Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 32

Natural Environment and Animal Welfare
Published Thursday, November 30, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0088
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been written ahead of the debate in the House of Lords on 7 December 2017, that: “this House takes note of Her Majesty’s Government’s plans to improve the natural environment and animal welfare”.
The UK bee population
Published Friday, November 10, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0226
This pack has been prepared ahead of the debate to be held in Westminster Hall on Tuesday 14 November 2017 from 4.30-5.30pm on the UK bee population. The debate will be opened by Alex Chalk MP.
Impact of Air and Water Pollution on the Environment and Public Health
Published Monday, October 23, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0073
This Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate scheduled to take place in the House of Lords on 26 October 2017 on the impact of air and water pollution on the environment and public health.
Commons Library analysis: Kew Gardens (Leases) Bill [Bill 22]
Published Friday, March 17, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7932
The Kew Gardens (Leases) Bill 2016-17 - a Private Members' Bill introduced to Parliament by Ian Liddell-Grainger MP on 29 June 2016 [Bill 22] - has its Commons report stage and third reading on Friday 24 March 2017.
Dog Fouling
Published Friday, March 10, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0081
This Commons Library debate pack has been prepared ahead of the Westminster Hall debate, scheduled for Tuesday 14 March 2017 at 430-530pm. It provides background information on the legislation, guidance and attempts to tackle the issue of dog fouling in the UK.
Trophy Hunting: UK and international policy
Published Thursday, February 23, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7908
This Commons Library Briefing Paper looks at the issues surrounding trophy hunting, particularly the sport of hunting lions. It examines the impacts of this industry on biodiversity and asks whether it can contribute positively to conservation.
Seagulls in coastal towns and cities
Published Friday, February 3, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0044
This Commons Library debate pack has been produced ahead of the debate on seagulls in coastal towns and cities. The debate will be in Westminster Hall on Tuesday 7 February 2017, 2.30-4pm. The Member in charge is Oliver Colvile MP. Debate packs are intended to provide useful information for Members, including press and parliamentary material, on issues relating to the debate.
Environmental Crime
Published Tuesday, January 31, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0547
Environmental crime is generally used to describe any illegal activity that harms the environment. It can also have serious human health and social impacts. This POSTnote outlines the different types of environmental crime and options for tackling them.
Global Biodiversity
Published Friday, October 28, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0198
This pack has been prepared ahead of the debate on global biodiversity, to be held in Westminster Hall on Tuesday 1 November 2016 at 2.30pm. The Member in charge of this debate is Dame Caroline Spelman MP.
Driven grouse shooting
Published Thursday, October 27, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0191
This pack has been prepared ahead of the debate to be held in Westminster Hall on Monday 31 October 2016 to consider e-petitions 125003 (Ban driven grouse shooting) and 164851 (Protect grouse moors and grouse shooting) relating to driven grouse shooting. The subject for the debate has been selected by the Petitions Committee.
Grouse shooting
Published Thursday, October 27, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7709
Grouse shooting takes place on moorlands managed for the birds. The Government believes that grouse shooting makes a significant economic, social and environmental contribution. However, others are concerned that grouse moor management is leading to environmental damage and the illegal killing of birds of prey. Two public petitions have been launched on this matter, on both sides of the argument. The Petitions Committee took evidence from witnesses on 18 October 2016, and a debate is scheduled for 31 October 2016.
Rewilding and Ecosystem Services
Published Thursday, September 29, 2016 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0537
This POSTnote explores the consequences of increasing the role of natural processes within landscapes. Evidence from the UK and abroad suggests that rewilding can benefit both wildlife and local people, but animal reintroductions could adversely affect some land-users.
Queen's Speech 2016 Day 4: Economic Affairs, Energy, Environment, Local Government and Transport
Published Thursday, May 12, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0025
The House of Lords is due to debate the Queen’s Speech over four days between 19 and 25 May 2016. This briefing is one of four prepared by the House of Lords Library to cover the themes of each day of debate.
Marine Conservation Zones in England
Published Friday, July 17, 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN06129
Marine Conservation Zones are being introduced to protect nationally important marine environments. 127 sites were put forward by regional stakeholder groups, and the Government designated 27 sites in 2013. The Government consulted on a second tranche of MCZs early in 2015. It is expected that the Government will announce a third tranche of candidate MCZ sites in 2016.
Infrastructure Bill: Invasive species
Published Friday, January 23, 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN07086
The Infrasctructure Bill 2014-15 contains new measures to control invasive non-native species. This paper provides an overview of debate on these parts of the Bill for the Commons' Report Stage.
The Forestry Commission and the sale of public forests in England
Published Monday, December 1, 2014 | Commons Briefing papers SN05734
This note sets out information on the sale of public forests managed by the Forestry Commission
Reducing Emissions from Deforestation
Published Friday, August 15, 2014 | POSTnotes POST-PN-466
The UNFCCC REDD+ scheme aims to promote sustainable forest management in developing countries in order to reduce carbon dioxide emissions. Developed countries are expected to provide finance of approximately $20bn per year from 2020. This POSTnote summarises the extent to which REDD+ could contribute to meeting international climate targets, challenges to its implementation and technologies for tracking its performance
Antarctica: the treaty system and territorial claims
Published Wednesday, July 18, 2012 | Commons Briefing papers SN05040
The unique treaty system that protects the Antarctic is constantly updated and sometimes challenged. A current Private Member’s Bill would implement recent changes in the UK.
Published Tuesday, May 15, 2012 | POSTnotes POST-PN-410
Bioenergy is the use of renewable natural material for power, heat and liquid fuels. Currently, the UK sources approximately 3% of its primary energy from bioenergy feedstocks. This POSTnote considers the opportunities and challenges of producing bioenergy sustainably to meet greenhouse gas reduction targets.
Evidence-based conservation, June 2011
Published Wednesday, June 1, 2011 | POSTnotes POST-PN-379
This POSTnote summaries the benefits of, and issues surrounding, an evidence-based approach to conservation management.

Displaying 1-20 out of 32

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House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

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The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.


The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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