Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 355

Debate on a Motion on the Persecution of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community
Published Tuesday, May 22, 2018 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2018-0129
A debate on a motion on the 'Persecution of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community’ has been scheduled for Thursday 24 May 2018 in the Main Chamber. The debate has been nominated by the Backbench Business Committee and will be led by Siobhain McDonagh MP.
UK relations with Qatar
Published Monday, May 21, 2018 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2018-0126
A debate on ‘UK relations with Qatar’ has been scheduled for Wednesday 23 May 2018 in Westminster Hall from 2.30pm to 4.00pm. The debate has been initiated by Sir David Amess MP.
The 2018 Venezuelan Presidential elections
Published Friday, May 18, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8315
Venezuela is facing a growing political, economic and social crisis. With Presidential elections scheduled for Sunday, can things get better? This paper looks at the political developments in Venezuela from Hugo Chavez’s death in 2013 to today, the candidates and their prospects, and what might happen afterwards. Most analysts believe the incumbent President Nicolás Maduro, will win another term. However, a lot will depend on how many voters heed the main opposition bloc's call to boycott the elections, or whether they will turn out to vote for Maduro's opponent- former Chavista -Henri Falcón. With the economy in crisis, and growing poverty, hunger and disease fuelling mass migration, the prospects for Venezuela, regardless of who wins the election, do not look bright.
UK aid: frequently asked questions
Published Wednesday, May 16, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7996
What is aid? What is the UN 0.7% aid target and why has the UK adopted it? Which government departments spend UK aid? What impact does UK aid have? What will be the impact of Brexit on UK aid? These and other questions are answered in an accessible way in this briefing paper.
Can Europe save the Iran nuclear deal?
Published Tuesday, May 15, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8311
European leaders say they will try to save the Iran nuclear deal. Is this realistic?
International Day against homophobia, transphobia and biphobia
Published Tuesday, May 15, 2018 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2018-0122
A debate on the ‘International Day against homophobia, transphobia and biphobia’ has been scheduled for Thursday 17 May 2018 in the Main Chamber. The debate has been nominated by the Backbench Business Committee after a representation from Peter Kyle MP and Angela Eagle MP.
The Nuclear Safeguards Bill 2017-19
Published Friday, May 4, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8107
The Nuclear Safeguards Bill 2017-19 makes provision for nuclear safeguards after the UK leaves Euratom. This Briefing Paper discusses the background to and content of the Bill. Lords amendments to the Bill are being considered by the House of Commons on 8 May 2018.
World Malaria Day: 25 April 2018
Published Monday, April 23, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0047
This House of Lords Library Briefing provides information on World Malaria Day, marked on 25 April each year.
Work of the Ad Hoc Committees in 2015–16: House of Lords Sexual Violence in Conflict Committee
Published Friday, April 20, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0045
This House of Lords Library Briefing provides information about the work of the House of Lords Sexual Violence in Conflict Committee; its recommendations; the government response; and information highlighted in subsequent correspondence between the chair of the House of Lords Liaison Committee and the Prime Minister’s Special Representative for Sexual Violence in Conflict. It also contains a summary of the debate held in the House of Lords on the report, and concludes with a summary of certain developments which have occurred since the Committee reported.
Parliamentary approval for military action
Published Tuesday, April 17, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7166
The deployment of the Armed Forces is currently a prerogative power. Parliament has no legally established role and the Government is under no legal obligation with respect to its conduct. In 2011 the Government acknowledged that a convention had emerged whereby the House of Commons would have the opportunity to debate the deployment of military forces, prior to doing so, except in the event of an emergency. The defeat of the Government in a vote on military action in Syria in August 2013 was widely viewed as an assertion of Parliamentary sovereignty on such matters. Yet many have argued that the convention lacks clarity and remains open to interpretation and exploitation. Indeed, the recent limited airstrikes against the Syrian regime’s chemical weapons capabilities have been undertaken without recourse to Parliament, with the Government justifying its actions on humanitarian grounds. The lack of Parliamentary consultation has reignited the debate about formally legislating for Parliament’s role in such matters. Despite having committed to legislating on this issue in 2011, the Government dropped its proposals in April 2016.
The legal basis for air strikes against Syrian government targets
Published Monday, April 16, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8287
This paper looks at the general prohibition in international law on the use of force or threat of force directed at other states, and the legal advice on which the Government decided to participate with the US and France in air strikes on Syrian government targets on 14 April.
Syria and chemical weapons - in brief
Published Friday, April 13, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8283
The UK, US and France carried out missile strikes against targets in Syria on 14 April 2018. The Prime Minister will make a statement on 16 April.
Work of the Council of Europe
Published Tuesday, April 10, 2018 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2018-0092
A Westminster Hall debate on the ‘Work of the Council of Europe’ has been scheduled for Wednesday 18 April 2018 from 9.30am to 11.00am. The debate has been initiated by Vernon Coaker MP.
Somalia: March 2018 update
Published Tuesday, March 27, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7298
Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed (known as Farmajo) was elected Somalia's president by parliament on 8 February 2017. During the campaign he promised to renew the fight against corruption and suggested that he would be open to talks with al-Shabaab. He came into office with a reputation for competence. However, just over a year on, this reputation is already being severely tested.
The Chemical Weapons Convention
Published Monday, March 26, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8258
This short briefing paper looks at the Chemical Weapons Convention in the context of the attack in Salisbury in March 2018.
Brexit: the draft withdrawal agreement
Published Monday, March 26, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8269
The Commission published a draft legal text of the withdrawal agreement in February 2018 and an updated draft on 15 March. On 19 March a third text was published which showed where there is full agreement between the EU and the UK, where there is agreement in principle and where there is no agreement. This paper looks at the recent draft, making reference to earlier drafts where relevant.
Syria: Humanitarian Crisis
Published Friday, March 23, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0033
This House of Lords Library Briefing provides background information on the humanitarian situation arising from the conflict in Syria, ahead of a debate on this subject scheduled to take place on 29 March 2018.

Topic: Middle East

Future of the Commonwealth
Published Friday, March 16, 2018 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2018-0074
A Westminster Hall debate on the 'Future of the Commonwealth' is scheduled for Wednesday 21 March 2018 from 2:30-4:00pm. The Member initiating the debate is Richard Graham MP.
Kashmir: March 2018 update
Published Thursday, March 15, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7356
This briefing covers events in Indian-administered Kashmir since 8 July 2016, which have been characterised by a dramatic upsurge in protest and violence on the ground – what some are calling the “worst crisis in a generation”.

Displaying 1-20 out of 355

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The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

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The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

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The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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