Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 153

New Nuclear Power
Published Thursday, June 28, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8176
This Commons Library briefing paper summarises current progress on nuclear power, including conventional reactors, advanced designs, waste disposal and nuclear research.
UK aid: frequently asked questions
Published Wednesday, May 16, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7996
What is aid? What is the UN 0.7% aid target and why has the UK adopted it? Which government departments spend UK aid? What impact does UK aid have? What will be the impact of Brexit on UK aid? These and other questions are answered in an accessible way in this briefing paper.
Brexit: new guidelines on the framework for future EU-UK relations
Published Thursday, April 19, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8289
Brexit negotiations have resumed and this third phase will cover issues outstanding from the last phases - the Irish border in particular - and the framework for future EU-UK relations. This paper looks at how the EU and the UK envisage their relationship after Brexit.
UK Fifth Carbon Budget
Published Monday, March 19, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7555
A House of Commons Library Briefing Paper on the UK Fifth Carbon Budget, including information on the Climate Change Act 2008, the Committee on Climate Change's proposals and the Government's Clean Growth Strategy. Information on progress against carbon budgets is also provided.
Overseas Electricity Interconnection
Published Friday, February 9, 2018 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0569
Electricity markets in the UK, Ireland and continental Europe are physically linked by ‘interconnector’ cables. These benefit energy system operators and consumers by reducing prices. They can also help integrate renewable electricity and ensure security of supply. This note discusses these benefits, proposals for future increases in interconnection and the potential effects of Brexit.
25-year environment plan
Published Wednesday, January 17, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8196
The Government published its 25-year plan to improve the environment on 11 January 2018. This briefing paper provides an overview and background to the plan, picks out key themes and commitments, and provides a summary of stakeholder reaction.
Green Finance and the Resilience of the Financial Sector to Climate Change
Published Friday, January 12, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0004
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate on 18 January 2018 on the following motion moved by Lord Teverson (Liberal Democrat) “that this House takes note of the case for the UK to remain a global leader for green finance, and for the UK’s financial sector to be resilient to climate change”.
Topics of Interest 2018
Published Monday, January 8, 2018 | POSTbriefs POST-PB-0027
This list sets out the topic areas identified of possible parliamentary interest under the 9 different category headings (Agriculture, Fisheries, Food and Forestry, Crime, Defence, Education and Skills, Energy, Environment, Health, ICT and Robotics and Transport and Infrastructure).
Carbon Price Floor (CPF) and the price support mechanism
Published Monday, January 8, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN05927
This Commons Library Briefing Paper provides an overview of the introduction of a Carbon Floor Price and the Government's freeze of Carbon Price Support until 2021. The Government confirmed the price support would continue until coal was phased out.
Control for low carbon levies
Published Wednesday, December 20, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8187
This Commons Library briefing provides an overview of the new Control for Low Carbon Levies, and the Levy Control Framework, which it replaced.
Global Effects of Climate Change on Health
Published Thursday, December 14, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0099
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate on 21 December 2017 on the following motion tabled by Baroness Walmsley (Liberal Democrat): "to move that this House takes note of the global effects of climate change on health".
Greenhouse gas emissions (UK): Social Indicators page
Published Monday, November 27, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN03950
Trends in UK greenhouse gas emissions.
The weather in the home countries: Social Indicators page
Published Monday, November 27, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN04319
2014 was the warmest year on record for the UK -what exactly was the weather like over the past 12 months?
Decarbonising the Gas Network
Published Wednesday, November 15, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0565
The burning of natural gas for heating contributes 14% of the UK’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Decarbonising, or reducing the carbon content of the UK gas supply is one option for reducing the emissions from heating. This POSTnote looks at the contribution that two alternative gases, hydrogen and biomethane, could make in achieving this goal.
Environmental Earth Observation
Published Wednesday, November 15, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0566
Earth observation (EO) is the process of gathering information about the Earth from a range of sensors to provide monitoring data at a range of scales. This POSTnote outlines some of the environmental uses and benefits of EO data, the potential opportunities from advances in relevant technologies and challenges facing the effective use of EO data.
Agriculture, Fisheries and the Rural Economy
Published Monday, October 30, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0076
This House of Lords Library briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate in the House of Lords on the new opportunities and challenges for agriculture, fisheries and the rural economy in the United Kingdom on 2 November 2017.
Carbon Capture and Storage
Published Wednesday, October 18, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0188
A Westminster Hall debate on the "Carbon Capture and Storage" is scheduled for Thursday 19 October 2017 at 1.30pm. The Member leading the debate is Simon Clarke MP.
Air Quality in London
Published Wednesday, June 28, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0035
This House of Lords Library briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate scheduled to take place in the House of Lords on 3 July on the case for improving air quality in London. It provides an overview of the regulation of air pollution, the impact of air pollution on health and plans by the Government and the Mayor of London to improve air quality.

Displaying 1-20 out of 153

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

POST

The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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