Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 21-40 out of 85

House of Lords: Public Offices and Positions Held by Members
Published Tuesday, March 29, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0019
This House of Lords Library briefing presents lists of public offices and positions previously or currently held by Members of the House of Lords as at 23 March 2016.
House of Lords: Statistical Profile of Membership
Published Wednesday, March 23, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0017
This House of Lords Library briefing presents a range of information about the membership of the House of Lords as the House was composed on Friday 11 March 2016.
The Sovereign's Ceremonial and Formal Role in Parliament Today
Published Friday, March 4, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0011
On 9 September 2015, Queen Elizabeth II became the longest reigning sovereign in British history. This House of Lords Library briefing focuses on the Sovereign as part of the constitution of Parliament. It captures key aspects of the role of the Sovereign as it relates, in practice, to Parliament today, with an emphasis on the House of Lords. It does this through addressing a selection of the ceremonial and formal roles of the Sovereign: the State Opening of Parliament and its prorogation and dissolution; the calling of a new Parliament, in light of the Fixed-term Parliament Act 2011; Royal Commissions and royal assent; and Queen’s consent. The briefing also addresses a number of aspects of the Sovereign’s communications and relationship with Parliament more broadly, through Addresses and messages and the Palace of Westminster itself. It provides facts and figures relating to Queen Elizabeth II including: the number of Acts that have received Royal Assent during her reign, Addresses given by the Queen to both Houses in Westminster Hall, and the wording of Queen Elizabeth II’s first message to Parliament on her accession to the throne in 1952.
Peerage Creations: Appointments to the House of Lords since 1997
Published Wednesday, February 3, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0007
This House of Lords Library briefing provides details of the peerage creations under the prime ministers Tony Blair, Gordon Brown and David Cameron (up to 25 January 2016).
Size of the House of Lords
Published Friday, January 29, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0006
This Library Note provides statistics and background information on the changing size of the House of Lords since the 1992–93 session alongside commentary and debates on the subject of the House’s size over recent years.
Delegated Legislation in the House of Lords since 1997
Published Tuesday, January 5, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0001
This Lords Library briefing provides an overview of delegated legislation in the House of Lords since 1997.
Digital Democracy: Political Participation and Citizen Engagement through the Internet
Published Tuesday, October 13, 2015 | Lords Library notes LLN-2015-0035
This Library Note provides an overview of developments around citizens’ political engagement and participation through the internet. It has been written in light of the 2015 'Open Up' report by the Speaker’s Commission on Digital Democracy, which set five key targets for the House of Commons and made a number of recommendations to the administration and MPs in how to meet them. Reference to the report and its recommendations are referred to within.
Select Committees in the House of Lords
Published Wednesday, September 30, 2015 | Lords Library notes LLN-2015-0031
This Note considers committees in the House of Lords which deal with public matters.
The Governance and Administration of the House of Lords
Published Tuesday, September 8, 2015 | Lords Library notes LLN-2015-0027
This Note sets out how the House of Lords is structured, governed and managed, including joint working with the House of Commons.
Customs and Traditions in the House of Lords
Published Monday, August 24, 2015 | Lords Library notes LLN-2015-0025
This Lords Library briefing can now be found at: http://researchbriefings.parliament.uk/ResearchBriefing/Summary/LLN-2017-0050.
House of Lords: Party and Group Strengths and Voting
Published Thursday, July 23, 2015 | Lords Library notes LLN-2015-0023
This Library Note presents statistics on the relative size of the three largest political parties and the politically unaligned groups in the House of Lords. It also presents select statistics on voting behaviour in the House.
Women in the House of Lords
Published Tuesday, June 30, 2015 | Lords Library notes LLN-2015-0017
This Note provides a short history of women in the House of Lords, looking at the events which led to the first female Peers being permitted to sit in the House. It provides a list of ‘firsts’ for women in the House of Lords, and a list of women who have held significant office in the House.
House of Lords: Profile of Membership
Published Tuesday, June 2, 2015 | Lords Library notes LLN-2015-0012
This Library Note provides background information about the membership and age profile of the House of Lords, together with information on the public positions held by Members, as the House was composed on 30 March 2015—the date on which the 2010–15 Parliament was dissolved.
House of Lords: Maiden and Valedictory Speeches, 2010–2015
Published Thursday, May 21, 2015 | Lords Library notes LLN-2015-0011
The first and last speeches made by a Member of the House of Lords are significant occasions and, by tradition, are marked with respect by the House.
House of Lords Reform 2010–15
Published Wednesday, March 25, 2015 | Lords Library notes LLN-2015-009
This Note provides a summary of the proposals for reform of the House of Lords that were made during the 2010–15 parliament.
Principal Office Holders in the House of Lords
Published Thursday, March 19, 2015 | Lords Library notes LLN-2015-007
This Library Note provides a short overview of the role and functions of some of the key office holders in the House of Lords.
Retirement from the House of Lords
Published Friday, February 13, 2015 | Lords Library notes LLN-2015-005
This Note discusses the development of retirement provisions in the House of Lords, and considers additional proposals put forward by forums such as that have been raised by the Leader’s Group on Member’s Leaving the House and the House of Commons Political and Constitutional Reform Select Committee (for example, the possibility of introducing a compulsory retirement age). The Note also contains brief analysis and information on the eight Members that have taken voluntary retirement so far.
Lords Spiritual (Women) Bill (HL Bill 87 of 2014–15)
Published Tuesday, February 3, 2015 | Lords Library notes LLN-2015-002
The Lords Spiritual (Women) Bill would introduce time limited provisions to enable female diocesan bishops to be fast-tracked into the House of Lords as members of the Lords Spiritual. This Library Note provides a brief summary of the process by which English diocesan bishops are appointed to the House of Lords. It then discusses the provisions of the Lords Spiritual (Women) Bill and the Bill’s House of Commons Stages.
Size of the House of Lords
Published Friday, December 19, 2014 | Lords Library notes LLN-2014-045
As at 16 December 2014, the total membership of the House of Lords was 847. However, excluding those currently ineligible to sit (such as members on leave of absence or those holding particular posts), the ‘actual’ membership was 791. The average attendance of the House of Lords in the 2013–14 session was 497.
History of the House of Lords Library
Published Wednesday, December 3, 2014 | Lords Library notes LLN-2014-041
This Library Note contains a brief history of the Library from its foundation in 1826 to the present day.

Displaying 21-40 out of 85

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

POST

The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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