Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 6493

Pension flexibilities: the 'freedom and choice' reforms
Published Thursday, September 29, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN06891
Looks at the rules which came into force in April 2015 giving people more flexibility about when and how to access their defined contribution pension savings

Topic: Pensions

Rewilding and Ecosystem Services
Published Thursday, September 29, 2016 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0537
This POSTnote explores the consequences of increasing the role of natural processes within landscapes. Evidence from the UK and abroad suggests that rewilding can benefit both wildlife and local people, but animal reintroductions could adversely affect some land-users.
Diversity in the UK's democratic institutions
Published Wednesday, September 28, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7720
This Commons Library Briefing Paper examines diversity in the UK's democratic institutions: the legislature, the executive and the judiciary. It shows there are differences between these institutions and also within each institution.
Commons Library analysis of the Neighbourhood Planning Bill
Published Wednesday, September 28, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7641
The Neighbourhood Planning Bill 2016-17 (Bill 61) makes reform to the neighbourhood planning system, the use of pre-commencement planning conditions and the compulsory purchase process. The aim is to speed up the delivery of new homes. The Bill’s Second Reading in the House of Commons is scheduled for 10 October 2016. This paper sets out the background and comment on the Bill.

Topic: Planning

2018 Boundary Review: initial proposals for Wales
Published Wednesday, September 28, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7719
This Commons Library Briefing Paper examines the initial proposals for new Westminster constituency boundaries in Wales, published as part of the 2018 Review. It looks at how these proposals affect existing constituencies, and the electorate and area of the proposed constituencies.
School admission in England. State-funded mainstream schools
Published Wednesday, September 28, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN07147
This note provides an overview of how places are allocated at state-funded mainstream schools in England, and how parents apply for places for their children.

Topic: Schools

Paying for supported housing
Published Wednesday, September 28, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN06080
This House of Commons Library briefing paper explains the impact of the Government's policy of requiring rent reductions, and also the application of Local Housing Allowance caps, on the supported housing sector. The sector has argued that the measures threaten its viability. On 15 September 2016 the Government announced that LHA caps will apply in 2019/20.
Georgia 2016
Published Wednesday, September 28, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN06938
Georgia has signed its Association Agreement with the EU and Georgian leaders have described this as a historic chance to return to Georgia’s natural European environment
Careers guidance in schools, colleges and universities (England)
Published Tuesday, September 27, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7236
This House of Commons Library briefing paper looks at the requirements on schools, colleges and universities in England to provide careers guidance, the quality of the advice provided, and also the organisations working to provide careers advice.
The Paris Climate Change Conference
Published Tuesday, September 27, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7393
The Paris Climate Conference in December 2015 reached agreement, to be implemented in 2020, to keep global increases in temperature well below 2 °C. The UK has signed the Agreement, and momentum is increasing for ratification in 2016.
Ratifying the Paris Climate Agreement
Published Tuesday, September 27, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7718
A summary of progress towards ratifying the Paris Agreement on climate change.
Council tax: local referendums
Published Tuesday, September 27, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN05682
This briefing note explains the system of referendums on council tax increases in local authorities. It sets out the legislative framework and the thresholds that have been set in previous years.
Shale gas and fracking
Published Tuesday, September 27, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN06073
The regulatory regime for fracking in the UK is covered in this note along with comment on environmental concerns. It also covers the new access provisions and debate on fracking in during the Infrastructure Bill’s passage through Parliament.
Junior doctor contracts in England
Published Monday, September 26, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7314
This Commons Library briefing provides background information on the introduction of a new contract for doctors in training (junior doctors) in England, including a summary of the proposed changes, and background on negotiations between NHS Employers and the BMA.
School inspections in England: Ofsted
Published Monday, September 26, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN07091
This note gives answers to some common questions on Ofsted inspections of state-funded schools in England. It looks at the practicalities of inspection and the implications of Ofsted 'gradings'. It also provides information on current topical issues in inspection.

Topic: Schools

Leadership Elections: Labour Party
Published Monday, September 26, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN03938
This Commons Library Briefing Paper sets out the current rules for the election of the Leader and Deputy Leader of the Labour Party.
Ministers in the 2015 Conservative Governments
Published Monday, September 26, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7335
Ministerial office holders in the 2015 Conservative Governments
Chairs of House of Commons Select Committee since 2010
Published Monday, September 26, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN04400
Chairs of House of Commons Select Committees since the 2010 General Election
Gross Domestic Product (GDP): Key Economic Indicators
Published Monday, September 26, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN02783
UK Gross Domestic Product: Regularly updated data on growth and forecasts.
Financial Indicators: Key Economic Indicators
Published Monday, September 26, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN05207
Financial Indicators: Data from FTSE100, as well as oil prices and gold prices.

Displaying 1-20 out of 6493

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

POST

The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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