Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 353

Petrol and diesel prices
Published Friday, November 17, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN04712
This note looks at trends in the price of petrol and diesel at the pump and before tax, possible reasons for the gap in prices between the two fuels and compares prices and taxes in different countries.
Defence aerospace industrial strategy
Published Monday, November 13, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0224
A debate on ‘Defence aerospace industrial strategy’ has been scheduled for Thursday 16 November 2017 in the Main Chamber. The debate has been nominated by the Backbench Business Committee after a representation from Ruth Smeeth MP and Robert Courts MP.
Vehicle scrappage schemes
Published Thursday, November 9, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8091
This paper gives a brief overview of the debates about vehicle scrappage schemes in recent years – from the 2009 scrappage scheme introduced by the Labour Government to calls from 2015 onwards for a new diesel scrappage scheme to help improve air quality.
The aerospace industry: statistics and policy
Published Wednesday, November 8, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN00928
This note analyses key statistics and presents details of how Government policy supports the industry.
Road Accident Statistics
Published Wednesday, November 8, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7615
Road Accident statistics with various breakdowns and analyses

Topic: Roads

Motor car insurance
Published Monday, November 6, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN06061
This note outlines some of the factors influencing the cost of motor insurance premiums and what government and the industry have done to try and reduce costs.
Transport Spending by Region
Published Friday, November 3, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8130
Tables-based paper, outlining levels of public spending on transport by region and nation of the UK

Topics: Buses, Railways, Roads

Automated and Electric Vehicles Bill 2017-19
Published Friday, October 20, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8118
This paper explains the policy background to and contents and purpose of the Automated and Electric Vehicles Bill 2017-19 (HC Bill 112).
Parliamentary debate 24/10/17: Improving rail links in South West England
Published Friday, October 20, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0192

Topic: Railways

Speed limits in England
Published Thursday, September 21, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN00468
This paper sets out the legislation and guidance on speed limits and how highways authorities can vary limits in their areas. It also explains policy towards 20 mph, motorway and rural speed limits and how speed limits are enforced. Finally, it summarises the policies of successive governments towards speed limits.

Topic: Roads

Brexit reading list: economic, business and transport policy issues
Published Monday, September 18, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7830
The Commons Library has compiled, from a wide range of sources, a selection of analysis and comment relevant to the UK's forthcoming withdrawal from the European Union.
Electric vehicles and infrastructure
Published Thursday, August 31, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7480
This paper explains what electric vehicles are and how successive governments have planned for infrastructure to encourage and accommodate their growth. It also sets out the various grant streams that have been allocated for the same purpose.
Airspace change and modernisation
Published Thursday, August 31, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7889
This paper looks at the structure and management of airspace in the UK and the wider international context. It explains how airspace functions at the moment and proposals to upgrade and improve it, including the EU Single European Sky programme and the UK’s Future Airspace Strategy.

Topic: Aviation

Civilian drones
Published Thursday, August 31, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7734
This paper outlines current regulations for the use of recreational and commercial drones in the UK. It also presents recent policy development in the UK and internationally, as well as emerging technological and regulatory issues related to drone integration into domestic airspace.
Passenger rail services in England
Published Tuesday, August 29, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN06521
This paper explains how passenger rail services are provided in England and the policies of successive governments towards rail franchising. It also looks at those proposals which have been put forward for further reform – specifically more partnership working, competition, public ownership and devolution.

Topic: Railways

Railway passenger franchises
Published Wednesday, August 23, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN01343
This is one of two briefing papers on rail passenger franchising. This paper sets out the terms of the various rail franchises in England, Wales and Scotland. A second paper, SN6521, sets out in more detail how franchising works and the franchising policy of successive governments.

Topic: Railways

High Speed 2 (HS2) Phase 2b and beyond
Published Thursday, August 10, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8071
This paper summarises Phase 2b of the proposed new high speed rail line between London and the North of England (HS2). It gives a brief overview of the scheme, its costs, compensation arrangements and the preferred route. It also looks at Northern Powerhouse Rail (HS3) and high speed rail to and within Scotland.

Topic: Railways

High Speed 2 (HS2) Phase 2a
Published Thursday, August 10, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN07082
This paper summarises Phase 2a of the proposed new high speed rail line between London and the North of England (HS2). It gives a brief overview of the scheme, its costs, compensation arrangements and the Bill which will give statutory and planning authority for the construction of the scheme.

Topic: Railways

High Speed 2 (HS2) Phase 1
Published Thursday, August 10, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN00316
This paper summarises Phase 1 of the proposed new high speed rail line between London and the North of England (HS2). It gives a brief overview of the scheme, its costs, compensation arrangements and the Act which gives statutory and planning authority for the construction of the scheme. Construction is planned to begin soon.

Topic: Railways

Displaying 1-20 out of 353

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The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

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The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

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The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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