Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 27

Green Belt
Published Friday, November 17, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN00934
This briefing from the House of Commons library examines some of the controversy about the Green Belt in England and how policy towards the Green Belt might change.
What is affordable housing?
Published Tuesday, November 14, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7747
This Commons Library briefing paper considers how affordable housing is defined in England and looks at key trends in the affordability of different tenure types. It also examines the supply of affordable housing and the role of Housing Benefit in enabling households to access and retain affordable housing.
Unauthorised encampments
Published Tuesday, October 10, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0176
A Westminster Hall debate on Unauthorised encampments is scheduled for Thursday 12 October 2017 at 1.30pm. The Member leading the debate is Wendy Morton MP.
Availability and Affordability of Housing
Published Monday, October 9, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0067
This House of Lords Library briefing provides information in advance of the debate on 12 October 2017 in the House of Lords on the availability and affordability of housing.

Topic: Planning

Starter Homes for First-Time Buyers (England)
Published Thursday, September 28, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7643
This House of Commons Library briefing paper explains the Government's starter homes initiative. The homes will be available at a minimum 20% discount on market value to first-time buyers under the age of 40. The paper outlines legislative provisions in the Housing and Planning Act 2016 to enact the initiative, together with planning policy reforms and a £1.2 billion Starter Homes Land Fund to support starter homes delivery. The starter homes initiative only applies in England.
Gypsies and Travellers
Published Thursday, September 28, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8083
This House of Commons Library briefing paper provides an overview of the key issues and policies relating to Gypsy and Traveller communities in England. The paper examines a range of issues including: inequalities, racial discrimination, accommodation needs, illegal encampments, health and education outcomes, employment rates, welfare reform and evidence of over-representation in the criminal justice system.
New housing design
Published Wednesday, August 30, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0153
MPs will debate new housing design in Westminster Hall on Tuesday 5 September 2017 from 11.30am to 1pm . The debate will be opened by Neil Parish MP. This House of Commons Library debate pack outlines design policy and issues and provides some of the media and parliamentary coverage.

Topics: Housing, Planning

Local Growth Deals
Published Wednesday, July 26, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN07120
This note looks at the creation of the Single Local Growth Fund and the process of allocating Growth Deal funding to Local Enterprise Partnerships.
City Deals
Published Monday, July 24, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN07158
This note provides an overview of City Deals, with details on the 31 that have been successfully negotiated since July 2012.
Urban Green Infrastructure and Ecosystem Services
Published Tuesday, July 18, 2017 | POSTbriefs POST-PB-0026
This brief provides an overview of the ecosystem service contributions of urban biodiversity and green infrastructure and the challenges for improving their provision - complementing POSTnote 538 on Green Space and Health.
Calling in a planning application
Published Monday, July 17, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN00930
The Secretary of State has powers to "call-in" a planning application and "recover" a planning appeal, to determine it himself. This note explains these powers further.

Topic: Planning

Planning for Nationally Significant Infrastructure Projects
Published Monday, July 17, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN06881
Before the 2017 general election the previous Government published a draft Airports National Policy Statement. Find out more about the next steps for this if taken forward and about the national infrastructure planning framework in this briefing paper.

Topic: Planning

Houses in multiple occupation & planning restrictions
Published Saturday, July 15, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN05414
This House of Commons Library briefing paper explains the powers English and Welsh local authorities have to use the planning system to limit the development of new houses in multiple occupation (HMOs).
Transport and Island Communities in England
Published Friday, July 14, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0042
This House of Lords Library briefing has been prepared in advance of a debate on 20 July 2017 on the transport needs of remote island communities in England.
Planning: change of use
Published Wednesday, July 12, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN01301
The planning use class system along with permitted development rights allows the change of use of buildings without the need for planning permission. This paper sets out some recent and proposed Government changes to the system.

Topic: Planning

Planning Reform Proposals
Published Wednesday, July 12, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN06418
A series of wide-ranging planning reforms were announced by the previous Government before the general election in its February 2017 Housing White Paper. The new Government will have the job of deciding if/how to take these forward. This paper sets out what is proposed alongside other reforms contained in legislation and previous consultations.
Challenges facing new towns
Published Monday, July 10, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0135
This pack has been prepared ahead of the debate to be held in Westminster Hall on Wednesday 12 July 2017 from 2.30-4pm on the challenges facing new towns. The debate will be opened by Lucy Allan MP.

Topics: Housing, Planning

Garden cities, towns and villages
Published Monday, July 10, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN06867
New garden cities, towns and villages have been proposed as one way to meet the housing shortfall. A new garden city is under development at Ebbsfleet and the Government has offered support for a number of further garden town and village sites across the country. A number of studies propose different models for delivering garden cities. This note sets out further information about the differing views on garden settlements and government support and policies in relation to them.
Permitted Development Rights
Published Wednesday, June 14, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN00485
Permitted development rights allow changes to be made to buildings and use of land without needing planning permission. This briefing papers sets out recent permitted development rights that were introduced by the previous Conservative and Coalition Governments, as well as proposals for new permitted development rights in rural areas.

Topic: Planning

Planning for Housing
Published Wednesday, June 14, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN03741
A number of reforms to the system of planning for housing were put forward in the previous Conservative Government's Housing White Paper, which the new Government will need to respond to and decide how to take forward. This briefing paper sets out how local authorities are directed to plan for housing, concern about unplanned developments, and the proposals for reform in this area.

Displaying 1-20 out of 27

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

POST

The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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