Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 6096

Restricting pension tax relief
Published Friday, February 12, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN05901
Looks at recent measures to restrict pension tax relief

Topics: Pensions, Taxation

Reforming pension tax relief
Published Friday, February 12, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7505
Looks at the current debate on pension tax relief reform

Topic: Pensions

EU exit: impact in key UK policy areas
Published Friday, February 12, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7213
If the UK left the EU, would UK citizens benefit? This would depend on how the Government filled any policy gaps left by withdrawal. In some areas, the environment, for example, where the UK is bound by other international agreements, much of the content of EU law would probably remain. In others, the government might decide to retain the substance of EU law, or to remove EU obligations from UK statutes. Much would also depend on whether the UK sought to remain in the European Economic Area and therefore continue to have access to the single market, or preferred to go it alone and negotiate bilateral agreements with the EU. This paper looks at the current situation in a range of policy areas and considers how it might change be if the UK left the EU.
Statistics on Migrants and Benefits
Published Friday, February 12, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7445
Data on migrants and benefits is incomplete and fragmented, not routinely available from a single source. This is because the nationality of benefit claimants is not routinely gathered by either DWP or HMRC when administering benefits or tax credits. This paper brings together the main available data sources – including DWP data on National Insurance Number registrations, departmental ad-hoc releases and responses to Freedom of Information requests – to analyse rates of benefit and tax credits receipt among migrants living in the UK.
Exiting the EU: UK reform proposals, legal impact and alternatives to membership
Published Friday, February 12, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7214
The UK will hold a referendum on whether to stay in the European Union by the end of 2017, after the Government has negotiated reforms which will benefit the UK. The Prime Minister is expected to outline these reforms to the European Council in June 2015. What might the impact be of a decision to leave the EU? How would the UK leave? Would the UK join a different grouping of states or go it alone? Would EU or UK citizens or businesses have any vested rights? This paper considers the background to the EU referendum, the withdrawal process, various legal and constitutional issues and possible alternatives to EU membership.
Building prisons in England and Wales: the bigger, the better?
Published Friday, February 12, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN05646
The current Government has a policy of replacing old prisons with new (and often bigger) prisons, but will this help to raise standards in prison and reduce reoffending? Is bigger better or, conversely, is small beautiful?

Topic: Prisons

Teachers: supply, retention and workload
Published Friday, February 12, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7222
This briefing paper provides information about the supply, retention and workload of teachers, including some of the issues raised. It relates to England only.

Topics: Schools, Teachers

History of the House of Lords: A Brief Introduction
Published Friday, February 12, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0008
This House of Lords Library briefing provides a short history of the House of Lords.
BBC Charter renewal
Published Friday, February 12, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN03416
The current BBC Charter expires at the end of 2016. Negotiations are underway for its renewal. What is the process and what happened when it was last renewed?

Topic: Broadcasting

Fire services funding in England
Published Friday, February 12, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7482
This briefing paper sets out the structure of fire and rescue authorities in England, details the sources of their funding and the cuts since 2010, summarises the reports of Sir Ken Knight and the NAO and discusses reaction to the proposal for much greater collaboration between fire and police services.
GDP - International Comparisons: Key Economic Indicators
Published Friday, February 12, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN02784
GDP International Comparisons: data and forecasts for the UK and the world's largest economies.
Personal, social, health and economic education in schools (England)
Published Friday, February 12, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7303
This House of Commons Library briefing sets out the rules relating to the provision of personal, social, health and economic education (PSHE) in England, as well as introducing the debates about the quality of provision and the subject’s statutory status.

Topic: Schools

Litter
Published Friday, February 12, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN06984
A House of Commons Library Briefing Paper examining trends in litter and the policy and legislation in place to address litter problems in England.
Right to Rent: private landlords' duty to carry out immigration status checks
Published Friday, February 12, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN07025
The Immigration Act 2014 requires private sector landlords to check their tenants Right to Rent, which is to say, to ensure that they are not disqualified from privately renting property in the UK as a result of their immigration status. The Immigration Bill 2015-16 looks to build on this requirement with new eviction powers and criminal penalties for non-compliance.
Financial Indicators: Key Economic Indicators
Published Friday, February 12, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN05207
Financial Indicators: Data from FTSE100, as well as oil prices and gold prices.
Unemployment - International Comparisons: Key Economic Indicators
Published Friday, February 12, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN02800
Unemployment: International Comparisons: Data on harmonised unemployment rates for major international economies.
NHS Winter Pressures 2015/16 - Weekly Update
Published Friday, February 12, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN07057
Weekly update on NHS winter pressures facing acute hospital trusts in England. Includes data for accident and emergency diverts, bed days lost to Norovirus closures and general and acute bed occupancy.
Lifetime survivors pensions from public service schemes
Published Thursday, February 11, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN07109
Looks at why some survivors of public service pension scheme members lose their survivors pensions if they remarry or cohabit

Topic: Pensions

Manufacturing: Key Economic Indicators
Published Thursday, February 11, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN05206
Manufacturing: Data on maufacturing jobs, output and producer confidence.
Political disengagement in the UK: who is disengaged?
Published Thursday, February 11, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7501
This House of Commons Library Briefing Paper provides information about which groups in the UK are considered to be politically disengaged, and why.

Displaying 1-20 out of 6096

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

POST

The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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