Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 21-40 out of 146

Legislating for Brexit: EU external agreements
Published Thursday, January 5, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7850
The EU has over 1,000 external agreements with other countries or organisations, many of which the individual Member States, as well as the EU, have ratified. Many of them concern trade but they cover a range of policy areas and it is not clear what Brexit will mean for the UK's participation in these agreements.
Social Indicators 2016
Published Friday, December 9, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7381
This Commons Library research briefing summarises a wide range of social statistics. Subjects covered include agriculture, crime, defence, education, elections, environment and energy, health, housing, local government, population and migration, social security and transport.
Paris Agreement and Marrakech Climate Conference
Published Friday, November 25, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7718
Update on the Paris Climate Agreement ratification and the Marrakesh Climate Conference that took place in November 2016.
Carbon Price Floor
Published Wednesday, November 23, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN05927
An updated brief on the Carbon Floor Price and the Government's freeze of Carbon Price Support until 2021. Further details for beyond 2021 were expected in Autumn Statement 2016. No announcements were made, instead the Government will continue to consider appropriate measures for the 2020's
Greenhouse gas emissions (UK): Social Indicators page
Published Monday, November 7, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN03950
Trends in UK greenhouse gas emissions.
Grouse shooting
Published Thursday, October 27, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7709
Grouse shooting takes place on moorlands managed for the birds. The Government believes that grouse shooting makes a significant economic, social and environmental contribution. However, others are concerned that grouse moor management is leading to environmental damage and the illegal killing of birds of prey. Two public petitions have been launched on this matter, on both sides of the argument. The Petitions Committee took evidence from witnesses on 18 October 2016, and a debate is scheduled for 31 October 2016.
Leaving the European Union: Environment and Climate Change
Published Thursday, October 13, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0050
On 20 October 2016, the House of Lords will debate the future of environmental and climate change policy in the light of the EU referendum. This House of Lords Library briefing provides an overview of a selection of European legislation which relates to the environment and climate change, and outlines how it has been implemented in the UK. The briefing also briefly discusses the EU’s international commitments to reducing greenhouse gas emissions. This briefing does not provide an analysis of the potential impacts of the UK leaving the EU. However, it does include a selection of recent statements made by the Government on these issues.
The weather in the home countries: Social Indicators page
Published Wednesday, October 12, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN04319
2014 was the warmest year on record for the UK -what exactly was the weather like over the past 12 months?
The Paris Climate Change Conference
Published Tuesday, September 27, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7393
The Paris Climate Conference in December 2015 reached agreement, to be implemented in 2020, to keep global increases in temperature well below 2 °C. The UK has signed the Agreement, and momentum is increasing for ratification in 2016.
Brexit: impact across policy areas
Published Friday, August 26, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7213
This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the situation in a range of policy areas and considers what impact Brexit might have. This will depend, among other things, on the Brexit negotiations, whether the UK stays in the European Economic Area and how the Government fills any policy gaps left by withdrawal.
Commons Library Analysis: Energy: The Renewables Obligation
Published Friday, July 22, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN05870
The Renewables Obligation has provided financial support for large scale renewable electricity. Some elements of the scheme have already closed and it will close in 2017 as part of Electricty Market Reform, to be replaced by Contracts for Difference.
Commons Library analysis: Energy Storage in the UK
Published Thursday, July 21, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7621
Energy storage is expected to play an increasing role in managing an increasingly decentralised electricity grid in the next few years.
Commons Library Analysis: UK Fifth Carbon Budget
Published Thursday, July 14, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7555
The Government has to set the UK Fifth Carbon Budget for 2028-2032 and decide whether to follow the advice from the Committee on Climate Change. The draft Carbon Budget Order 2016 is to be considered by the 3rd Delegated Legislation Committee on 18 July 2016.
Sources of Statistics: Environment
Published Wednesday, July 13, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN07123
This introductory guide provides sources of statistics on the environment.
Sources of Statistics: Energy
Published Wednesday, July 13, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN03841
This introductory guide provides sources of statistics on energy in the UK.
Energy Policy Overview
Published Friday, June 24, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7582
This note provides an overview of the current Government's energy policy.
Zero Carbon Homes
Published Tuesday, May 10, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN06678
Proposals for zero carbon homes and the Government's decision not to proceed with the scheme announced in July 2015
Carbon Footprint of Heat Generation
Published Tuesday, May 3, 2016 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0523
Heat Policy takes into account the carbon footprint of different heating technologies. This POSTnote summarises evidence about the carbon footprints of current and emerging heating technologies in the domestic, commercial and industrial sectors. It then outlines wider considerations for heat policy and broad assessments of the ‘best’ way to reduce emissions from heating.
Feed-in Tariffs
Published Monday, March 21, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN06200
Feed-in Tariffs are available as an incentive for small-scale renewables. The Government has completed a Review of the Scheme in December 2015.
British Summer Time
Published Thursday, March 10, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN03796
For a number of years there have been calls to change clock times in the UK, so that more daylight would be experienced in the evenings rather than mornings throughout the year. The issue continues to be regularly raised in Parliament. This Briefing Paper provides an overview of the pros and cons of British Summer Time and proposals for further changes to clock times. It also summarises recent legislative attempts to change clock times in the UK.

Displaying 21-40 out of 146

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The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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