Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 148

Global Effects of Climate Change on Health
Published Thursday, December 14, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0099
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate on 21 December 2017 on the following motion tabled by Baroness Walmsley (Liberal Democrat): "to move that this House takes note of the global effects of climate change on health".
New Nuclear Power
Published Monday, December 11, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8176
This Commons Library briefing paper summarises current progress on nuclear power, including conventional reactors, advanced designs, waste disposal and nuclear research.
UK Fifth Carbon Budget
Published Monday, December 4, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7555
A House of Commons Library Briefing Paper on the UK Fifth Carbon Budget, including information on the Climate Change Act 2008, the Committee on Climate Change's proposals and the Government's Clean Growth Strategy. Information on progress against carbon budgets is also provided.
Carbon Price Floor (CPF) and the price support mechanism
Published Tuesday, November 28, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN05927
This Commons Library Briefing Paper provides an overview of the introduction of a Carbon Floor Price and the Government's freeze of Carbon Price Support until 2021. The Government confirmed the price support would continue until coal was phased out.
Greenhouse gas emissions (UK): Social Indicators page
Published Monday, November 27, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN03950
Trends in UK greenhouse gas emissions.
The weather in the home countries: Social Indicators page
Published Monday, November 27, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN04319
2014 was the warmest year on record for the UK -what exactly was the weather like over the past 12 months?
Decarbonising the Gas Network
Published Wednesday, November 15, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0565
The burning of natural gas for heating contributes 14% of the UK’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Decarbonising, or reducing the carbon content of the UK gas supply is one option for reducing the emissions from heating. This POSTnote looks at the contribution that two alternative gases, hydrogen and biomethane, could make in achieving this goal.
Environmental Earth Observation
Published Wednesday, November 15, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0566
Earth observation (EO) is the process of gathering information about the Earth from a range of sensors to provide monitoring data at a range of scales. This POSTnote outlines some of the environmental uses and benefits of EO data, the potential opportunities from advances in relevant technologies and challenges facing the effective use of EO data.
Agriculture, Fisheries and the Rural Economy
Published Monday, October 30, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0076
This House of Lords Library briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate in the House of Lords on the new opportunities and challenges for agriculture, fisheries and the rural economy in the United Kingdom on 2 November 2017.
Carbon Capture and Storage
Published Wednesday, October 18, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0188
A Westminster Hall debate on the "Carbon Capture and Storage" is scheduled for Thursday 19 October 2017 at 1.30pm. The Member leading the debate is Simon Clarke MP.
Air Quality in London
Published Wednesday, June 28, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0035
This House of Lords Library briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate scheduled to take place in the House of Lords on 3 July on the case for improving air quality in London. It provides an overview of the regulation of air pollution, the impact of air pollution on health and plans by the Government and the Mayor of London to improve air quality.
Queen's Speech 2017 Day 2: Business, Economic Affairs, Transport, Energy, Environment and Agriculture
Published Monday, June 19, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0024
This Lords Library briefing has been prepared in advance of the forthcoming Queen’s Speech, which is due to take place on 21 June 2017. The House of Lords is due to debate the Queen’s Speech over five days between 22 and 29 June 2017. This briefing is one of five prepared by the House of Lords Library to cover the themes of each day of debate.
UK aid: frequently asked questions
Published Friday, June 16, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7996
What is aid? What is the UN 0.7% aid target and why has the UK adopted it? Which government departments spend UK aid? What impact does UK aid have? What will be the impact of Brexit on UK aid? These and other questions are answered in an accessible way in this briefing paper.
Leaving the European Union: UK Climate Change Policy
Published Thursday, June 15, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0022
This House of Lords Library briefing provides an overview of a selection of European legislation which relates to climate change, and outlines how it has been implemented in the UK. The briefing discusses the potential implications of leaving the EU on targets set into UK law and briefly states the UK’s international commitments to reducing greenhouse gas emissions. It also provides additional information on greenhouse gas emissions from EU countries and their climate change domestic legislation.
Rising Sea Levels
Published Thursday, June 15, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0555
Sea level rise increases the frequency and severity of coastal flooding and rates of coastal erosion. Sea level rise will continue far beyond the 21st century, even if global temperature increase is limited to 2°C above pre-industrial levels. This POSTnote sets out the causes and likely future levels of sea level rise and its implications. It updates POSTnote 363 on Sea Level Rise, published in September 2010.
Projecting Future Sea Level Rise
Published Thursday, June 15, 2017 | POSTbriefs POST-PB-0025
This POSTbrief sets out the causes, likely future levels and implications of sea level rise.
EU Agencies and post-Brexit options
Published Friday, April 28, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7957
What are EU agencies and what do they do? Will the UK be able to participate in their activities after Brexit? And what will happen to the two that are based in the UK? This paper looks at the roles and functions of EU agencies, the issues surrounding the two UK-based agencies, and whether there are options for continued UK participation after Brexit.
Shale gas and fracking
Published Thursday, April 13, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN06073
The regulatory regime for fracking in the UK is covered in this note along with comment on environmental concerns. It also covers the new access provisions and debate on fracking in during the Infrastructure Bill’s passage through Parliament.

Displaying 1-20 out of 148

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

POST

The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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