Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 41-60 out of 98

Select Committees in the House of Lords
Published Wednesday, September 30, 2015 | Lords Library notes LLN-2015-0031
This Note considers committees in the House of Lords which deal with public matters.
The Governance and Administration of the House of Lords
Published Tuesday, September 8, 2015 | Lords Library notes LLN-2015-0027
This Note sets out how the House of Lords is structured, governed and managed, including joint working with the House of Commons.
Customs and Traditions in the House of Lords
Published Monday, August 24, 2015 | Lords Library notes LLN-2015-0025
This Lords Library briefing can now be found at: http://researchbriefings.parliament.uk/ResearchBriefing/Summary/LLN-2017-0050.
House of Lords: Party and Group Strengths and Voting
Published Thursday, July 23, 2015 | Lords Library notes LLN-2015-0023
This Library Note presents statistics on the relative size of the three largest political parties and the politically unaligned groups in the House of Lords. It also presents select statistics on voting behaviour in the House.
Women in the House of Lords
Published Tuesday, June 30, 2015 | Lords Library notes LLN-2015-0017
This Note provides a short history of women in the House of Lords, looking at the events which led to the first female Peers being permitted to sit in the House. It provides a list of ‘firsts’ for women in the House of Lords, and a list of women who have held significant office in the House.
House of Lords: Profile of Membership
Published Tuesday, June 2, 2015 | Lords Library notes LLN-2015-0012
This Library Note provides background information about the membership and age profile of the House of Lords, together with information on the public positions held by Members, as the House was composed on 30 March 2015—the date on which the 2010–15 Parliament was dissolved.
House of Lords: Maiden and Valedictory Speeches, 2010–2015
Published Thursday, May 21, 2015 | Lords Library notes LLN-2015-0011
The first and last speeches made by a Member of the House of Lords are significant occasions and, by tradition, are marked with respect by the House.
House of Lords Reform 2010–15
Published Wednesday, March 25, 2015 | Lords Library notes LLN-2015-009
This Note provides a summary of the proposals for reform of the House of Lords that were made during the 2010–15 parliament.
Principal Office Holders in the House of Lords
Published Thursday, March 19, 2015 | Lords Library notes LLN-2015-007
This Library Note provides a short overview of the role and functions of some of the key office holders in the House of Lords.
Retirement from the House of Lords
Published Friday, February 13, 2015 | Lords Library notes LLN-2015-005
This Note discusses the development of retirement provisions in the House of Lords, and considers additional proposals put forward by forums such as that have been raised by the Leader’s Group on Member’s Leaving the House and the House of Commons Political and Constitutional Reform Select Committee (for example, the possibility of introducing a compulsory retirement age). The Note also contains brief analysis and information on the eight Members that have taken voluntary retirement so far.
Lords Spiritual (Women) Bill (HL Bill 87 of 2014–15)
Published Tuesday, February 3, 2015 | Lords Library notes LLN-2015-002
The Lords Spiritual (Women) Bill would introduce time limited provisions to enable female diocesan bishops to be fast-tracked into the House of Lords as members of the Lords Spiritual. This Library Note provides a brief summary of the process by which English diocesan bishops are appointed to the House of Lords. It then discusses the provisions of the Lords Spiritual (Women) Bill and the Bill’s House of Commons Stages.
Size of the House of Lords
Published Friday, December 19, 2014 | Lords Library notes LLN-2014-045
As at 16 December 2014, the total membership of the House of Lords was 847. However, excluding those currently ineligible to sit (such as members on leave of absence or those holding particular posts), the ‘actual’ membership was 791. The average attendance of the House of Lords in the 2013–14 session was 497.
History of the House of Lords Library
Published Wednesday, December 3, 2014 | Lords Library notes LLN-2014-041
This Library Note contains a brief history of the Library from its foundation in 1826 to the present day.
Membership of the House of Lords: Ethnicity, Religion and Disability
Published Thursday, June 12, 2014 | Lords Library notes LLN-2014-017
Members of the House of Lords are not required to provide information about their ethnicity, religious beliefs or any disabilities they may have. However, there is continued interest in the representativeness of the House, as currently composed. This Library Note provides background information on this subject: it summarises existing research on the representation in the House of Lords of minority ethnic groups, religions and disability, and sets out some of the challenges in collecting and interpreting this information.
Hereditary Peers in the House of Lords Since 1999
Published Thursday, March 27, 2014 | Lords Library notes LLN-2014-014
The House of Lords Act 1999 ended the centuries-old linkage between the hereditary peerage and membership of the House of Lords. The majority of hereditary Peers left the House of Lords in November 1999, but under a compromise arrangement, 92 of their number, known as ‘excepted’ hereditary Peers still sit in the House today.
House of Lords Reform (No 2) Bill (HL Bill 92 of 2013–14)
Published Friday, March 7, 2014 | Lords Library notes LLN-2014-009
The House of Lords Reform (No 2) Bill is a private members’ bill, which was introduced into the House of Commons on 19 June 2013. The Bill makes provision for retirement from the House of Lords, and for the expulsion of Members of the House of Lords in specified circumstances.
Regional Representation in the House of Lords
Published Monday, February 10, 2014 | Lords Library notes LLN-2014-005
This Library Note provides statistics relating to the regions of the UK with which current Members of the House of Lords have connections.
Debate on 12 December: Reducing the Size of the House of Lords
Published Monday, December 9, 2013 | Lords Library notes LLN-2013-039
This Library Note provides background reading for the debate to be held on Thursday, 12 December 2013 to take note of the case for reducing the size of the House of Lords.
House of Lords: Profile of Membership
Published Wednesday, October 30, 2013 | Lords Library notes LLN-2013-030
This Library Note provides background information about the age, membership and public positions held by Members of the House of Lords.
Maiden Speeches
Published Monday, October 7, 2013 | Lords Library notes LLN-2013-025
This House of Lords Library Note provides the text of selected recent maiden speeches to illustrate the range of styles and subjects covered by new Members in their first contribution in the Chamber.

Displaying 41-60 out of 98

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

POST

The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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