Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

Find a briefing paper
  1. Close

    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
  2. Close

    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 85

Select Committees in the House of Lords: Updated September 2017
Published Wednesday, September 20, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0062
This House of Lords Library Note considers committees in the House of Lords which deal with public matters.
Private Member's Bills in the House of Lords
Published Thursday, September 7, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0058
This House of Lords Library briefing provides a profile of private member’s bills in the Lords and recent statistics for the number passed each session. It also provides examples of the types of private member’s bill introduced and commentary on the reasons why a Member might table a private member’s bill.
House of Lords: Lords Spiritual
Published Monday, September 4, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0056
This House of Lords Library briefing looks at the role of the Lords Spiritual in the House of Lords. The membership of the House of Lords includes 26 Church of England Archbishops and Bishops who sit on an ex officio basis as ‘Lords Spiritual’. Their right to sit and vote in the House having been established by ancient usage and by statute. They currently comprise around 3 percent of the total membership.
House of Lords (Hereditary Peers) (Abolition of By-Elections) Bill [HL]: Briefing for Lords Stages
Published Wednesday, August 16, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0052
This House of Lords Library briefing provides briefing material on the House of Lords (Hereditary Peers) (Abolition of By-Elections) Bill ahead of its second reading in the House of Lords.
Customs and Traditions of the House of Lords
Published Monday, August 7, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0050
This Lords Library briefing describes the customs, traditions, rules of behaviour and courtesies for both Members of the House and the Chamber, their historical origins and development, and their continuing importance to the manner in which the House conducts its business.
Hereditary By-elections: Results
Published Thursday, July 20, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0047
This House of Lords Library briefing provides a list of hereditary peers’ by-election results since the passing of the House of Lords Act 1999, including information on turn out and the number of candidates.
Salisbury Convention in a Hung Parliament
Published Tuesday, June 20, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0030
This House of Lords Library briefing describes the background to the Salisbury Convention and considers how it applies when a hung parliament produces a minority or coalition government.
Queen's Speech 2017 Day 3: Home Affairs, Communities and Local Government, Justice, Constitutional Affairs and Devolved Affairs
Published Monday, June 19, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0025
This Lords Library briefing has been prepared in advance of the forthcoming Queen’s Speech, which is due to take place on 21 June 2017. The House of Lords is due to debate the Queen’s Speech over five days between 22 and 29 June 2017. This briefing is one of five prepared by the House of Lords Library to cover the themes of each day of debate.
House of Lords: Maiden and Valedictory Speeches, 2015-2017
Published Monday, June 12, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0021
This House of Lords Library briefing covers the maiden and valedictory speeches made during the course of the 2015-2017 parliament. The first and last speeches made by a Member of the House of Lords are significant occasions and, by tradition, are marked with respect by the House.
History of the House of Lords: A Short Introduction
Published Thursday, April 27, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0020
This House of Lords Library briefing provides a short introduction to the history of the House of Lords.
House of Lords: Backgrounds in Public Life
Published Wednesday, April 5, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0019
This House of Lords Library briefing presents lists of current Members of the House who have held selected offices and positions in public life.
House of Lords: Party and Group Strengths and Voting
Published Wednesday, March 15, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0016
This House of Lords Library briefing presents statistics on the relative size of the three largest political parties and the politically unaligned groups in the House of Lords. It also presents select statistics on voting behaviour in the House.
House of Lords: Statistical Profile of Membership—January 2017
Published Monday, February 6, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0008
This House of Lords Library briefing presents a range of information about the membership of the House of Lords as the House was composed on Friday 27 January 2017.
Leaving the European Union: Machinery of Government Changes
Published Friday, December 16, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0070
This Lords Library briefing explores machinery of government changes announced by the Prime Minister, Theresa May, on 18 July 2016, in the wake of the United Kingdom’s referendum vote in favour of leaving the European Union.
Select Committees in the House of Lords: Updated November 2016
Published Thursday, November 3, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0057
This House of Lords Library Note considers committees in the House of Lords which deal with public matters.
Regional Representation in the House of Lords
Published Thursday, July 14, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0038
This House of Lords Library briefing provides an analysis of Members’ registered address locations from the January 2016 expenses data and provides an indicative picture of the regional breakdown of the House of Lords. Data is also provided from August 2013 and September 2011 for comparative purposes.
Leaving the EU: Parliament's Role in the Process
Published Monday, July 4, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0034
Following the result of the referendum held on 23 June 2016, this House of Lords Library briefing examines what Parliament’s role would be in the process of withdrawing from the European Union in several key areas: invoking Article 50; overseeing the negotiation process; ratifying agreements; repealing and reviewing domestic legislation. This is an updated version of the briefing issued on 30 June 2016.
Private Member’s Bills in the House of Lords
Published Tuesday, May 24, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0028
This Lords Library briefing provides information on private member’s bills in the House of Lords.
Opposition Parties: Financial Assistance
Published Wednesday, May 18, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0026
This House of Lords Library briefing provides information on official financial assistance provided to opposition parties and the Convenor of the Crossbench Peers in the House of Lords.
Queen's Speech 2016 Day 3: Home, Legal, Constitutional and Devolved Affairs
Published Thursday, May 12, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0024
The House of Lords is due to debate the Queen’s Speech over four days between 19 and 25 May 2016. This briefing is one of four prepared by the House of Lords Library to cover the themes of each day of debate.

Displaying 1-20 out of 85

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

POST

The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

Stay up to date

  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts Commons Briefing papers
  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts Lords In Focus
  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts Lords Library notes
  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts POSTnotes
  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts POSTbriefs