Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 21-40 out of 118

Disability Living Allowance mobility component for younger children
Published Monday, June 19, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7977
This Commons Library briefing looks at the lower age limits for the Disability Living Allowance (DLA) mobility components, the rationale for them, and at the position of successive governments.
Changes to Personal Independence Payment regulations
Published Tuesday, March 28, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0110
On Wednesday 29 March, there will be an emergency debate on changes to Personal Independence Payment regulations in the House of Commons Chamber, following an application by Debbie Abrahams MP.
Statistics on Migrants and Benefits
Published Tuesday, March 28, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7445
Data on migrants and benefits is incomplete and fragmented, not routinely available from a single source. This is because the nationality of benefit claimants is not routinely gathered by either DWP or HMRC when administering benefits or tax credits. This paper brings together the main available data sources – including DWP data on National Insurance Number registrations, departmental ad-hoc releases and responses to Freedom of Information requests – to analyse rates of benefit and tax credits receipt among migrants living in the UK.
The Armed Forces Compensation Scheme
Published Thursday, March 23, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7923
This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the Armed Forces Compensation Scheme and Government plans for a new compensation scheme for combat injuries and deaths.
Abolition of the ESA Work-Related Activity Component
Published Tuesday, March 7, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7649
This House of Commons Library briefing paper provides an overview of Employment and Support Allowance (ESA) and details the changes to the Work Related Activity Component that will be introduced from April 2017. The paper also includes information on the mitigating support announced by the Government.
The UN Inquiry into the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in the UK
Published Monday, March 6, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7367
This Commons Library briefing paper provides information on the inquiry by the UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities into the impact of Government policies on the rights of disabled people since 2010.
Spring Budget 2017: Background briefing
Published Friday, March 3, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7913
The briefing sets out the background to Spring Budget 2017 which will take place on Wednesday 8 March 2017. The Office for Budget Responsibility (OBR) will publish revised forecasts for the economy and public finances on the same day.
The future of Attendance Allowance
Published Friday, January 27, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7729
This Commons Library Briefing Paper covers developments since the Government's announcement in December 2015 that it would consider “giving more responsibility to councils in England, and to Wales, to support older people with care needs – including people who, under the current system, would be supported through Attendance Allowance.” The proposal was dropped by the Government in January 2017. This paper gives background information on the Government’s proposals, the decision not to proceed with any changes, and reaction from local government and other stakeholders.
Impact of DWP policies on low income households
Published Monday, January 16, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0013
MPs will debate ‘Impact of DWP policies on low income households’ on Tuesday 17 January 2017 in the Main Chamber. This is an Opposition Day debate moved by the Scottish National Party. This House of Commons Library briefing provides background to the debate and includes a summary of the issues, statistics and press and parliamentary coverage.
Effect on equality of the Autumn Statement 2016
Published Tuesday, December 13, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0251
MPs will debate the effect on equality of the Autumn Statement 2016, on Wednesday 14 December 2016. This will be an Opposition Day debate. This House of Commons Library briefing provides a background summary and also press and parliamentary coverage.
Cold Weather Payments for winter 2016/17
Published Thursday, December 8, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7826
Cold Weather Payments are made from the Social Fund to certain recipients of Income Support, income-based Jobseeker’s Allowance, income-related Employment and Support Allowance, Universal Credit or Pension Credit during periods of very cold weather.
2017 Benefits Uprating
Published Friday, December 2, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7818
This note sets out the main benefit and tax credit rates for the 2017/18 financial year.
Benefit Claimants Sanctions (Required Assessment) Bill 2016-17
Published Wednesday, November 30, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7813
This Commons Library Briefing Paper provides information on the Benefit Claimants Sanctions (Required Assessment) Bill 2016-17. This Private Member's Bill, introduced by Mhairi Black MP, is due to have it Second Reading on 2 December 2016.
The closure of the Independent Living Fund (ILF)
Published Thursday, November 17, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7787
The Independent Living Fund (ILF) closed on 30 June 2015 - this note sets out the background to the ILF, how the ILF worked, and the decision by the then Coalition Government to close it and the subsequent legal challenge (which was unsuccessful).
Autumn Statement distributional analysis, Universal Credit and Employment Support Allowance
Published Tuesday, November 15, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0213
MPs will debate the Autumn Statement distributional analysis, Universal Credit and Employment Support Allowance, on Wednesday 16 November 2016. This will be an Opposition Day debate. This Commons Library briefing page contains Library briefings, independent and select committee reports.
Carer's Allowance
Published Monday, November 7, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN00846
This Commons Library briefing looks at Carer's Allowance - a non-contributory, non-means-tested benefit paid to people who care full-time for someone who is severely disabled. It covers the background to the benefit and issues frequently raised by people claiming it, including the level of the benefit, its interaction with other benefits including the Retirement Pension, and the difficulties recipients face when seeking to combine their caring duties with paid work or studying. Reforms to Carer's Allowance have been discussed, but there have been no significant changes to the benefit in recent years, and Carer's Allowance will remain a separate benefit under the Universal Credit system. Responsibility for Carer's Allowance and related disability benefits is to be devolved to the Scottish Parliament, and all the major parties in Scotland are committed to increasing Carer's Allowance to at least the level of Jobseeker's Allowance.
Welfare savings 2010-11 to 2020-21
Published Friday, September 23, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7667
The House of Commons Library Welfare Expenditure and Savings Tool combines multiple sources of expenditure and savings data into one easy to use, up-to-date analysis tool. Users can track changes in welfare expenditure over time, analyse savings as a proportion of expenditure and identify key policy measures by benefit announced since June 2010. Total spending on UK social security and tax credits will be £218.4 billion in 2016-17, 28.3% of total managed expenditure. Measures announced since 2010 will save around £26 billion in the same year, roughly 10% of what welfare spending might otherwise have been.
Personal Independence Payment and the March 2016 Budget
Published Friday, July 8, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7651
This House of Commons Library briefing paper looks at controversial proposals put forward at the March 2016 Budget to change the criteria for Personal Independence Payment (PIP). The proposals were subsequently abandoned and the Government said it would not be seeking to make alternative offsetting savings, or further savings from the welfare budget not already legislated for.
Carers
Published Wednesday, June 8, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0108
On Thursday 9 June, MPs will take part in a debate on Carers. This debate was recommended by the Backbench Business Committee following a representation from Mims Davies MP. This House of Commons Library debate pack provides an overview of the issues, relevant reports and Parliamentary and media coverage.
Effect of Universal Credit on children
Published Monday, May 9, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0105
MPs will debate the Effect of Universal Credit on children on Tuesday 10 May 2016. This is a Backbench Business debate secured by Stephen Timms MP. This House of Commons Library page provides an overview of Universal Credit and links to relevant briefings and reports.

Displaying 21-40 out of 118

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The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

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The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

POST

The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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