Corporate tax reform (2010-2016)
Published Monday, July 25, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN05945
This note discusses the Coalition Government’s approach to corporate tax reform since 2010, focusing on the reductions made to the main rate, the decision to set a single rate of tax, and the reforms made to tax reliefs for capital investment. It goes on to examine the debate over corporate tax avoidance and the international efforts, led by the OECD, to tackle avoidance by multinationals through ‘Base Erosion and Profit Shifting’ (BEPS). It concludes by looking at developments in both these areas following the establishment of the new Conservative Government after the 2015 General Election.
Badgers: Culls in England
Published Monday, July 25, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN06837
The Government is committed to eradicating bovine TB and takes the view that badger culling in areas with high incidence of TB in cattle is an effective part of this strategy. Controlled shooting of badgers was trialed in Gloucestershire and Somerset in 2013 and 2014. In 2015, a badger cull continued in these two areas and was extended to a third area in Dorset. The Government intends to enable badger control to take place over a wider number of areas in 2016. However, badger culling as a means of controlling TB in cattle remains a contentious policy.
Business and Consumer Confidence: Key Economic Indicators
Published Monday, July 25, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN02817
Business and Consumer Confidence: Information on business and consumer confidence surveys, which is generally released ahead of official statistical data and can indicate changes to the economic outlook as well as turning points in the economic cycle.
Brexit: how will it affect transport?
Published Monday, July 25, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7633
This Commons Library briefing paper discusses some of the pertinent issues in the four main transport policy areas: aviation, railways, roads and road-based public transport, and maritime. It will be updated and expanded as more information is published and new issues emerge.
A Public Service Ombudsman for the UK
Published Monday, July 25, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7587
This House of Commons Library Briefing Paper looks at the Government's proposal to bring forward a draft bill for a public service ombudsman which will provide a unified ombudsman service for UK reserved matters and public services delivered solely in England. It also looks at the existing ombudsman landscape for public services across the UK.
Women in Parliament and Government
Published Friday, July 22, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN01250
191 women MPs were elected at the 2015 General Election, 29% of all MPs and a record high. Prior to 1987 women had never been more than 5% of MPs. 452 women have been elected to the Commons since 1918, 5 fewer than the current number of male MPs.
Israel and the Palestinians: no through road?
Published Friday, July 22, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers RP15-18
2014 was tumultuous for the Occupied Palestinian Territories, with the formation of a new Government, military conflict in Gaza, and various developments at the United Nations and International Criminal Court. 2015 saw the controversial re-election of Binyamin Netanyahu and the outbreak of the 'lone wolf' intifada, which has continued into 2016.
Average Earnings: Key Economic Indicators
Published Friday, July 22, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN02795
Average Earnings: Regularly updated data on average weekly earnings, including breakdowns by public and private sectors.
Interest Rates and Monetary Policy: Key Economic Indicators
Published Friday, July 22, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN02802
Interest Rates and Monetary Policy: Data on interest rates from the UK, eurozone and the US; a summary of the Bank of England’s and international, quantitative easing policy.
Unemployment - National: Key Economic Indicators
Published Friday, July 22, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN02797
Unemployment - national: data on International Labour Organisation unemployment, the headline measure of unemployment in the UK.
Commons Library Analysis: Energy: The Renewables Obligation
Published Friday, July 22, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN05870
The Renewables Obligation has provided financial support for large scale renewable electricity. Some elements of the scheme have already closed and it will close in 2017 as part of Electricty Market Reform, to be replaced by Contracts for Difference.
Leadership Elections: Labour Party
Published Friday, July 22, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN03938
This Commons Library Briefing Paper sets out the current rules for the election of the Leader and Deputy Leader of the Labour Party.