Rising Sea Levels
Published Thursday, June 15, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0555
Sea level rise increases the frequency and severity of coastal flooding and rates of coastal erosion. Sea level rise will continue far beyond the 21st century, even if global temperature increase is limited to 2°C above pre-industrial levels. This POSTnote sets out the causes and likely future levels of sea level rise and its implications. It updates POSTnote 363 on Sea Level Rise, published in September 2010.
Projecting Future Sea Level Rise
Published Thursday, June 15, 2017 | POSTbriefs POST-PB-0025
This POSTbrief sets out the causes, likely future levels and implications of sea level rise.
EU Agencies and post-Brexit options
Published Friday, April 28, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7957
What are EU agencies and what do they do? Will the UK be able to participate in their activities after Brexit? And what will happen to the two that are based in the UK? This paper looks at the roles and functions of EU agencies, the issues surrounding the two UK-based agencies, and whether there are options for continued UK participation after Brexit.
Topics: Administration of justice, Animals, Asylum, Aviation, Climate change, Common Agricultural Policy, Companies, Consumers, Crime, Criminal law, Defence policy, Diseases, Energy, Environmental protection, EU external relations, EU institutions, EU law and treaties, Europe, Financial institutions, Financial services, Fisheries, Food, Further education, Health education and preventive medicine, Higher education, Human rights, Immigration, Industrial health and safety, Industrial relations, Industry, Information technology, Intelligence services, International law, International organisations, Media, Medicine, Pensions, Railways, Regulation, Research and innovation, Science, Terrorism, Training
Shale gas and fracking
Published Thursday, April 13, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN06073
The regulatory regime for fracking in the UK is covered in this note along with comment on environmental concerns. It also covers the new access provisions and debate on fracking in during the Infrastructure Bill’s passage through Parliament.
Legislating for Brexit: EU directives
Published Wednesday, April 5, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7943
What are EU directives and what will happen to them when the UK leaves the EU? This paper looks at EU directives in force and how they are implemented in the UK. This will give some idea of the task ahead for UK legislators.
Topics: Administration of justice, Agriculture, Animals, Asylum, Aviation, Benefits policy, Business support, Central government, Climate change, Common Agricultural Policy, Companies, Competition, Consumers, Countryside, Crime, Criminal law, Cultural heritage, Devolution, Diseases, Employment, Energy, Environmental protection, Equality, EU institutions, EU law and treaties, Europe, Financial services, Firearms, Fisheries, Food, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Forestry, Health education and preventive medicine, Health finance, Health services, Health staff and professions, Higher education, Human rights, Immigration, Industrial health and safety, Industrial relations, Industry, Insolvency, Intellectual property, International economic relations, International law, International organisations, International trade, Legislative process, Medicine, Parliament, Patient rights and complaints, Pensions, Pollution, Postal services, Privacy, Railways, Regulation, Research and innovation, Roads, Security industry, Shipping, Small businesses, Standards, Students, Taxation, Terrorism, Training, Utilities, Waste management, Water
The Renewable Heat Incentive
Published Monday, April 3, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN06328
The Renewable Heat Incentive aims to support households and businesses to generate renewable heat for their buildings. Several changes are being made to the scheme in 2017
ECO, the Energy Company Obligation
Published Wednesday, March 29, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN06814
This Commons Briefing paper sets out the details of the Government’s Energy Company Obligation scheme that provides funding for energy efficiency measures for difficult to treat homes and the homes of ‘those most in need.’
Future Energy Efficiency Policy
Published Monday, February 27, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0550
This POSTnote outlines the benefits and costs of future improvements in energy efficiency across various UK sectors. It then describes the barriers to energy efficiency measures, outlines options for future energy efficiency policy and summarises analyses of the effectiveness of different policy options.
Greenhouse Gas Removal
Published Friday, February 3, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0549
The 2015 Paris Agreement called for a balance between sources of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions and their removal by 2100 to halt global temperature rise. This POSTnote explains why Greenhouse Gas Removal (GGR) techniques may be required to achieve this goal, outlines the benefits of and concerns about them, and considers policy options.
Green Investment Bank: Proposed Sale
Published Tuesday, January 24, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN05977
A Commons Library Briefing on the creation of the Green Investment Bank by the Government and the ongoing debate around its proposed privatisation.
UK decarbonisation and carbon capture and storage
Published Monday, January 23, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0023
This Debate pack has been prepared for the debate on UK decarbonisation and carbon capture and storage to take place in Westminster Hall on Tuesday 24 January 2017 at 2:30pm. The subject for debate has been chosen by Philip Boswell, MP for Coatbridge, Chryston and Bellshill.
Legislating for Brexit: EU external agreements
Published Thursday, January 5, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7850
The EU has over 1,000 external agreements with other countries or organisations, many of which the individual Member States, as well as the EU, have ratified. Many of them concern trade but they cover a range of policy areas and it is not clear what Brexit will mean for the UK's participation in these agreements.
Topics: Climate change, EU external relations, EU law and treaties, International law, International organisations, International politics and government, Latin America, Legislative process, Middle East, North America, Overseas territories
Paris Agreement and Marrakech Climate Conference
Published Friday, November 25, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7718
Update on the Paris Climate Agreement ratification and the Marrakesh Climate Conference that took place in November 2016.
Published Thursday, October 27, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7709
Grouse shooting takes place on moorlands managed for the birds. The Government believes that grouse shooting makes a significant economic, social and environmental contribution. However, others are concerned that grouse moor management is leading to environmental damage and the illegal killing of birds of prey. Two public petitions have been launched on this matter, on both sides of the argument. The Petitions Committee took evidence from witnesses on 18 October 2016, and a debate is scheduled for 31 October 2016.
Topics: Agriculture, Agriculture and environment, Biodiversity, Climate change, Common Agricultural Policy, Countryside, Environmental protection, Flooding, Food, Nature conservation, Wildlife
Leaving the European Union: Environment and Climate Change
Published Thursday, October 13, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0050
On 20 October 2016, the House of Lords will debate the future of environmental and climate change policy in the light of the EU referendum. This House of Lords Library briefing provides an overview of a selection of European legislation which relates to the environment and climate change, and outlines how it has been implemented in the UK. The briefing also briefly discusses the EU’s international commitments to reducing greenhouse gas emissions. This briefing does not provide an analysis of the potential impacts of the UK leaving the EU. However, it does include a selection of recent statements made by the Government on these issues.
The Paris Climate Change Conference
Published Tuesday, September 27, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7393
The Paris Climate Conference in December 2015 reached agreement, to be implemented in 2020, to keep global increases in temperature well below 2 °C. The UK has signed the Agreement, and momentum is increasing for ratification in 2016.
Brexit: impact across policy areas
Published Friday, August 26, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7213
This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the situation in a range of policy areas and considers what impact Brexit might have. This will depend, among other things, on the Brexit negotiations, whether the UK stays in the European Economic Area and how the Government fills any policy gaps left by withdrawal.
Topics: Administration of justice, Agriculture, Arts, Aviation, Business support, Civil law, Climate change, Common Agricultural Policy, Companies, Competition, Consumers, Criminal law, Defence equipment and procurement, Defence policy, Economic and monetary union, Economic policy, Economic situation, Employment, Energy, Environmental protection, EU budget, EU defence policy, EU enlargement, EU external relations, EU grants and loans, EU institutions, EU law and treaties, EU political integration, Europe, Financial institutions, Financial services, Fisheries, Health services, Health staff and professions, Higher education, Housing benefits, Human rights, Immigration, Industrial health and safety, Industrial relations, Industry, International development, International economic relations, International law, International organisations, International trade, Media, Medicine, Military operations, Nationality, Patient rights and complaints, Pensions, Pollution, Railways, Regulation, Research and innovation, Shipping, Sports and Olympic Games, Standards, Students, Taxation, Terrorism, Waste management, Water
Commons Library Analysis: Energy: The Renewables Obligation
Published Friday, July 22, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN05870
The Renewables Obligation has provided financial support for large scale renewable electricity. Some elements of the scheme have already closed and it will close in 2017 as part of Electricty Market Reform, to be replaced by Contracts for Difference.
Commons Library analysis: Energy Storage in the UK
Published Thursday, July 21, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7621
Energy storage is expected to play an increasing role in managing an increasingly decentralised electricity grid in the next few years.
Sources of Statistics: Environment
Published Wednesday, July 13, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN07123
This introductory guide provides sources of statistics on the environment.