Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 361-380 out of 411

Debate on 25th February: Higher and Further Education Funding. LLN 2010/006
Published Monday, February 22, 2010 | Lords Library notes LLN-2010-006
Debate on 25th February: Higher and Further Education Funding. This Library Note aims to provide background reading for the debate to be held on Thursday 25th February: “To call attention to the consequences of the cuts to higher and further education funding that have been announced” This Note provides a snapshot of the UK higher and further education sector as it stands today, together with details of recent policy developments in these areas. It also gives details of the funding announcements made by the Government and the Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE) and the reaction to those announcements by the universities and colleges. Finally, the Note outlines some of the recent contributions to the debate on how higher education in particular should be funded.
Fiscal Responsibility Bill (HL Bill 24 of 2009–2010). LLN 2010/005
Published Friday, February 5, 2010 | Lords Library notes LLN-2010-005
Fiscal Responsibility Bill (HL Bill 24 of 2009–2010). The Fiscal Responsibility Bill imposes a statutory duty on the Treasury to meet specific targets for the reduction of government borrowing and debt. The Bill gives Parliament a greater role in fiscal policy. It has completed its passage through the House of Commons and is due for its second reading debate in the House of Lords on 10th February 2010. This House of Lords Library Note summarises the second reading debate and the other stages of the Bill’s passage through the House of Commons.
Debate on 4th February: the national security strategy. LLN 2010/004
Published Friday, January 29, 2010 | Lords Library notes LLN-2010-004
Debate on 4th February: the national security strategy. This Library Note aims to provide background reading for the debate to be held on Thursday 4th February: “To call attention to the United Kingdom’s National Security Strategy” This Note outlines the UK’s National Security Strategy, which was first published in March 2008 and updated in June 2009. It also gives details of the implementation of various new bodies and processes that have been established within the framework of the National Security Strategy, and considers the Strategy’simplications for the intelligence services and the military. Finally it outlines alternative national security strategies recently proposed by the Institute for Public Policy Research and the Conservative Party.
Debate on 28th January: the case For a fairer and more progressive tax system. LLN 2010/003
Published Friday, January 22, 2010 | Lords Library notes LLN-2010-003
Debate on 28th January: the case For a fairer and more progressive tax system This Library Note aims to provide background reading for the debate to be held on Thursday 28th January: “To call attention to the case for a fairer and more progressive tax system” This Note examines the differing perspectives recently put forward by interest groups and policy think-tanks on whether reforms should be introduced aimed at providing for a fairer and more progressive system of taxation in the UK.

Topic: Taxation

Debate on 21st January: prospects for nuclear disarmament and strengthening non-proliferation. LLN 2010/002
Published Friday, January 15, 2010 | Lords Library notes LLN-2010-002
Debate on 21st January: Prospects for Nuclear Disarmament and Strengthening Non-Proliferation. This Library Note aims to provide background reading for the Debate to be held on Thursday 21st January: “To call attention to the prospects for multi-lateral nuclear disarmament and for strengthening nuclear non-proliferation” The Non-Proliferation Treaty Review Conference will take place in May 2010. This Note summarises the main issues addressed in the Foreign Office information paper Lifting the Nuclear Shadow: Creating the Conditions for Abolishing Nuclear Weapons and the Government’s agenda for the Review Conference, as laid out in the Cabinet Office paper The Road to 2010: Addressing the Nuclear Question in the Twenty First Century. The Note also chronicles the main developments in the international community since the publication of these papers and summarises some of the contributions to the nuclear debate from a variety of sources, including the views of the UN Secretary General and the former Director of the International Atomic Energy Agency.
Debate on 14th January: The Copenhagen Conference on Climate Change. LLN 2010/001
Published Friday, January 8, 2010 | Lords Library notes LLN-2010-001
Debate on 14th January: The Copenhagen Conference on Climate Change. This Library Note aims to provide background reading for the debate to be held on Thursday 14th January: “To call attention to the outcome of the Copenhagen Conference on Climate Change” The UN Conference on Climate Change took place in Copenhagen from 7th–19th December 2009. This Note explains the significance of the Conference in the context of previous international agreements on climate change, sets out the major disagreements that marred the negotiating process in Copenhagen and summarises the key elements contained in the final Copenhagen Accord. It considers analysis of the Accord’s achievements and shortcomings, and summarises the reactions of key nations and interest groups.
Equality Bill (HL Bill 20 of 2009-10). LLN 2009/012
Published Thursday, December 10, 2009 | Lords Library notes LLN-2009-012
Equality Bill. House of Lords Library Note 2009/012

Topic: Equality

Cluster Munitions (Prohibitions) Bill. LLN 2009/011
Published Thursday, December 3, 2009 | Lords Library notes LLN-2009-011
Cluster Munitions (Prohibitions) Bill. House of Lords Library Note 2009/011. The Cluster Munitions (Prohibitions) Bill was introduced in the House of Lords on 19th November 2009, and is due to receive its second reading on 8th December. This Library Note provides background information on the use of cluster munitions; UK and international policy on their use; and the measures contained in the Bill.
House of Lords: expense allowances and costs. LLN 2009/009
Published Friday, November 20, 2009 | Lords Library notes LLN-2009-009
House of Lords: expense allowances and costs. House of Lords Library Note 2009/009. This House of Lords Library Note looks at the expense allowances that Peers have been able to claim since 1946. In particular, a chronology of key debates and motions is provided, as is a summary table of expense allowances. The second part of this Note provides a series of figures of the cost of the House of Lords since the Life Peerages Act 1958.
The Appellate Jurisdiction of the House of Lords (Updated November 2009). LLN 2009/010
Published Friday, November 20, 2009 | Lords Library notes LLN-2009-010
The Appellate Jurisdiction of the House of Lords (Updated November 2009). House of Lords Library Note 2009/010 From 1st October 2009 the appellate jurisdiction of the House of Lords was transferred to the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom under the Constitutional Reform Act 2005. This Library Note gives an account of the history of the appellate jurisdiction, its functioning in practice and describes the Supreme Court.
The Weatherill Amendment: Elected Hereditary Peers (updated October 2009)
Published Friday, October 23, 2009 | Lords Library notes LLN-2009-008
The House of Lords Bill 1998–99 sought to abolish the right of all hereditary peers to sit and vote in the House of Lords, and represented the most significant attempt to reform the House for some years. During the Lords consideration of the Bill, Lord Weatherill moved an amendment to allow 92 hereditary peers to remain as Members of the House. Thus the amendment, which was accepted in both Houses and became part of the House of Lords Act 1999, has become known as the ‘Weatherill amendment’. This Library Note provides a history of the amendment and outlines developments since 1999.
House of Lords Reform since 1997: a chronology (updated July 2009). LLN 2009/007
Published Friday, July 31, 2009 | Lords Library notes LLN-2009-007
House of Lords reform since 1997: a chronology (updated July 2009). House of Lords Library Note 2009/007.
Debate on 14th May 2009: the wellbeing of children and families. LLN 2009/006
Published Friday, May 8, 2009 | Lords Library notes LLN-2009-006
Debate on 14th May 2009: the wellbeing of children and families. House of Lords Library Note 2009/006
History of the House of Lords Library. LLN 2009/005
Published Wednesday, May 6, 2009 | Lords Library notes LLN-2009-005
History of the House of Lords Library. House of Lords Library Note 2009/005
Coroners and Justice Bill (HL Bill 33 of 2008-09). LLN 2009/004
Published Monday, April 20, 2009 | Lords Library notes LLN-2009-004
Coroners and Justice Bill. House of Lords Library Note 2009/004
The potential for nuclear proliferation: debate on 26th March 2009. LLN 2009/003
Published Friday, March 20, 2009 | Lords Library notes LLN-2009-003
The potential for nuclear proliferation. House of Lords Library Note 2009/003
Health Bill [HL] (HL Bill 18 of 2008-09) LLN 2009/002
Published Friday, January 30, 2009 | Lords Library notes LLN-2009-002
Health Bill. House of Lords Library Notes 2009/002
Geneva Conventions and United Nations Personnel (Protocols) Bill [HL]. LLN 2009/001
Published Friday, January 23, 2009 | Lords Library notes LLN-2009-001
Geneva Conventions and United Nations Personnel (Protocols) Bill [HL]. House of Lords Library Note 2009/001
Recent developments in India: debate on 18th December 2008. LLN 2008/020
Published Thursday, December 11, 2008 | Lords Library notes LLN-2008-020
Debate on 18th December 2008: Recent developments in India. House of Lords Library Note 2008/020
Peerage creations 1958-2008. LLN 2008/019
Published Thursday, July 24, 2008 | Lords Library notes LLN-2008-019
This Note presents detailed information on all peerage creations since the first list of life peers was published on 24th July 1958. It updates earlier Notes to the situation at 24th July 2008.

Displaying 361-380 out of 411

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The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

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The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

POST

The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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