Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 21-40 out of 78

European Union: Prime Ministers' Speeches and Party Manifestos since 1970
Published Tuesday, March 15, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0015
This House of Lords Library briefing outlines some of the key statements on Europe made by Prime Ministers since 1970 and reproduces the manifesto commitments made at general elections by each party over the same period.
Schengen Agreement: A Short History
Published Monday, March 7, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0013
This House of Lords Library briefing sets out a short history of the Schengen Agreement and provides a timeline for major events in its development. It also provides further information on recent developments, including the temporary reintroduction of border controls by member states in response to recent increases in refugees and migrants from outside of the Schengen Area and in response to the terror attacks in Paris in November 2015.
Debate Pack: European Affairs
Published Tuesday, February 23, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0048
The House of Commons Library prepares a briefing in hard copy and/or online for most non-legislative debates in the Chamber and Westminster Hall other than half-hour debates.  Debate Packs are produced quickly after the announcement of parliamentary business. They are intended to provide a summary or overview of the issue being debated and identify relevant briefings and useful documents, including press and parliamentary material. More detailed briefing can be prepared for Members on request to the Library.
EU referendum: UK’s EU reform negotiations and the Tusk package
Published Tuesday, February 9, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7497
This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the Prime Minister’s proposals for EU reform, which he set out in a letter to the President of the European Council, Donald Tusk, in November 2015, concerning four broad areas: economic governance, competitiveness, sovereignty and free movement. It also looks at Donald Tusk’s package of draft texts to address UK concerns, their implications and prospects for agreement.
Parliamentary sovereignty and EU renegotiation
Published Tuesday, February 2, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0033
This is a Debate Pack for the debate on 'Parliamentary sovereignty and EU renegotiations' on Thursday 4 February 2016. Debate Packs are collections of parliamentary and other relevant material produced for most non-legislative debates in the Chamber and Westminster Hall, other than half-hour adjournment debates.
EU referendum: reform negotiations June to December 2015
Published Wednesday, December 30, 2015 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7311
This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the Prime Minister’s proposed reforms, the launch of the UK reform agenda at the European Council in June 2015 and EU institutional initiatives of relevance to the Government's reform agenda. It also considers the level of support for the UK from other EU Member States, the role – if any - of the devolved administrations in the negotiations, public opinion, the referendum campaigns and other recent developments.
European Union Referendum Bill 2015-16: Progress of the Bill
Published Friday, December 11, 2015 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7249
This House of Commons Library paper summarises the progress of the European Union Referendum Bill 2015-16 through Parliament. The Bill received its Second Reading in the House of Commons on 9 June 2015 and progressed through Committee stage on 16 and 18 June 2015. Report stage and Third Reading took place on 7 September 2015. The Bill returned from the House of Lords on 1 December 2015.
"Ever Closer Union" in the EU Treaties and Court of Justice case law
Published Monday, November 16, 2015 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7230
"Ever closer union" is an EU aim and is enshrined in the EU Treaties. David Cameron wanted to exempt the UK from it, and this has been achieved in the new settlement for the UK in the EU. This note looks at the background to “ever closer union”, its survival through several Treaty changes and its use by the EU Court of Justice.
European Union Referendum Bill
Published Thursday, October 8, 2015 | Lords Library notes LLN-2015-0033
This Library Note provides background reading for the European Union Referendum Bill, debated ay second reading in the House of Lords on 13 October 2015.
The 1974-75 UK Renegotiation of EEC Membership and Referendum
Published Monday, July 13, 2015 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7253
Why did the UK Government decide to renegotiate the UK's terms of EEC membership in 1974-75? What was the outcome of the negotiations and what did the Referendum Bill say? This briefing looks at the Labour Government's renegotiation and indicates where there are parallels with the present Government's renegotiation agenda.
European Union Referendum Bill 2015-16
Published Wednesday, June 3, 2015 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7212
The European Union Referendum Bill 2015-16 requires the holding of a referendum on the UK’s EU membership before the end of 2017. This paper provides information about the provisions in the Bill.
Reforming the EU: UK plans, proposals and prospects
Published Monday, March 16, 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN07138
Prime Minister David Cameron would like to reform the EU and renegotiate the UK’s relationship with it, before holding an in/out referendum in 2017 if a Conservative government is elected in May 2015. The UK’s new relationship with the EU would be put to the electorate, who would decide whether the UK should remain in the EU under new terms or be the first Member State to leave the EU. This Note looks at what the Government is doing to tackle some of the perceived weaknesses of EU policy and procedures and looks at prospects for future reform.
The UK in the European Union: in brief
Published Monday, December 15, 2014 | Commons Briefing papers SN07060
What has happended in the European Economic Community since the UK joined in 1973?
Main Treaty amendments since the UK joined the EEC
Published Tuesday, December 9, 2014 | Commons Briefing papers SN07055
Many argue that the EU is a far cry from what the UK signed up to in 1973. This note looks at the major Treaty changes since the UK joined the EEC in 1973.
The UK block opt-out in police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters: recent developments
Published Monday, November 10, 2014 | Commons Briefing papers SN06930
The UK Government would like to opt back into 35 measures in the area of police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters adopted before the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, but will the other EU Member States agree unanimously on this? Will the Government manage to get approval for the draft regulations published on 6 November which complete the transposition of 11 of the 35 opt-back-ins?
A new Commission President in 2014
Published Tuesday, June 24, 2014 | Commons Briefing papers SN06922
Will David Cameron succeed in blocking the nomination of Jean-Claude Juncker for European Commission President? Juncker has the support of most Member State governments but the UK Prime Minister thinks he is too integrationist and would not implement necessary reforms.
European Union (Referendum) Bill and the Parliament Acts
Published Wednesday, June 18, 2014 | Commons Briefing papers SN06912
The European Union (Referendum) Bill could be presented for Royal Assent under the Parliament Acts 1911 and 1949 if it is passed by the House of Commons and rejected again by the House of Lords.
Democratic Legitimacy and the EU: reading list
Published Tuesday, April 29, 2014 | Commons Briefing papers SN06871
Is the European Union democratic? There is a vast amount of academic literature and a range of political views on the subject of the EU’s democratic legitimacy and how it might be improved.

Displaying 21-40 out of 78

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

POST

The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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