Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the Libraries of the House of Commons and House of Lords and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can find research briefings by sorting by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 5637

Greek debt crisis: background and developments in 2015
Published 29 June 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN07114
This briefing provides background to and analysis of developments in the Greek debt crisis, including an overview of the origins of the crisis, a review of latest developments and looks at the what would happen if Greece defaults on its debt.
European banking union
Published 29 June 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN06462
This note brings together the main documents and developments regarding the EU's pan-Community supervisory and recovery mechanism for members’ banking sectors - the Banking Union. Significant new measures were approved of in December 2013 it faces a severe test in respect to Greece in 2015..
The Benefit Cap
Published 29 June 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN06294
This briefing explains how the household benefit cap operates and considers evidence of its impact to date. It goes on to consider the Government's proposal to reduce the cap from £26,000 to £23,000 per year and the potential impact of this on claimants.
Welfare reform and people with disabilities
Published 29 June 2015 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2015-0023
This page provides background information for the Westminster Hall debate, Welfare reform and people with disabilities, on Tuesday 30 June 2015.
Pensions: annuities
Published 29 June 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN06552
Looks at how legislation on annuities is changing

Topic: Pensions

The gender pay gap
Published 29 June 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN07068
The Note reviews the differences between earnings for men and women - often referred to as the gender pay gap – using earnings data for April 2014 published by the Office of National Statistics (ONS) in its Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE).

Topic: Employment

Income tax: the additional 50p rate
Published 29 June 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN00249
In the 2009 Budget the Labour Government announced the introduction of a new 'additional' 50p rate on incomes above £150,000 from April 2010. This paper discusses the background to the 50p rate, the debate over its political significance and its economic impact, before looking at the Coalition Government’s decision to cut the additional rate to 45p, and recent speculation as to its future.
Debate Pack: Shale gas
Published 29 June 2015 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2015-0025
This debate pack has been complied ahead of the debate on Shale gas on Tuesday 30 June 2015 at 09:30am. The Member in charge of the debate is Kevin Hollinrake MP. Debate packs are produced quickly after the announcement of parliamentary business. They are intended to provide a summary or overview of the issue being debated and identify relevant briefings and useful documents, including press and parliamentary material. More detailed briefing can be prepared for Members on request to the Library.
UK and European sea bass conservation measures
Published 29 June 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN00745
Seabass - an important fish species for commercial fishermen and recreational anglers. This note addresses issues around seabass Minnimum Landing Size, stock management and current Government policy.
Obesity statistics
Published 29 June 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN03336
25% of adults in England are obese. A further 37% are overweight. This briefing provides statistics on the obesity among adults and children in the UK, along with data on prescriptions, surgery, and international comparisons.
Human Rights and Civil Liberties in the United Kingdom
Published 26 June 2015 | Lords Library notes LLN-2015-0016
This Library Note draws on recent political developments to provide a concise background to ongoing discussions about human rights and civil liberties in the UK. It has been written to support the debate in the House of Lords on this subject on 2 July 2015.
Constituency casework: schools
Published 26 June 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN05396
An introduction and reference guide to the key schools-related topics often raised with Members by constituents
Inheritance Tax
Published 26 June 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN00093
This paper gives a brief summary of the structure of inheritance tax before looking at the debates there have been about the tax in recent years.

Topics: Taxation, Death

‘Access to Work’ scheme for people with disabilities
Published 26 June 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN06666
Access to Work provides practical advice and support to disabled people and their employers to help them overcome work-related obstacles resulting from disability.
England, Scotland, Wales: MPs & voting in the House of Commons
Published 26 June 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN07048
This note analyses the geographic composition of governments and voting patterns of MPs representing England, Scotland and Wales in the House of Commons. It does so in light of the Smith Commission Heads of Agreement on further devolution of powers to the Scottish Parliament, along with subsequent debate about both Scottish representation at Westminster and ‘English votes for English laws’.
Work Programme: background and statistics
Published 26 June 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN06340
The Work Programme is the Government's main welfare-to-work scheme, designed to tackle long-term unemployment in Great Britain.
Current Members Related to Other Current or Former Members
Published 26 June 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN04809
MPs who have family members that are are also current or former Members of the House of Commons.
Financial Indicators: Key Economic Indicators
Published 26 June 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN05207
Financial Indicators: Data from FTSE100, as well as oil prices and gold prices.
Poverty in the UK: statistics
Published 25 June 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN07096
This note sets out information on the levels and rates of poverty in the UK, including historical trends and forecasts for future years.
Shale gas and fracking
Published 25 June 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN06073
The regulatory regime for fracking in the UK is covered in this note along with comment on environmental concerns. It also covers the new access provisions and debate on fracking in during the Infrastructure Bill’s passage through Parliament.

Displaying 1-20 out of 5637

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The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

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The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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