Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the Libraries of the House of Commons and House of Lords and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can find research briefings by sorting by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 5573

Sugar and Health
Published 28 May 2015 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0493
Sugars can be added to food and drinks or occur naturally in fruit, vegetables and milk. A high sugar diet increases the risk of tooth decay and weight gain, and high consumption of sugar-sweetened drinks is associated with type 2 diabetes. This paper describes trends in sugar consumption in the UK, the public health implications and outlines policy options.
Regional and National Economic Indicators
Published 28 May 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN06924
Data summarising the economic situation in the regions and countries of the UK
EEA migrants: access to social housing (England)
Published 28 May 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN04737
This note gives an overview of EEA migrants' eligibility to apply for social housing in England and considers the question of whether these people have preferential access to social housing and can 'jump the housing queue.'
Government bank rescues: financial consequences
Published 28 May 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN05748
This standard note gives some basic numbers concerning the government's net expenditure on banks rescued during the financial crisis of 2008-9 and the debts owed to it by other organisations.
Talking Therapies for Mental Health Problems: Statistics
Published 28 May 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN06988
How many people are referred for cognitive behavioural therapy and other talking therapies for mental health problems? How long are waiting times for treatment after referral? This note gives data for the NHS Improving Access to Psychological Therapies programme for local CCGs.
Local Elections 2015
Published 28 May 2015 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7204
This briefing paper analyses and summarises the results of the local and mayoral elections held on 7 May 2015. It provides information on results by council, region and party, as well as the full result for each council which held an election.
Industries in the UK
Published 28 May 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN06623
This note presents data on the value and relative contribution of major industries to the UK economy
Freedom of Information requests
Published 28 May 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN02950
This note gives a brief summary of the rights in relation to Freedom of Information and includes information about how to make a request, the role of the Information Commissioner and how the Act applies to Parliament.
Business statistics
Published 28 May 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN06152
Businesses since 2000, small businesses, business by region, businesses by industry, business births and deaths and information on female representation in business. It also features some discussion of the sources of business statistics and their coverage.
Legal help: where to go and how to pay
Published 27 May 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN03207
This note provides information about where to seek legal help and advice
Communications Data: The 2012 draft Bill and recent developments
Published 27 May 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN06373
A draft Communications Data Bill was introduced and scrutinised by Parliament in 2012-13. The draft Bill, referred to by critics as a “snooper’s charter”, was not taken forward, following opposition from the Liberal Democrats. The Queen's Speech in 2015 promised an Investigatory Powers Bill, which is expected to replicate features of the earlier draft Bill.
Planning for onshore wind
Published 27 May 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN04370
In England the planning process for onshore wind developments varies according to size. This note sets out planning policy for onshore wind development, controls in place, rules on separation distances, possible community benefits and new Government proposals for change.
Planning Reform Proposals
Published 27 May 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN06418
Reforms aimed at making the planning system quicker and simpler to use were high on the agenda of the former Government. A number of these proposals are still outstanding. The Conservative Party's manifesto and new legislation announced in the May 2015 Queen's Speech pledge further reforms. This note sets out the outstanding reforms and new reforms expected to be made by the new Government.
Planning: change of use system
Published 27 May 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN01301
The planning use class system along with permitted development rights allow the change of use of buildings without the need for planning permission. The former Government introduced a range of new change of use permitted development rights at the end of the last Parliament. Campaigners have called for reforms to the use class system amid concerns about proliferation of charity shops, hot food takeaways and loss of local pubs. This note explains these issues further.

Topic: Planning

The Salisbury-Addison Convention
Published 27 May 2015 | Lords In Focus LIN-2015-0002
This In Focus note briefly outlines the Salisbury-Addison Convention, and its interpretation and development.
Committee on Standards in Public Life
Published 27 May 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN04888
This note sets out the background to the creation of the Committee on Standards in Public Life in 1994 and provides details of its recent work. The note looks at its constitutional position and relationship to Parliament. .

Topic: Parliament

NHS Charges for Overseas Visitors
Published 27 May 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN03051
NHS Charges for Overseas Visitors. By Thomas Powell. CBP-3051.
Tourism: statistics and policy
Published 27 May 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN06022
Visitors to and from the UK, domestic tourism, the impact of the 2012 Olympic Games, the contribution of tourism to the UK economy and the Government’s tourism policy.

Topics: Industry, Tourism

Ofsted inspections of maintained and academy schools: FAQs
Published 27 May 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN07091
This note gives answers to some common questions on Ofsted inspections of state-funded schools. It looks at the practicalities of inspection and the implications of Ofsted 'gradings'. It also provides information on current topical issues and reforms in this area.

Topic: Schools

Pensions 2015
Published 27 May 2015 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7202
An overview of pension reform issues at the start of the 2015 Parliament

Topic: Pensions

Displaying 1-20 out of 5573

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The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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