Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

Find a briefing paper
  1. Close


    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
  2. Close


    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 50

Average Earnings: Key Economic Indicators
Published Tuesday, April 17, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN02795
Average Earnings: Regularly updated data on average weekly earnings, including breakdowns by public and private sectors.
The National Minimum Wage: rates and enforcement
Published Wednesday, April 11, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN06898
A briefing paper on National Minimum Wage rates and enforcement; part of a wider series on the National Minimum Wage.
The gender pay gap
Published Friday, April 6, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN07068
This briefing paper provides statistics on the size of the gender pay gap in the UK, looks at some of the reasons why the gender pay gap arises and discusses the duty on large employers to report on the size of the gender pay gap in their workforce.

Topics: Employment, Pay

Women and the economy
Published Wednesday, March 7, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN06838
This briefing paper looks at women’s participation in the UK labour market and in business.
Workers underpaid the minimum wage
Published Wednesday, February 21, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8235
The minimum wage is one of the fundamental employment rights in the UK. But the minimum wage doesn’t enforce itself. This briefing looks at what is known about workers paid less than the minimum wage.

Topics: Employment, Pay

National Minimum Wage Statistics
Published Friday, February 2, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7735
This briefing looks at trends in the value of the UK National Minimum Wage, the number of jobs paid at the National Minimum Wage and how the National Minimum Wage compares internationally.

Topics: Employment, Pay

Public sector pay
Published Friday, December 1, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8037
This briefing provides an overview of public sector pay policy; the financial implications of the cap and the cost of removing it; trends in public sector pay; and recent debate on the subject.
Gig Economy: Introduction
Published Tuesday, November 21, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0086
This House of Lords Library briefing provides overall information on the demographics and earnings of those participating in the gig economy, on gig economy working practices in each sector, and on the potential effects to be seen in the wider economy.
Autumn Budget 2017: Background briefing
Published Friday, November 17, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8144
The briefing sets out the background to Autumn Budget 2017 which will take place on Wednesday 22 November 2017. The Office for Budget Responsibility (OBR) will publish revised forecasts for the economy and public finances on the same day.
Parental Bereavement (Leave and Pay) Bill 2017-19
Published Wednesday, October 18, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8115
The Parental Bereavement (Leave and Pay) Bill 2017-19 would introduce a right to paid parental bereavement leave.  It is a Private Members' Bill sponsored by Kevin Hollinrake MP and supported by the Government.

Topics: Employment, Pay

Unpaid Work Experience (Prohibition) Bill [HL]: Briefing for Lords Stages
Published Friday, October 13, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0070
This House of Lords Library briefing has been prepared in advance of the second reading in the House of Lords of the Unpaid Work Experience (Prohibition) Bill [HL] on 27 October 2017

Topics: Employment, Pay, Training

Taylor Review of Modern Employment Practices
Published Monday, July 17, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0043
This briefing summarises the recent Taylor Review of Modern Employment Practices and provides background and reaction to the report.
Understanding statistics on employment, unemployment and earnings
Published Wednesday, July 12, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN07119
This note explains the meaning of different concepts within labour market statistics and identifies the key measures and sources to use.
Banking executives’ remuneration in the UK
Published Friday, June 9, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN06204
This Note outlines some of the changes made to the structure, determination and publication of executive salaries, with particular reference to banks and other financial companies.
Published Tuesday, April 11, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7946
Millennials are the generation of people now in their young adulthood. Roughly aged between 25 and 34. Millennials make up 13.9% of the total UK population.
Spring Budget 2017: A summary
Published Friday, March 17, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7919
A summary of Spring Budget 2017 and the Office for Budget Responsibility's forecasts for the economy and public finances. This briefing now includes detailed discussion of changes to National Insurance contributions for the self-employed and the tax-free allowance for dividend income.
Impacts of immigration on population and the economy
Published Monday, July 25, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7659
This note looks at the impacts of immigration on different aspects of the economy and society, including population growth, employment, earnings, public services and the public finances.
National living wage and changes to terms and conditions
Published Friday, April 15, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0085
This Library Debate Pack provides background to the forthcoming debate on the introduction of the National Living Wage and changes to employee contracts.

Topics: Employment, Pay

Economic impacts of the National Living Wage: in brief
Published Thursday, March 24, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7319
The Government announced a new National Living Wage at the 2015 Summer Budget, to be introduced in April 2016. This note gives a brief overview of the possible impact, including numbers of employees affected.

Topics: Employment, Pay

National minimum wage: social care
Published Tuesday, March 22, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0074
This note provides background material for a Westminster Hall debate on 23 March 2016

Topic: Pay

Displaying 1-20 out of 50

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.


The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

Stay up to date

  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts Commons Briefing papers
  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts Lords In Focus
  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts Lords Library notes
  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts POSTnotes
  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts POSTbriefs