Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 321-340 out of 527

The Impact of Personal Indebtedness in United Kingdom Households, Especially on Children
Published Friday, August 15, 2014 | Lords Library notes LLN-2014-029
This Library Note was prepared for a debate in the House of Lords on the impact of personal indebtedness in UK households, especially on children, which was scheduled to take place on 17 July 2014, but was postponed to a future date.
Understanding and Sourcing Political Opinion Polls
Published Friday, August 8, 2014 | Lords Library notes LLN-2014-028
This Library Note provides an overview of contemporary political opinion polls.

Topic: Constitution

Polling Data on the Scottish Independence Referendum
Published Friday, August 8, 2014 | Lords Library notes LLN-2014-027
This Library Note—an update to a previous Note published on 23 June 2014—focuses on public opinion polling data in relation to the Scottish independence referendum.
Debate on 24 July 2014: International Compliance with Article 18 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights Concerning Freedom of Belief
Published Monday, July 21, 2014 | Lords Library notes LLN-2014-026
This Library Note provides background reading for the debate. It briefly examines Article 18’s status in international law, its role in promoting freedom of belief, and then presents sources which examine freedom of religion around the world.
Wales Bill (HL Bill 34 of 2014–15)
Published Wednesday, July 16, 2014 | Lords Library notes LLN-2014-025
The Wales Bill would provide for a range of measures in three key areas. The first is elections to the National Assembly for Wales, where the Bill would alter the length of the electoral term and rules on candidacy. Secondly, the Bill would make provision with regard to a number of financial matters, including the devolution of some tax-raising powers to the Welsh Assembly. Thirdly, the Bill would make provision with regard to housing revenue account debt in Wales, and to adjust the relationship between Welsh Ministers and the Law Commission.
Deregulation Bill (HL Bill 33 of 2014–15)
Published Thursday, July 3, 2014 | Lords Library notes LLN-2014-024
The Deregulation Bill is a wide-ranging bill that is intended to remove or reduce regulatory burdens on businesses, civil society, individuals, public sector bodies and the taxpayer across a number of policy areas including: general and specific areas of business, companies and insolvency, the use of land, housing, transport, communications, the environment, education and training, entertainment, public authorities and the administration of justice.
Consumer Rights Bill (HL Bill 29 of 2014–15)
Published Thursday, June 26, 2014 | Lords Library notes LLN-2014-023
The Consumer Rights Bill makes provision for the reform of consumer law in the UK and connected areas of law. This Note summarises the Bill’s report stage and third reading in the House of Commons.
Criminal Justice and Courts Bill (HL Bill 30 of 2014–15)
Published Wednesday, June 25, 2014 | Lords Library notes LLN-2014-022
The Criminal Justice and Courts Bill contains a range of proposals across four areas: criminal justice; young offenders; courts and tribunals; and judicial review. This Library Note summarises the key debates that took place on the Bill at report stage and third reading in the House of Commons, highlighting amendments made to the Bill, and refers to some of the other issues raised by MPs.
Referendum on Scottish Independence
Published Thursday, June 19, 2014 | Lords Library notes LLN-2014-020
On 18 September 2014, Scotland will hold a referendum on whether it should be an independent country. This Library Note updates a previous Library Note, published on 27 January 2014, on the subject of the possible consequences of a ‘Yes’ vote. The Note aims to provide broad discussion of some of the main issues raised in connection with the subject, and lists possible sources for further reading.
Infrastructure Bill [HL] (HL Bill 2 of 2014–15)
Published Friday, June 13, 2014 | Lords Library notes LLN-2014-018
The Infrastructure Bill makes provision for the Government’s proposals to fund, plan, manage and maintain the UK’s national infrastructure.
Membership of the House of Lords: Ethnicity, Religion and Disability
Published Thursday, June 12, 2014 | Lords Library notes LLN-2014-017
Members of the House of Lords are not required to provide information about their ethnicity, religious beliefs or any disabilities they may have. However, there is continued interest in the representativeness of the House, as currently composed. This Library Note provides background information on this subject: it summarises existing research on the representation in the House of Lords of minority ethnic groups, religions and disability, and sets out some of the challenges in collecting and interpreting this information.
Debate on 6 May: Actions Taken Following the Publication in 2013 of the Report of the Select Committee on Small and Medium Sized Enterprises
Published Wednesday, April 30, 2014 | Lords Library notes LLN-2014-016
This Library Note examines what developments have occurred since the Government’s response to the report of the House of Lords Select Committee on Small and Medium Sized Enterprises was published in May 2013.
Hereditary Peers in the House of Lords Since 1999
Published Thursday, March 27, 2014 | Lords Library notes LLN-2014-014
The House of Lords Act 1999 ended the centuries-old linkage between the hereditary peerage and membership of the House of Lords. The majority of hereditary Peers left the House of Lords in November 1999, but under a compromise arrangement, 92 of their number, known as ‘excepted’ hereditary Peers still sit in the House today.
Britain and the First World War: Parliament, Empire and Commemoration
Published Monday, March 24, 2014 | Lords Library notes LLN-2014-013
The centenary of the start of the First World War will be marked in 2014. Britain entered the conflict in August 1914 and remained at war until November 1918.
Budget 2014: Reaction
Published Thursday, March 20, 2014 | Lords Library notes LLN-2014-012
This Library Note provides a brief summary of the key measures announced on 19 March 2014 in the Chancellor’s Budget Statement.
Debate on 20 March: The Level of Employment in the United Kingdom
Published Monday, March 17, 2014 | Lords Library notes LLN-2014-011
This House of Lords Library Note provides background information to employment figures in the United Kingdom, including how they are defined and some of the economic theories surrounding their levels.

Topic: Employment

Second Chambers
Published Monday, March 10, 2014 | Lords Library notes LLN-2014-010
This Library Note looks at bicameral legislatures in other parts of the world and provides an overview of some of the features of other second chambers, and how these compare to the current House of Lords.
House of Lords Reform (No 2) Bill (HL Bill 92 of 2013–14)
Published Friday, March 7, 2014 | Lords Library notes LLN-2014-009
The House of Lords Reform (No 2) Bill is a private members’ bill, which was introduced into the House of Commons on 19 June 2013. The Bill makes provision for retirement from the House of Lords, and for the expulsion of Members of the House of Lords in specified circumstances.
Debate on 6 March: The Contribution of Women to the Economy of the UK, to Mark International Women’s Day
Published Monday, March 3, 2014 | Lords Library notes LLN-2014-007
This Library Note provides background reading in advance of the debate in the House of Lords on the contribution of women to the economy of the UK, to mark International Women’s Day.
Debate on 27 February: Syria and the Middle East
Published Thursday, February 13, 2014 | Lords Library notes LLN-2014-006
This Library Note provides background reading in advance of the debate in the House of Lords on 27 February 2014 on recent developments in Syria and the Middle East.

Displaying 321-340 out of 527

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

POST

The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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