Rising Sea Levels
Published Thursday, June 15, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0555
Sea level rise increases the frequency and severity of coastal flooding and rates of coastal erosion. Sea level rise will continue far beyond the 21st century, even if global temperature increase is limited to 2°C above pre-industrial levels. This POSTnote sets out the causes and likely future levels of sea level rise and its implications. It updates POSTnote 363 on Sea Level Rise, published in September 2010.
Projecting Future Sea Level Rise
Published Thursday, June 15, 2017 | POSTbriefs POST-PB-0025
This POSTbrief sets out the causes, likely future levels and implications of sea level rise.
Global Health Inequalities
Published Tuesday, May 2, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0553
A POSTnote which reviews trends in global health inequalities in the context of the transition from the Millennium Development Goals to Sustainable Development Goals.
EU Agencies and post-Brexit options
Published Friday, April 28, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7957
What are EU agencies and what do they do? Will the UK be able to participate in their activities after Brexit? And what will happen to the two that are based in the UK? This paper looks at the roles and functions of EU agencies, the issues surrounding the two UK-based agencies, and whether there are options for continued UK participation after Brexit.
Topics: Administration of justice, Animals, Asylum, Aviation, Climate change, Common Agricultural Policy, Companies, Consumers, Crime, Criminal law, Defence policy, Diseases, Energy, Environmental protection, EU external relations, EU institutions, EU law and treaties, Europe, Financial institutions, Financial services, Fisheries, Food, Further education, Health education and preventive medicine, Higher education, Human rights, Immigration, Industrial health and safety, Industrial relations, Industry, Information technology, Intelligence services, International law, International organisations, Media, Medicine, Pensions, Railways, Regulation, Research and innovation, Science, Terrorism, Training
Published Monday, April 24, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0552
Quantum Technologies use the behaviour of matter and light that is normally only observed at very small scales. This POSTnote introduces recent advances, applications, and UK initiatives to support their development and commercialisation. It also reviews policy concerns such as privacy, access to new technologies and secure communications.
Topics: Armed forces, Arms control, Aviation, Companies, Defence equipment and procurement, Defence expenditure, Defence policy, Economic policy, Employment, EU budget, European Commission, Industry, Intellectual property, International trade, Medicine, Research and innovation, Roads, Science, Utilities, Water
Shale gas and fracking
Published Thursday, April 13, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN06073
The regulatory regime for fracking in the UK is covered in this note along with comment on environmental concerns. It also covers the new access provisions and debate on fracking in during the Infrastructure Bill’s passage through Parliament.
Legislating for Brexit: EU directives
Published Wednesday, April 5, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7943
What are EU directives and what will happen to them when the UK leaves the EU? This paper looks at EU directives in force and how they are implemented in the UK. This will give some idea of the task ahead for UK legislators.
Topics: Administration of justice, Agriculture, Animals, Asylum, Aviation, Benefits policy, Business support, Central government, Climate change, Common Agricultural Policy, Companies, Competition, Consumers, Countryside, Crime, Criminal law, Cultural heritage, Devolution, Diseases, Employment, Energy, Environmental protection, Equality, EU institutions, EU law and treaties, Europe, Financial services, Firearms, Fisheries, Food, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Forestry, Health education and preventive medicine, Health finance, Health services, Health staff and professions, Higher education, Human rights, Immigration, Industrial health and safety, Industrial relations, Industry, Insolvency, Intellectual property, International economic relations, International law, International organisations, International trade, Legislative process, Medicine, Parliament, Patient rights and complaints, Pensions, Pollution, Postal services, Privacy, Railways, Regulation, Research and innovation, Roads, Security industry, Shipping, Small businesses, Standards, Students, Taxation, Terrorism, Training, Utilities, Waste management, Water
The Renewable Heat Incentive
Published Monday, April 3, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN06328
The Renewable Heat Incentive aims to support households and businesses to generate renewable heat for their buildings. Several changes are being made to the scheme in 2017
ECO, the Energy Company Obligation
Published Wednesday, March 29, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN06814
This Commons Briefing paper sets out the details of the Government’s Energy Company Obligation scheme that provides funding for energy efficiency measures for difficult to treat homes and the homes of ‘those most in need.’
Telecommunications Infrastructure: Cabling, Ducts and Poles
Published Monday, March 27, 2017 | POSTbriefs POST-PB-0024
This briefing gives an overview of the UK’s telephone and broadband infrastructure. It covers fixed (static) broadband infrastructure (rather than wireless technologies). It includes an introduction to poles and ducts, and how they can be accessed by other Internet service providers who are wanting to build their own telecommunications infrastructure.
Published Thursday, March 9, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7464
On the 21 February 2017, the Government published a Draft Spaceflight Bill to "provide for the creation of a regulatory framework to enable commercial spaceflight activities to be carried out from spaceports in the United Kingdom".
Future Energy Efficiency Policy
Published Monday, February 27, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0550
This POSTnote outlines the benefits and costs of future improvements in energy efficiency across various UK sectors. It then describes the barriers to energy efficiency measures, outlines options for future energy efficiency policy and summarises analyses of the effectiveness of different policy options.
Greenhouse Gas Removal
Published Friday, February 3, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0549
The 2015 Paris Agreement called for a balance between sources of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions and their removal by 2100 to halt global temperature rise. This POSTnote explains why Greenhouse Gas Removal (GGR) techniques may be required to achieve this goal, outlines the benefits of and concerns about them, and considers policy options.
New Plant Breeding Techniques
Published Wednesday, February 1, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0548
This note outlines some of the new plant breeding techniques developed recently and looks at their applications and the regulatory challenges they raise
Green Investment Bank: Proposed Sale
Published Tuesday, January 24, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN05977
A Commons Library Briefing on the creation of the Green Investment Bank by the Government and the ongoing debate around its proposed privatisation.
UK decarbonisation and carbon capture and storage
Published Monday, January 23, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0023
This Debate pack has been prepared for the debate on UK decarbonisation and carbon capture and storage to take place in Westminster Hall on Tuesday 24 January 2017 at 2:30pm. The subject for debate has been chosen by Philip Boswell, MP for Coatbridge, Chryston and Bellshill.
UK Trends in Infectious Disease
Published Monday, January 23, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0545
This POSTnote looks at recent UK trends in infectious disease, with a focus on those infections for which vaccines are not yet available, and where the development of antimicrobial resistance is a serious concern.
Published Monday, January 9, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0544
A POSTnote that considers current approaches to promoting integrity in research.
Legislating for Brexit: EU external agreements
Published Thursday, January 5, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7850
The EU has over 1,000 external agreements with other countries or organisations, many of which the individual Member States, as well as the EU, have ratified. Many of them concern trade but they cover a range of policy areas and it is not clear what Brexit will mean for the UK's participation in these agreements.
Topics: Climate change, EU external relations, EU law and treaties, International law, International organisations, International politics and government, Latin America, Legislative process, Middle East, North America, Overseas territories
Exiting the EU and science and research
Published Wednesday, December 14, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0252
This Commons Library Debate pack has been prepared for the general debate on Exiting the EU and science and research to take place in the Chamber on Monday 19 December 2016 at approximately 3:30pm.