Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

Find a briefing paper
  1. Close


    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
  2. Close


    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 21-40 out of 272

25-year environment plan
Published Wednesday, January 17, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8196
The Government published its 25-year plan to improve the environment on 11 January 2018. This briefing paper provides an overview and background to the plan, picks out key themes and commitments, and provides a summary of stakeholder reaction.
Topics of Interest 2018
Published Monday, January 8, 2018 | POSTbriefs POST-PB-0027
This list sets out the topic areas identified of possible parliamentary interest under the 9 different category headings (Agriculture, Fisheries, Food and Forestry, Crime, Defence, Education and Skills, Energy, Environment, Health, ICT and Robotics and Transport and Infrastructure).
Carbon Price Floor (CPF) and the price support mechanism
Published Monday, January 8, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN05927
This Commons Library Briefing Paper provides an overview of the introduction of a Carbon Floor Price and the Government's freeze of Carbon Price Support until 2021. The Government confirmed the price support would continue until coal was phased out.
Bovine TB and badger culling: devolved administrations
Published Wednesday, December 20, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8188
A summary of the approach to the control of bovine TB (bTB), including badger culling, in the devolved administrations.
Impact of the Trade in Ivory on Endangered Species
Published Friday, December 15, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0101
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate on 21 December 2017 on the following motion moved by Lord Carrington (Conservative) “that this House takes note of the impact of the trade in ivory on endangered species, and of the efforts being made to eliminate that trade while protecting the cultural heritage of antique ivory”.
Nuisance complaints
Published Thursday, November 30, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8040
This House of Commons Library briefing paper provides an overview of options for dealing with nuisance together with Government guidance and relevant legislation on various types of nuisance.
Natural Environment and Animal Welfare
Published Thursday, November 30, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0088
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been written ahead of the debate in the House of Lords on 7 December 2017, that: “this House takes note of Her Majesty’s Government’s plans to improve the natural environment and animal welfare”.
Cornwall's dark sky status
Published Tuesday, November 28, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0241
This pack has been produced ahead of the debate to be held in Westminster Hall on Wednesday 29 November 2017 from 4.30-5.30 on Cornwall's dark sky status. The debate will be opened by Sheryll Murray MP.
Flood risk management and funding
Published Wednesday, November 22, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7514
This is a House of Commons Library Briefing Paper providing an overview of national flood defence spending; how flood defence funding works; and who manages flood risk in England. The possible impact of Brexit is also discussed.
Green Belt
Published Friday, November 17, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN00934
This briefing from the House of Commons library examines some of the controversy about the Green Belt in England and how policy towards the Green Belt might change.
Environmental Earth Observation
Published Wednesday, November 15, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0566
Earth observation (EO) is the process of gathering information about the Earth from a range of sensors to provide monitoring data at a range of scales. This POSTnote outlines some of the environmental uses and benefits of EO data, the potential opportunities from advances in relevant technologies and challenges facing the effective use of EO data.
UK's role in degradation of the marine environment
Published Tuesday, November 14, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0225
MPs will debate the UK's role in degradation of the marine environment from 2.30 to 4pm on Tuesday 14 November 2017. The debate will take place in Westminster Hall and be led by Barry Sheerman MP.
The UK bee population
Published Friday, November 10, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0226
This pack has been prepared ahead of the debate to be held in Westminster Hall on Tuesday 14 November 2017 from 4.30-5.30pm on the UK bee population. The debate will be opened by Alex Chalk MP.
Impact of Air and Water Pollution on the Environment and Public Health
Published Monday, October 23, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0073
This Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate scheduled to take place in the House of Lords on 26 October 2017 on the impact of air and water pollution on the environment and public health.
Energy Smart Meters
Published Friday, October 20, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8119
Between now and 2020 more than 50 million new energy ‘smart meters’ are being rolled out to 30 million homes and smaller non-domestic sites in Great Britain.
Bovine Tuberculosis Statistics: Great Britain
Published Monday, October 16, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN06081
In 2016 there were 4,505 new herd incidents of bovine tuberculosis (TB) in Great Britain, and 39,364 animals were slaughtered due to bovine TB. This briefing paper presents statistics on the incidence of bovine TB in Great Britain.
Energy bills and proposals for reform
Published Thursday, October 5, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8081
During her speech to the Conservative party conference on 4 October 2017, the Prime Minister Theresa May announced that the Government would publish a Draft Bill to put a price cap on energy bills. There has been a mixed response to this announcement. Energy UK, the industry trade body, said the cap could interfere with competition and instead advocated energy efficiency measures. Whereas, Citizens advice welcomed the plans as a potential “solution to runaway energy costs.”
Glyphosate: Controversy surrounding the EU's re-approval of the pesticide
Published Wednesday, August 2, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8066
Glyphosate's re-approval for use in the EU has been a topic of fierce debate in the last few years and has been subject to delays as a range of scientific evidence has been considered regarding potential health risks.
Commons Library analysis: Bees and neonicotinoids
Published Thursday, July 20, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN06656
This briefing concentrates on the interaction between bees and a group of insecticides - known as neonicotinoids - which have been in the spotlight after a number of studies yielded evidence (although much of that evidence is contested) of sub-lethal, harmful effects on bees. In July 2015, the UK Government granted an emergency authorisation for the use of restricted neonicotinoids on oil seed rape seeds in four English counties. Similar application for emergency authorisations for 2016 and 2017 were rejected.
Urban Green Infrastructure and Ecosystem Services
Published Tuesday, July 18, 2017 | POSTbriefs POST-PB-0026
This brief provides an overview of the ecosystem service contributions of urban biodiversity and green infrastructure and the challenges for improving their provision - complementing POSTnote 538 on Green Space and Health.

Displaying 21-40 out of 272

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.


The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

Stay up to date

  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts Commons Briefing papers
  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts Lords In Focus
  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts Lords Library notes
  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts POSTnotes
  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts POSTbriefs