Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 190

Motor car insurance
Published Tuesday, October 3, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN06061
This note outlines some of the factors influencing the cost of motor insurance premiums and what government and the industry have done to try and reduce costs.
Speed limits in England
Published Thursday, September 21, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN00468
This paper sets out the legislation and guidance on speed limits and how highways authorities can vary limits in their areas. It also explains policy towards 20 mph, motorway and rural speed limits and how speed limits are enforced. Finally, it summarises the policies of successive governments towards speed limits.

Topic: Roads

Electric vehicles and infrastructure
Published Thursday, August 31, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7480
This paper explains what electric vehicles are and how successive governments have planned for infrastructure to encourage and accommodate their growth. It also sets out the various grant streams that have been allocated for the same purpose.
Parliamentary debate 5/7/17: Road infrastructure
Published Tuesday, July 4, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0133
This debate will take place between 9.30 and 11.00 am on 5 July in Westminster Hall. The Member who secured the debate is Huw Merriman MP (Con., Bexhill and Battle).

Topic: Roads

Parliamentary debate 4/7/17: Safety of riders and horses on rural roads
Published Thursday, June 29, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0130
This debate will take place between 4.30 and 5.30 pm on 4 July in Westminster Hall. The Member who secured the debate is Derek Thomas MP (Con., St Ives).

Topics: Animals, Roads

Air Quality in London
Published Wednesday, June 28, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0035
This House of Lords Library briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate scheduled to take place in the House of Lords on 3 July on the case for improving air quality in London. It provides an overview of the regulation of air pollution, the impact of air pollution on health and plans by the Government and the Mayor of London to improve air quality.
Motability scheme
Published Thursday, June 22, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN00473
This paper explains what the Motability scheme is and how it operates, including changes to eligibility for the scheme as a result of PIP.
Queen's Speech 2017 Day 2: Business, Economic Affairs, Transport, Energy, Environment and Agriculture
Published Monday, June 19, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0024
This Lords Library briefing has been prepared in advance of the forthcoming Queen’s Speech, which is due to take place on 21 June 2017. The House of Lords is due to debate the Queen’s Speech over five days between 22 and 29 June 2017. This briefing is one of five prepared by the House of Lords Library to cover the themes of each day of debate.
Social security benefits for older people with mobility needs
Published Monday, June 19, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN07160
Both Disability Living Allowance and Personal Independence Payment (which is replacing DLA) provide help with the extra costs disabled people face when getting around. The DLA or PIP mobility component can continue to be paid indefinitely, but there is an upper age limit of 65 for new claims. This means that some older people cannot get benefits for mobility needs and cannot access linked schemes such as Motability.
Bus Services Act 2017
Published Monday, June 12, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7545
This paper explains the policy background to and contents and purpose of the Bus Services Act 2017. It will be updated as the Act is brought into force and implemented over coming years.
Vehicle Excise Duty (VED)
Published Monday, June 12, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN01482
This briefing paper explains the policies of successive governments towards the setting and design of vehicle excise duty (VED) for cars and other vehicles. It gives information as to the exemptions from payment and how the Government enforces its collection. It also describes the most recent change to VED, introduced for new vehicles from April 2017 and debates about its effects.

Topics: Roads, Taxation

Road tolls
Published Monday, June 12, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN00442
This paper sets out the powers of government and the private sector to levy tolls on individual roads and explains the policies of successive governments in this regard. It also looks at the only toll road in England along the M6 corridor and at three tolled crossings – at Dartford, across the Humber and the Severn.

Topic: Roads

Connected and autonomous road vehicles
Published Monday, June 12, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7965
This paper considers some of the key implications of ‘connected and autonomous vehicles’ (CAVs) for the UK road transport sector. It includes discussion of the potential benefits of road-based CAVs; barriers to adoption; and the evolving regulatory framework. The paper also touches on wider considerations, including public perceptions and acceptance of so-called ‘self-driving’ technology; potential cyber security issues; and the labour market implications of vehicle automation.
Transport in Scotland, Wales & Northern Ireland
Published Monday, June 12, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN03156
This paper explains how transport has been devolved from Westminster to Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. It gives information on those areas which remain reserved to Westminster and where you can find more information about devolved policies.
Cycling: FAQs
Published Monday, June 12, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN01097
This paper is designed to provide information on some of the areas of cycling policy most frequently of interest to MPs and their staff such as government policy, funding, safety and the ‘rules of the road’.

Topics: Cycling, Taxation

Transport 2017: FAQ for new MPs
Published Monday, June 12, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7954
This paper sets out answers to commonly asked questions by Members of Parliament about various aspects of transport policy, usually related to constituency issues.
Brexit: how will it affect transport?
Published Monday, June 12, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7633
This Commons Library briefing paper discusses some of the pertinent issues in the four main transport policy areas: aviation, railways, roads and road-based public transport, and maritime. It will be updated and expanded as more information is published and new issues emerge.
Cyber Security of UK Infrastructure
Published Tuesday, May 2, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0554
The Government has identified ‘cyber’ as one of six Tier 1 threats to UK national security. This POSTnote focuses on the cyber security of the UK’s critical national infrastructure, describing measures to improve cyber security and challenges in implementing them. It also reviews the new National Cyber Security Strategy, along with international policy and legislation.
Quantum Technologies
Published Monday, April 24, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0552
Quantum Technologies use the behaviour of matter and light that is normally only observed at very small scales. This POSTnote introduces recent advances, applications, and UK initiatives to support their development and commercialisation. It also reviews policy concerns such as privacy, access to new technologies and secure communications.

Displaying 1-20 out of 190

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

POST

The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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