Health in Private-Rented Housing
Published Wednesday, April 4, 2018 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0573
This POSTnote looks at the quality of housing in the private rented sector and explains the effects that housing conditions can have on health. It also looks at interventions to improve housing quality in the private rented sector and at the challenges to implementing them.
UK Fisheries Management
Published Wednesday, February 21, 2018 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0572
Following EU withdrawal the UK will have full responsibility for fisheries policy and management within its waters. This POSTnote summarises the science used to inform management, current approaches to EU fisheries, and challenges and opportunities for future UK fisheries management
The Ageing Process and Health
Published Friday, February 9, 2018 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0571
This POST note examines the biological basis of ageing, the potential to manipulate the ageing process and to use such knowledge to promote better health later in life.
Overseas Electricity Interconnection
Published Friday, February 9, 2018 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0569
Electricity markets in the UK, Ireland and continental Europe are physically linked by ‘interconnector’ cables. These benefit energy system operators and consumers by reducing prices. They can also help integrate renewable electricity and ensure security of supply. This note discusses these benefits, proposals for future increases in interconnection and the potential effects of Brexit.
Parental Alcohol Misuse and Children
Published Friday, February 9, 2018 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0570
Parental Alcohol Misuse (PAM) can negatively affect children’s physical and mental health, and other outcomes including educational attainment and behaviour. Effects can be acute when experienced in conjunction with other adverse experiences such as domestic abuse, marital conflict, and deprivation. PAM is a common feature in child protection and care proceedings, and places a considerable burden on social services.
Published Thursday, February 8, 2018 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0568
A POSTnote which explains what science diplomacy involves, outlining the mechanisms and settings that encourage organisations and individuals to build international relations through science-related activities.
Regulating Advanced Therapies
Published Friday, November 17, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0567
A POSTnote which explains what advanced therapies are and how they can benefit patients, and gives an overview of the current regulatory framework and how this might change after Brexit.
Decarbonising the Gas Network
Published Wednesday, November 15, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0565
The burning of natural gas for heating contributes 14% of the UK’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Decarbonising, or reducing the carbon content of the UK gas supply is one option for reducing the emissions from heating. This POSTnote looks at the contribution that two alternative gases, hydrogen and biomethane, could make in achieving this goal.
Environmental Earth Observation
Published Wednesday, November 15, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0566
Earth observation (EO) is the process of gathering information about the Earth from a range of sensors to provide monitoring data at a range of scales. This POSTnote outlines some of the environmental uses and benefits of EO data, the potential opportunities from advances in relevant technologies and challenges facing the effective use of EO data.
Published Monday, November 13, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0564
People's responses to risk are shaped by the way that such risks are communicated. Communicating risks effectively can defuse concerns, mitigate disaster situations and build trust with public institutions and organisations. This POSTnote defines the often misunderstood concepts of risk, uncertainty and hazard and describes the key stakeholders communicating it. It examines the factors that shape how people perceive and respond to such risks and summarises evidence on effective risk communication strategies.
Mental Health Service Models for Young People
Published Friday, October 6, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0563
This POSTnote describes some of the new models of Children and Young People Mental Health Services (CYPMHS) and examines the challenges to their effective implementation.
Risk Assessment of Nanomaterials
Published Thursday, October 5, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0562
The unique properties of engineered nanomaterials are beneficial to a range of industries. However, uncertainties in assessing their potential health and environmental risks could hinder their safe use. This POSTnote summarises the current regulation of nanomaterials and highlights potential future directions for regulatory testing approaches.
Regulating Clinical Trials
Published Monday, October 2, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0561
This POSTnote describes the new EU Clinical Trial Regulation and the timetable for its implementation and examines its likely impact on the regulation of clinical trials in the UK post-Brexit.
Migrants and Housing
Published Friday, August 4, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0560
Migration is often cited in public debate as a significant factor in the demand for UK housing. This POSTnote provides an overview of available research on migrants and housing. It examines definitions and data sources on migration and its implications. It also outlines the possible impact of migrants on housing, including variation by tenure type, migrant characteristics and region. Finally, it considers the impact of housing on migrants and local communities.
Topics: Asylum, Homelessness, Housing, Housing supply, Immigration, Nationality, Overcrowding, Owner occupation, Population, Private rented housing, Social rented housing
Online Information and Fake News
Published Wednesday, July 12, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0559
Internet search engines and social media platforms are an increasingly popular way of accessing news and information. In 2017, the proportion of UK adults consuming news online exceeded those who watched news on TV (74% versus 69%). This note considers how people access news online, how algorithms (sequences of instructions) and social networks influence the content that users see, and options for mitigating any negative impact.
Topics: Adult education, Broadcasting, Central government, Information technology, Intellectual property, Internet and cybercrime, Media, Political parties, Press, Schools, Science, Telecommunications
Supply of Medical Radioisotopes
Published Tuesday, July 11, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0558
A POSTnote that highlights the critical role of radioactive isotopes used in medicine, and outlines the challenges for the UK in ensuring their future supply.
Environmentally Sustainable Agriculture
Published Tuesday, July 4, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0557
Agricultural practices can reduce water quality, degrade soils and cause biodiversity loss. This in turn can disrupt natural processes that support food production. Environmentally sustainable agriculture seeks to reduce environmental damage and restore such processes. This POSTnote summarises associated land management options, agricultural policies and the constraints imposed by a new trading environment.
Security of UK Food Supply
Published Tuesday, July 4, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0556
This note outlines current UK trade in food and animal feed, examines the challenges raised to the security of UK food supply by withdrawal from the EU and analyses the policy options available for improving UK food security
Rising Sea Levels
Published Thursday, June 15, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0555
Sea level rise increases the frequency and severity of coastal flooding and rates of coastal erosion. Sea level rise will continue far beyond the 21st century, even if global temperature increase is limited to 2°C above pre-industrial levels. This POSTnote sets out the causes and likely future levels of sea level rise and its implications. It updates POSTnote 363 on Sea Level Rise, published in September 2010.
Global Health Inequalities
Published Tuesday, May 2, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0553
A POSTnote which reviews trends in global health inequalities in the context of the transition from the Millennium Development Goals to Sustainable Development Goals.