 2015 Queen's Speech pledge further reforms. This note sets out the outstanding reforms and new reforms expected to be made by the new Government.
Planning: change of use system
Published 27 May 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN01301
The planning use class system along with permitted development rights allow the change of use of buildings without the need for planning permission. The former Government introduced a range of new change of use permitted development rights at the end of the last Parliament. Campaigners have called for reforms to the use class system amid concerns about proliferation of charity shops, hot food takeaways and loss of local pubs. This note explains these issues further.

Topic: Planning

The Salisbury-Addison Convention
Published 27 May 2015 | Lords In Focus LIN-2015-0002
This In Focus note briefly outlines the Salisbury-Addison Convention, and its interpretation and development.
Committee on Standards in Public Life
Published 27 May 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN04888
This note sets out the background to the creation of the Committee on Standards in Public Life in 1994 and provides details of its recent work. The note looks at its constitutional position and relationship to Parliament. .

Topic: Parliament

NHS Charges for Overseas Visitors
Published 27 May 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN03051
NHS Charges for Overseas Visitors. By Thomas Powell. CBP-3051.
Tourism: statistics and policy
Published 27 May 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN06022
Visitors to and from the UK, domestic tourism, the impact of the 2012 Olympic Games, the contribution of tourism to the UK economy and the Government’s tourism policy.

Topics: Industry, Tourism

Ofsted inspections of maintained and academy schools: FAQs
Published 27 May 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN07091
This note gives answers to some common questions on Ofsted inspections of state-funded schools. It looks at the practicalities of inspection and the implications of Ofsted 'gradings'. It also provides information on current topical issues and reforms in this area.

Topic: Schools

Pensions 2015
Published 27 May 2015 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7202
An overview of pension reform issues at the start of the 2015 Parliament

Topic: Pensions

Employment by Country of Birth and Nationality
Published 27 May 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN07056
This note analyses data on employment in the UK by country of birth and nationality.

Topic: Employment

Asylum support: accommodation and financial support for asylum seekers
Published 27 May 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN01909
Asylum support is paid at different rates, depending on the claimants’ ages and household compositions. For most categories of claimant, asylum support rates for 2015/16 will remain unchanged from 2014/15 levels (in fact, they have not changed since April 2011).

Topic: Asylum

Manufacturing: statistics and policy
Published 27 May 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN01942
Manufacturing in the UK - key data and a summary of government policy
The financial (minimum income) requirement for partner visas
Published 26 May 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN06724
Controversial maintenance funds requirements were introduced for spouse/partner visas (affecting non-EEA national partners of British citizens, refugees and people settled in the UK) in July 2012. The High Court has recently upheld their lawfulness although various migrants' rights organisations continue to campaign against the Rules.

Topic: Immigration

Higher education finance statistics
Published 26 May 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN05440
How has the balance and make-up of university income and expenditure changed over time, particularly since 2012?
UK Cases at the European Court of Human Rights since 1975
Published 26 May 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN05611
This note gives brief details of UK cases at the European Court of Human Rights since 1975. Cases concluded by friendly settlement are included in this note, but Article 41 (previously Article 50) cases, which are concerned with determining “just satisfaction”, are not included.

Topics: Human rights, Europe

UK and European sea bass conservation measures
Published 26 May 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN00745
Seabass - an important fish species for commercial fishermen and recreational anglers. This note addresses issues around seabass Minnimum Landing Size, stock management and current Government policy.
The weather: Social Indicators page
Published 26 May 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN04319
2014 was the warmest year on record for the UK -what exactly was the weather like over the past 12 months?
Education expenditure: Social Indicators page
Published 26 May 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN02631
Trends in spending since the late 1970s and international comparisons. Updated to include spending figures published in Public Expenditure Statistical Analysis 2014 and Education at a Glance 2014

Displaying 1-20 out of 5570

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The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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