Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 6354

Tourism: statistics and policy
Published Wednesday, June 29, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN06022
Visitors to and from the UK, domestic tourism, tourism policy in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

Topics: Industry, Tourism

European Union Referendum 2016
Published Wednesday, June 29, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7639
This House of Commons Library Briefing Paper analyses the results of the referendum on EU membership held on 23 June 2016.
Brexit: what happens next?
Published Wednesday, June 29, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7632
Now that the UK has voted to leave the EU, what will happen next? This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the immediate consequences of the vote and some of the longer term implications. This paper considers various questions about UK withdrawal from the EU and what is likely to happen in the coming weeks and months. The issues include the method of leaving the EU, continuing parliamentary scrutiny of EU business and the withdrawal negotiations, and the implications of Brexit for Scotland and Gibraltar.
EU Referendum: the process of leaving the EU
Published Wednesday, June 29, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7551
This Commons Library briefing paper looks at some of the issues that are likely to arise for the UK during a withdrawal process and afterwards. A UK vote to leave the EU on 23 June 2016 would trigger an untested procedure for withdrawal. There could be a complex and difficult negotiation lasting two years or more, or the UK could leave without settling its exit terms or its future relationship with the EU.
Nuclear Weapons - Country Comparisons
Published Wednesday, June 29, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7566
There are nine countries in the world that have nuclear weapons. Between them they possess an estimated 15,900 nuclear warheads. This paper is intended as a brief guide to which countries possess nuclear weapons and how they are seeking to either modernise or expand those capabilities. It is also part of a wider Library briefing series on nuclear weapons.
Housing Market: Key Economic Indicators
Published Wednesday, June 29, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN02820
Housing market: Data on house prices, mortgage approvals and house-building.
Grammar school statistics
Published Wednesday, June 29, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN01398
The number of state grammar schools peaked at almost 1,300 in the mid-1960s when around one-quarter of all pupils in state secondaries attended grammars. Their number started falling soon after with the fastest period of decline was in the 1970s. The proportion of pupils in grammars fell to below 20% in the early 1970s, below 10% in the mid-1970s and has been 5% or less from the late 1970s onwards. There are currently 163 grammar schools in England with a total of 164,000 pupils.

Topic: Schools

Defence nuclear convoys
Published Wednesday, June 29, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7542
Nuclear convoys transport defence nuclear material, including nuclear warheads and nuclear fuel, around the United Kingdom. This briefing explains what the convoys are and why some MPs are calling for them to be stopped. It is part of a wider Library briefing series on nuclear weapons.
The French Nuclear Deterrent
Published Wednesday, June 29, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN04079
The French nuclear deterrent is the one that is most often compared to the UK’s nuclear forces. While there are similarities in terms of policy, posture and size, there are also significant differences in terms of industrial support and cost. All of the major political parties in France also support an independent nuclear deterrent, in contrast to the UK; while domestic support is also high. This paper examines the French nuclear deterrent in greater detail. It is also part of a wider Library briefing series on nuclear weapons.
NHS England's Action Plan on Hearing Loss and the adult hearing service commissioning framework
Published Wednesday, June 29, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0126
On Thursday 30 June MPs will take part in a Westminster Hall debate on NHS England's Action Plan on Hearing Loss and the adult hearing service commissioning framework. This debate will be opened by Jim Fitzpatrick MP. This House of Commons Library debate pack includes recent press articles, Parliamentary material and links to further reading on audiology services.
Replacing the UK's Nuclear Deterrent
Published Wednesday, June 29, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7353
After nearly a decade of work on a programme to replace the UK's nuclear deterrent from the early 2030s, a decision on taking that programme forward will be made shortly. The Government will seek the approval of Parliament for this decision. But what are the arguments for and against doing so? How much will it cost? And are there any other alternatives? This paper updates and replaces all previous House of Commons Library briefing papers on this subject dating back to 2006. More notably it replaces previous versions of this paper published in October 2015, January 2016 and March 2016. It is also part of a wider Library briefing series on nuclear weapons.
Leadership Elections: Conservative Party
Published Wednesday, June 29, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN01366
This House of Commons Library briefing paper sets out the current rules for election of a Conservative Party leader, and the background to their introduction.
Nuclear Weapons: Disarmament and Non-Proliferation Regimes
Published Wednesday, June 29, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7634
In an attempt to reduce the dangers posed by existing nuclear arsenals and prevent the further proliferation of nuclear weapons technology, a complex international nuclear arms control architecture has evolved. This paper is intended as an introduction of each of these arms control regimes. It is also part of a Library briefing series on nuclear weapons.
Leadership Elections: Labour Party
Published Wednesday, June 29, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN03938
This Commons Library Briefing Paper sets out the current rules for the election of the Leader and Deputy Leader of the Labour Party.
UK economy: information for debate on 29 June 2016
Published Wednesday, June 29, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7638
This page provides a brief summary of the UK economy for the opposition debate on 29 June 2016, with links to further information.
Financial Indicators: Key Economic Indicators
Published Wednesday, June 29, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN05207
Financial Indicators: Data from FTSE100, as well as oil prices and gold prices.
Occupational pension increases
Published Tuesday, June 28, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN05656
Looks at the requirements on private sector Defined Benefit occupational pension schemes to index and revalue pension benefits and the current consultation on the British Steel Pension Scheme

Topic: Pensions

Iraq Inquiry (Chilcot): Timeline of Principal Developments
Published Tuesday, June 28, 2016 | Lords In Focus LIF-2016-0034
This Lords Library briefing provides a brief timeline of principal developments during the process of the Iraq Inquiry (Chilcot). It particularly focusses on delays of the report’s publication.
Dog fighting
Published Tuesday, June 28, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0128
This pack has been prepared ahead of the debate on dog fighting to be held in Westminster Hall on Wednesday 29 June 2016 at 9.30am. Dr Lisa Cameron initiated the debate.
Mineworkers' pensions
Published Tuesday, June 28, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN01189
Covers the arrangements made for mineworkers' pensions following privatisation of British Coal in 1994.

Topics: Coal, Pensions

Displaying 1-20 out of 6354

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

POST

The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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