Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 6288

Financial Technology (FinTech)
Published Tuesday, May 24, 2016 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0525
Financial Technology (FinTech) describes the application of digital technology to financial services. This POSTnote reviews how and why FinTech is being used, and the benefits and challenges it presents to the UK.
Prison reform legislation 2016-17
Published Monday, May 23, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7601
This note sets out what the Government has said so far about its proposals to introduce a Prison and Courts Reform Bill in this session of Parliament.

Topic: Prisons

Number of Commons sitting days by session since 1945
Published Monday, May 23, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN04653
Commons sitting days by session since 1945
Retail sales: Key Economic Indicators
Published Monday, May 23, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN02818
Retail sales: key indicators on the value of retail sales.
Royal Charters and Parliamentary Scrutiny
Published Monday, May 23, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0027
This Library briefing provides information on royal charters, outlining the Sovereign’s prerogative power to grant them, and briefly describing their function. It also provides an overview of two examples of royal charters—the self-regulation of the press and the BBC—and discusses Parliament’s role in their scrutiny.
Number of UK by-elections since 1945
Published Monday, May 23, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN02383
UK parliamentary by-elections by session and by Parliament since 1945
Regional and National Economic Indicators
Published Monday, May 23, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN06924
Data summarising the economic situation in the regions and countries of the UK
Social housing: 'pay to stay' at market rents
Published Monday, May 23, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN06804
This House of Commons Library briefing paper provides information on the ‘pay to stay’ scheme in England under which social landlords can charge tenants with an income of over £60,000 market or near market rents. The Government has included measures in the Housing and Planning Act 2016, to make higher rents compulsory in due course for council tenants earning over £40,000 in London and £31,000 elsewhere. Housing associations will have discretion over whether or not to implement higher rents for tenants with these income levels.
Review of unduly lenient sentences
Published Monday, May 23, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN00512
The Attorney General has the power to refer sentences for certain offences which he believes to be unduly lenient to the Court of Appeal. The Attorney General’s power to refer only applies to serious offences, being those that can only be dealt with by the Crown Court and some other offences specified in an order.

Topic: Criminal law

Self-employment in the construction industry
Published Monday, May 23, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN00196
This note gives some background to the question of employment status and the difficulties it has caused in the construction sector, before discussing initiatives by both the Labour Government in 2009 and the Coalition Government in 2014, and more recent debates as to the possibility of a longer-term solution to this issue.
Registration and management of sex offenders
Published Monday, May 23, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN05267
This note provides an overview of the various measures in Part 2 of the Sexual Offences Act 2003 aimed at enabling the police to monitor and manage sex offenders living in the local area. It considers the requirement for certain sex offenders to notify the police of personal information such as their name and address, and to update the police whenever this information changes. The police record of these notifications is commonly referred to as the "sex offenders' register". It also considers a range of civil orders that can be used to manage the behaviour of sex offenders.
Average Earnings: Key Economic Indicators
Published Monday, May 23, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN02795
Average Earnings: Regularly updated data on average weekly earnings, including breakdowns by public and private sectors.
Scottish Parliament Elections: 2016
Published Friday, May 20, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7599
Elections to the Scottish Parliament took place on 5 May 2016. The Scottish National Party won the largest number of seats (63), but lost the majority they held in the preceding Parliament. The Conservative Party came second with 31 seats, their best performance at any Scottish Parliament elections. Turnout was 55.7%, an increase of 5.3% points from 2011.
VAT : European law on VAT rates
Published Friday, May 20, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN02683
All Member States have limited discretion in setting VAT rates under EU VAT law. This note discusses the development of European law in this area, and the implications this has for the UK setting its own VAT rates.

Topic: Taxation

The Housing Health and Safety Rating System (HHSRS)
Published Friday, May 20, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN01917
This Commons Library briefing paper gives an overview of the Housing Health and Safety Rating System (HHSRS). The HHSRS is a risk based assessment tool which is used by environmental health officers to assess the risk (the likelihood and severity) of a hazard in residential housing to the health and safety of occupants or visitors. The paper looks at some of the reviews and reports into the operation of the HHSRS. It also looks briefly at wider housing conditions and standards.
Inflation: Key Economic Indicators
Published Friday, May 20, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN02792
Inflation: Data on both the CPI and RPI inflation indices.
Commons Library analysis: The international anti-corruption summit in May 2016
Published Friday, May 20, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7580
This Commons Library briefing discusses the international summit on anti-corruption held in London on 12 May 2016 and what so far has emerged from it.
GDP - International Comparisons: Key Economic Indicators
Published Friday, May 20, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN02784
GDP International Comparisons: data and forecasts for the UK and the world's largest economies.
Business and Consumer Confidence: Key Economic Indicators
Published Friday, May 20, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN02817
Business and Consumer Confidence: Information on business and consumer confidence surveys, which is generally released ahead of official statistical data and can indicate changes to the economic outlook as well as turning points in the economic cycle.
Financial Indicators: Key Economic Indicators
Published Friday, May 20, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN05207
Financial Indicators: Data from FTSE100, as well as oil prices and gold prices.

Displaying 1-20 out of 6288

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

POST

The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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