Social Indicators 2017
Published Monday, November 27, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7381
This Commons Library research briefing summarises a wide range of social statistics. Subjects covered include agriculture, crime, defence, education, elections, environment and energy, health, housing, local government, population and migration, social security and transport.
Topics: Church and state, Administration of justice, Agriculture, Alcoholism, Armed forces, Asylum, Benefits policy, Central government, Civil Service, Climate change, Crime, Criminal law, Crown, Defence equipment and procurement, Defence policy, Devolution, Elections, Empty property, Energy, Ethnic groups, Further education, Health finance, Health services, Health staff and professions, Higher education, Housing, Housing adaptations, Immigration, Local government, Obesity, Ofsted, Organic farming, Overcrowding, Parliament, Pensions, Political parties, Population, Prisons, Railways, Regeneration, Religion and faith communities, Religious discrimination, Research and innovation, Roads, Schools, Speaker, Sustainable development, Teachers, Vaccination, Voluntary organisations
Regulating Advanced Therapies
Published Friday, November 17, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0567
A POSTnote which explains what advanced therapies are and how they can benefit patients, and gives an overview of the current regulatory framework and how this might change after Brexit.
Decarbonising the Gas Network
Published Wednesday, November 15, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0565
The burning of natural gas for heating contributes 14% of the UK’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Decarbonising, or reducing the carbon content of the UK gas supply is one option for reducing the emissions from heating. This POSTnote looks at the contribution that two alternative gases, hydrogen and biomethane, could make in achieving this goal.
Environmental Earth Observation
Published Wednesday, November 15, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0566
Earth observation (EO) is the process of gathering information about the Earth from a range of sensors to provide monitoring data at a range of scales. This POSTnote outlines some of the environmental uses and benefits of EO data, the potential opportunities from advances in relevant technologies and challenges facing the effective use of EO data.
Agriculture, Fisheries and the Rural Economy
Published Monday, October 30, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0076
This House of Lords Library briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate in the House of Lords on the new opportunities and challenges for agriculture, fisheries and the rural economy in the United Kingdom on 2 November 2017.
Carbon Capture and Storage
Published Wednesday, October 18, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0188
A Westminster Hall debate on the "Carbon Capture and Storage" is scheduled for Thursday 19 October 2017 at 1.30pm. The Member leading the debate is Simon Clarke MP.
Regulating Clinical Trials
Published Monday, October 2, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0561
This POSTnote describes the new EU Clinical Trial Regulation and the timetable for its implementation and examines its likely impact on the regulation of clinical trials in the UK post-Brexit.
Online Information and Fake News
Published Wednesday, July 12, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0559
Internet search engines and social media platforms are an increasingly popular way of accessing news and information. In 2017, the proportion of UK adults consuming news online exceeded those who watched news on TV (74% versus 69%). This note considers how people access news online, how algorithms (sequences of instructions) and social networks influence the content that users see, and options for mitigating any negative impact.
Topics: Adult education, Broadcasting, Central government, Information technology, Intellectual property, Internet and cybercrime, Media, Political parties, Press, Schools, Science, Telecommunications
Supply of Medical Radioisotopes
Published Tuesday, July 11, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0558
A POSTnote that highlights the critical role of radioactive isotopes used in medicine, and outlines the challenges for the UK in ensuring their future supply.
Air Quality in London
Published Wednesday, June 28, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0035
This House of Lords Library briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate scheduled to take place in the House of Lords on 3 July on the case for improving air quality in London. It provides an overview of the regulation of air pollution, the impact of air pollution on health and plans by the Government and the Mayor of London to improve air quality.
Queen's Speech 2017 Day 2: Business, Economic Affairs, Transport, Energy, Environment and Agriculture
Published Monday, June 19, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0024
This Lords Library briefing has been prepared in advance of the forthcoming Queen’s Speech, which is due to take place on 21 June 2017. The House of Lords is due to debate the Queen’s Speech over five days between 22 and 29 June 2017. This briefing is one of five prepared by the House of Lords Library to cover the themes of each day of debate.
Topics: Agriculture, Aviation, Buses, Business support, Climate change, Companies, Countryside, Economic policy, Economic situation, Energy, Environmental protection, Railways, Roads
Leaving the European Union: UK Climate Change Policy
Published Thursday, June 15, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0022
This House of Lords Library briefing provides an overview of a selection of European legislation which relates to climate change, and outlines how it has been implemented in the UK. The briefing discusses the potential implications of leaving the EU on targets set into UK law and briefly states the UK’s international commitments to reducing greenhouse gas emissions. It also provides additional information on greenhouse gas emissions from EU countries and their climate change domestic legislation.
Rising Sea Levels
Published Thursday, June 15, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0555
Sea level rise increases the frequency and severity of coastal flooding and rates of coastal erosion. Sea level rise will continue far beyond the 21st century, even if global temperature increase is limited to 2°C above pre-industrial levels. This POSTnote sets out the causes and likely future levels of sea level rise and its implications. It updates POSTnote 363 on Sea Level Rise, published in September 2010.
Projecting Future Sea Level Rise
Published Thursday, June 15, 2017 | POSTbriefs POST-PB-0025
This POSTbrief sets out the causes, likely future levels and implications of sea level rise.
Global Health Inequalities
Published Tuesday, May 2, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0553
A POSTnote which reviews trends in global health inequalities in the context of the transition from the Millennium Development Goals to Sustainable Development Goals.
EU Agencies and post-Brexit options
Published Friday, April 28, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7957
What are EU agencies and what do they do? Will the UK be able to participate in their activities after Brexit? And what will happen to the two that are based in the UK? This paper looks at the roles and functions of EU agencies, the issues surrounding the two UK-based agencies, and whether there are options for continued UK participation after Brexit.
Topics: Administration of justice, Animals, Asylum, Aviation, Climate change, Common Agricultural Policy, Companies, Consumers, Crime, Criminal law, Defence policy, Diseases, Energy, Environmental protection, EU external relations, EU institutions, EU law and treaties, Europe, Financial institutions, Financial services, Fisheries, Food, Further education, Health education and preventive medicine, Higher education, Human rights, Immigration, Industrial health and safety, Industrial relations, Industry, Information technology, Intelligence services, International law, International organisations, Media, Medicine, Pensions, Railways, Regulation, Research and innovation, Science, Terrorism, Training
Published Monday, April 24, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0552
Quantum Technologies use the behaviour of matter and light that is normally only observed at very small scales. This POSTnote introduces recent advances, applications, and UK initiatives to support their development and commercialisation. It also reviews policy concerns such as privacy, access to new technologies and secure communications.
Topics: Armed forces, Arms control, Aviation, Companies, Defence equipment and procurement, Defence expenditure, Defence policy, Economic policy, Employment, EU budget, European Commission, Industry, Intellectual property, International trade, Medicine, Research and innovation, Roads, Science, Utilities, Water