Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 21-40 out of 89

Air Travel Organisers' Licensing Bill: Briefing for Lords Stages
Published Tuesday, July 25, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0048
This House of Lords Library briefing provides information on the Air Travel Organisers’ Licensing Bill ahead of that Bill’s second reading in the House of Lords, scheduled to take place on 5 September 2017.
Transport and Island Communities in England
Published Friday, July 14, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0042
This House of Lords Library briefing has been prepared in advance of a debate on 20 July 2017 on the transport needs of remote island communities in England.
Space Industry Bill [HL]: Briefing for Lords Stages
Published Wednesday, July 5, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0039
This House of Lords Library briefing provides background information on the Space Industry Bill [HL].

Topics: Aviation, Industry

Queen's Speech 2017 Day 2: Business, Economic Affairs, Transport, Energy, Environment and Agriculture
Published Monday, June 19, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0024
This Lords Library briefing has been prepared in advance of the forthcoming Queen’s Speech, which is due to take place on 21 June 2017. The House of Lords is due to debate the Queen’s Speech over five days between 22 and 29 June 2017. This briefing is one of five prepared by the House of Lords Library to cover the themes of each day of debate.
Airport slots
Published Monday, June 12, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN00488
This paper explains the slot allocation rules in the UK, across the EU and more widely around the world. It examines the effectiveness of the current regime in place in the UK, set within EU rules, and looks at longer term options for reform post-Brexit.
Transport in Scotland, Wales & Northern Ireland
Published Monday, June 12, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN03156
This paper explains how transport has been devolved from Westminster to Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. It gives information on those areas which remain reserved to Westminster and where you can find more information about devolved policies.
Cyber Security of UK Infrastructure
Published Tuesday, May 2, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0554
The Government has identified ‘cyber’ as one of six Tier 1 threats to UK national security. This POSTnote focuses on the cyber security of the UK’s critical national infrastructure, describing measures to improve cyber security and challenges in implementing them. It also reviews the new National Cyber Security Strategy, along with international policy and legislation.
EU Agencies and post-Brexit options
Published Friday, April 28, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7957
What are EU agencies and what do they do? Will the UK be able to participate in their activities after Brexit? And what will happen to the two that are based in the UK? This paper looks at the roles and functions of EU agencies, the issues surrounding the two UK-based agencies, and whether there are options for continued UK participation after Brexit.
Quantum Technologies
Published Monday, April 24, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0552
Quantum Technologies use the behaviour of matter and light that is normally only observed at very small scales. This POSTnote introduces recent advances, applications, and UK initiatives to support their development and commercialisation. It also reviews policy concerns such as privacy, access to new technologies and secure communications.
Vehicle Technology and Aviation Bill 2016-17
Published Thursday, March 2, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7872
This paper explains the policy background to and contents and purpose of the Vehicle Technology and Aviation Bill 2016-17 (HC Bill 143). The Bill was introduced in the House of Commons on 22 February 2017. It is scheduled to receive Second Reading on 6 March.
Nuisance from helicopters and light aircraft
Published Wednesday, February 22, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN04059
This short paper summarises the law in respect of helicopter and light aircraft noise; safety when flying low over built up areas; permitted development for landing sites and routes of complaint if an aircraft breaches those rules.

Topic: Aviation

Aviation noise
Published Monday, February 13, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN00261
This paper briefly looks at the impacts of aviation noise on those who live underneath flight paths and close to airports and explains the various measures put forward to tackle noise pollution, including flight restrictions and charges; better airspace design, and quieter aircraft.

Topics: Aviation, Pollution

Night flights at Heathrow, Gatwick & Stansted
Published Monday, February 6, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN01252
This paper explains how the night flight regimes at the UK’s three designated airports, Heathrow, Gatwick and Stansted, are set and what the current proposals are for the period 2017-22.
Transport: passenger rights, compensation and complaints
Published Wednesday, January 18, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN03163
This briefing paper provides information on passenger rights, compensation and how to make a complaint across four forms of transport: rail, bus and coach, air and sea (ferries and cruise ships).
The Northern Powerhouse
Published Tuesday, November 1, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7676
This briefing paper provides a general overview of the UK Government’s plans for a “Northern Powerhouse”. It explains the origins of the Northern Powerhouse concept, the policy and funding commitments set out by Government, the implications for changes in governance and a look at the future in light of the policies of the new Prime Minister, Theresa May, and the UK’s decision to leave the European Union.
Brexit: impact across policy areas
Published Friday, August 26, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7213
This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the situation in a range of policy areas and considers what impact Brexit might have. This will depend, among other things, on the Brexit negotiations, whether the UK stays in the European Economic Area and how the Government fills any policy gaps left by withdrawal.
Sources of Statistics: Transport
Published Wednesday, July 13, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN03853
This introductory guide provides sources of statistics on transport.

Topics: Aviation, Railways, Roads

Regional airports
Published Tuesday, April 26, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN00323
This paper looks at policy affecting airports in the UK, outside London and the South East of England, including the work of the Airports Commission and debates around it, and financial support for lifeline services.

Topic: Aviation

Parliamentary debate 20/4/16: Effect of aircraft noise on local communities
Published Monday, April 18, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0084
This is a short overview of the issues that may be discussed in the debate in Westminster Hall on 20 April 2016 between 9.30 and 11am, Effect of aircraft noise on local communities. The Member who secured the debate is Tom Tugendhat MP (Con., Tonbridge and Malling).

Topics: Aviation, Pollution

Displaying 21-40 out of 89

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The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

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The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.


The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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