Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 358

Parking policy in England
Published Monday, January 22, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN02235
This briefing paper summarises parking policy in England: civil parking enforcement on public highways; parking on private land; and parking on private roads.

Topic: Roads

Heathrow expansion
Published Monday, January 22, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN01136
This paper gives an overview of the debate about the expansion of Heathrow Airport. It looks at the work of the Airports Commission and the subsequent decision by the Conservative Government to support a third runway and sixth terminal at the airport; the environmental issues and concerns surrounding the decision; the economic case and how the scheme will be taken forwards.

Topic: Aviation

High Speed 2 (HS2) Phase 2a
Published Friday, January 19, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN07082
This paper summarises Phase 2a of the proposed new high speed rail line between London and the North of England (HS2). It gives a brief overview of the scheme, its costs, compensation arrangements and the Bill which will give statutory and planning authority for the construction of the scheme.

Topic: Railways

Railway passenger franchises
Published Thursday, January 18, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN01343
This is one of two briefing papers on rail passenger franchising. This paper sets out the terms of the various rail franchises in England, Wales and Scotland. A second paper, CBP 6521, sets out in more detail how franchising works and the franchising policy of successive governments.

Topic: Railways

Transport 2018: FAQ for MPs
Published Thursday, January 11, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7954
This paper sets out answers to commonly asked questions by Members of Parliament about various aspects of transport policy, usually related to constituency issues.
Passenger rail services in England
Published Tuesday, January 9, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN06521
This paper explains how passenger rail services are provided in England and the policies of successive governments towards rail franchising. It also looks at those proposals which have been put forward for further reform – specifically more partnership working, competition, public ownership and devolution.

Topic: Railways

The National Shipbuilding Strategy: January 2018 update
Published Tuesday, January 9, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8193
This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the UK's National Shipbuilding Strategy and what it means for the Royal Navy's new frigates.
Topics of Interest 2018
Published Monday, January 8, 2018 | POSTbriefs POST-PB-0027
This list sets out the topic areas identified of possible parliamentary interest under the 9 different category headings (Agriculture, Fisheries, Food and Forestry, Crime, Defence, Education and Skills, Energy, Environment, Health, ICT and Robotics and Transport and Infrastructure).
Laser Misuse (Vehicles) Bill [HL]: Briefing for Lords Stages
Published Thursday, December 21, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0103
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the second reading in the House of Lords of the Laser Misuse (Vehicles) Bill [HL] on 9 January 2018.
Taxi and private hire vehicle licensing in England
Published Thursday, December 14, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN02005
This paper sets out the licensing arrangements for taxis and private hire vehicles (PHVs), drivers and operators in England and the enforcement of those licences. It also looks at some of the most significant reports into the future of the taxi and PHV industries in recent years and issues currently of concern to the industry and licensing authorities such as capping licence numbers, cross-border working, accessibility and disruptive technology.

Topic: Roads

Small claims for personal injuries including whiplash
Published Thursday, December 14, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN04141
This Commons Library briefing paper considers the Government's proposals to reform the whiplash claims process and to increase the small claims track limit for personal injury claims
Air Pollution: Meeting Nitrogen Dioxide Targets
Published Wednesday, December 13, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8179
Despite falling UK emissions of air pollutants, concerns remain about pollutants in urban areas in particular; their impacts on lifelong health; and the UK Government’s failure to meet legally binding EU air quality targets

Topics: Pollution, Roads

Motor car insurance
Published Friday, December 1, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN06061
This note outlines some of the factors influencing the cost of motor insurance premiums and what government and the industry have done to try and reduce costs.
Road tolls
Published Wednesday, November 29, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN00442
This paper sets out the powers of government and the private sector to levy tolls on individual roads and explains the policies of successive governments in this regard. It also looks at the only toll road in England along the M6 corridor and at four tolled crossings – at Dartford, across the Humber, the Mersey and the Severn.

Topic: Roads

Automated and Electric Vehicles Bill 2017-19
Published Tuesday, November 28, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8118
This paper explains the policy background to and contents and purpose of the Automated and Electric Vehicles Bill 2017-19 (HC Bill 112).
Road fuel prices: Social Indicators page
Published Monday, November 27, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN02638
UK petrol and diesel price trends and cross EU price comparisons
Road traffic in Great Britain: Social Indicators page
Published Monday, November 27, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN02659
Trends since 1950 in road traffic in Great Britain.

Topic: Roads

Road accident casualties in Great Britain: Social Indicators page
Published Monday, November 27, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN02658
A summary of reported road accident casualty statistics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 358

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

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The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

POST

The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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