Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 195

Taxi and private hire vehicle licensing in England
Published Thursday, December 14, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN02005
This paper sets out the licensing arrangements for taxis and private hire vehicles (PHVs), drivers and operators in England and the enforcement of those licences. It also looks at some of the most significant reports into the future of the taxi and PHV industries in recent years and issues currently of concern to the industry and licensing authorities such as capping licence numbers, cross-border working, accessibility and disruptive technology.

Topic: Roads

Small claims for personal injuries including whiplash
Published Thursday, December 14, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN04141
This Commons Library briefing paper considers the Government's proposals to reform the whiplash claims process and to increase the small claims track limit for personal injury claims
Air Pollution: Meeting Nitrogen Dioxide Targets
Published Wednesday, December 13, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8179
Despite falling UK emissions of air pollutants, concerns remain about pollutants in urban areas in particular; their impacts on lifelong health; and the UK Government’s failure to meet legally binding EU air quality targets

Topics: Pollution, Roads

Motor car insurance
Published Friday, December 1, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN06061
This note outlines some of the factors influencing the cost of motor insurance premiums and what government and the industry have done to try and reduce costs.
Road tolls
Published Wednesday, November 29, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN00442
This paper sets out the powers of government and the private sector to levy tolls on individual roads and explains the policies of successive governments in this regard. It also looks at the only toll road in England along the M6 corridor and at four tolled crossings – at Dartford, across the Humber, the Mersey and the Severn.

Topic: Roads

Automated and Electric Vehicles Bill 2017-19
Published Tuesday, November 28, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8118
This paper explains the policy background to and contents and purpose of the Automated and Electric Vehicles Bill 2017-19 (HC Bill 112).
Road fuel prices: Social Indicators page
Published Monday, November 27, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN02638
UK petrol and diesel price trends and cross EU price comparisons
Road traffic in Great Britain: Social Indicators page
Published Monday, November 27, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN02659
Trends since 1950 in road traffic in Great Britain.

Topic: Roads

Road accident casualties in Great Britain: Social Indicators page
Published Monday, November 27, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN02658
A summary of reported road accident casualty statistics.
Passenger transport in Great Britain: Social Indicators page
Published Monday, November 27, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN02660
Social Indicator: Passenger transport

Topics: Railways, Roads

Vehicle Excise Duty (VED)
Published Thursday, November 23, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN01482
This briefing paper explains the policies of successive governments towards the setting and design of vehicle excise duty (VED) for cars and other vehicles. It gives information as to the exemptions from payment and how the Government enforces its collection. It also describes the most recent change to VED: those introduced for new vehicles from April 2017 and those affecting diesel vehicles from 2018.

Topics: Roads, Taxation

Gig Economy: Introduction
Published Tuesday, November 21, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0086
This House of Lords Library briefing provides overall information on the demographics and earnings of those participating in the gig economy, on gig economy working practices in each sector, and on the potential effects to be seen in the wider economy.
Petrol and diesel prices
Published Friday, November 17, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN04712
This note looks at trends in the price of petrol and diesel at the pump and before tax, possible reasons for the gap in prices between the two fuels and compares prices and taxes in different countries.
Vehicle scrappage schemes
Published Thursday, November 9, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8091
This paper gives a brief overview of the debates about vehicle scrappage schemes in recent years – from the 2009 scrappage scheme introduced by the Labour Government to calls from 2015 onwards for a new diesel scrappage scheme to help improve air quality.
Road Accident Statistics
Published Wednesday, November 8, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7615
Road Accident statistics with various breakdowns and analyses

Topic: Roads

Transport Spending by Region
Published Friday, November 3, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8130
Tables-based paper, outlining levels of public spending on transport by region and nation of the UK

Topics: Buses, Railways, Roads

Speed limits in England
Published Thursday, September 21, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN00468
This paper sets out the legislation and guidance on speed limits and how highways authorities can vary limits in their areas. It also explains policy towards 20 mph, motorway and rural speed limits and how speed limits are enforced. Finally, it summarises the policies of successive governments towards speed limits.

Topic: Roads

Electric vehicles and infrastructure
Published Thursday, August 31, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7480
This paper explains what electric vehicles are and how successive governments have planned for infrastructure to encourage and accommodate their growth. It also sets out the various grant streams that have been allocated for the same purpose.

Displaying 1-20 out of 195

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

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The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

POST

The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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