Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 41-60 out of 7019

Reviewing and reforming business rates
Published Friday, April 28, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7538
A briefing paper on the introduction of 100% business rate retention and other changes to business rates announced in 2016-17.
Business rates
Published Friday, April 28, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN06247
A brief guide to the system of non-domestic rating, better known as ‘business rates’.
Overview and Scrutiny in Local Government
Published Friday, April 28, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN06520
This note provides an introduction to overview and scrutiny committees in local authorities, their development and the relevant legislative provisions. It also notes specific powers available to local councils to scrutinise other bodies. The note principally covers England, with some reference to Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
Assets of community value
Published Friday, April 28, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN06366
This note briefly discusses the 'community right to bid' for ‘assets of community value’, introduced by the Localism Act 2011. Councils must maintain a list of ‘community assets’, nominated by community groups. If the asset is sold, the group will be given time to come up with a bid. The note discusses the workings of the scheme and related options with regard to community land and buildings.
State Pension triple lock
Published Thursday, April 27, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7812
Looks at the triple lock used to uprate the State Pension and the arguments for and against

Topic: Pensions

History of the House of Lords: A Short Introduction
Published Thursday, April 27, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0020
This House of Lords Library briefing provides a short introduction to the history of the House of Lords.
Dissolution of Parliament
Published Thursday, April 27, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN05085
Under provisions in the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011, Parliament is dissolved automatically 25 working days before a general election. The date of the next general election is 8 June 2017, accordingly this Parliament will dissolve on 3 May 2017.
Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011
Published Thursday, April 27, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN06111
The Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011 creates a five year period between general elections. Early elections may only be held in specified circumstances.
Key Employment Rights
Published Thursday, April 27, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7245
This briefing provides an overview of key statutory employment rights.

Topic: Employment

UK Election Statistics: 1918-2017
Published Thursday, April 27, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7529
This paper presents an overview of election results since 1918. It provides summary results for all elections from 1918 to 2017, focusing on elections to the House of Commons.
Household debt: statistics and impact on economy
Published Thursday, April 27, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7584
Latest statistics and forecasts for household debt in the UK and international comparisons. There is also a guide explaining how to understand and interpret household debt statistics and a summary of research looking at its effects on the economy.
Apprenticeships policy in England
Published Wednesday, April 26, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN03052
This note provides a summary of current apprenticeships policy and developments in England in 2017.
Tackling the under-supply of housing in England
Published Wednesday, April 26, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7671
This House of Commons briefing paper considers key trends in housing supply in the UK and goes on to focus on some of the of the key barriers and potential solutions to increasing supply in England. It has been updated to include proposals in the Housing White Paper published in February 2017.
Tax avoidance: recent developments
Published Wednesday, April 26, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7948
In recent years concerns as to the scale of mass marketed tax avoidance schemes have led to three major initiatives to undermine this market, and encourage a sea change in attitudes, both in the accountancy industry and its customers: the Disclosure of Tax Avoidance Schemes regime (DOTAS); the General Anti-Abuse Rule (GAAR); and the system of follower notices & accelerated payments. Following these initiatives the Government has continued to introduce provisions to tackle both tax avoidance and tax evasion, including measures in the Spring Budget 2017. This note provides an introduction to the issue of tax avoidance, looking in detail at the development of follower notices and accelerated payments, before discussing the current Government’s approach.

Topic: Taxation

The late night levy
Published Wednesday, April 26, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN07100
This Library Briefing Paper looks at the late night levy and changes to be introduced through the Policing And Crime Act 2017.

Topic: Licensing

Making Tax Digital
Published Wednesday, April 26, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7949
In December 2015 HM Revenue & Customs published Making Tax Digital - its strategy to implement a new system of digital tax accounts to be used by businesses, the self-employed and landlords. Following a consultation exercise last year, in the 2017 Budget the Government confirmed its plans to roll-out digital tax returns from next April. This note discusses the background to this reform.

Topic: Taxation

Children: residence and contact court orders and related matters for parents, grandparents and others
Published Wednesday, April 26, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN03100
This House of Commons Library briefing paper looks at child arrangements orders for residence and contact under the Children Act 1989. These court orders can be applied for by anyone, although some people (including grandparents in most cases) first require the leave of the court to apply. Topics covered in this paper include the factors that a court takes into account, the legal presumption that both parents should be involved in a child's life, and mediation.
Mothers' details on marriage certificates
Published Wednesday, April 26, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7516
This Commons Library briefing paper provides information about calls for details of both parents of the bride and groom to be included in marriage registration (and not just fathers' details, as at present)
Finance (No.2) Bill 2016/17
Published Wednesday, April 26, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0114
Following the 2017 Budget on 8 March 2017, the Government published the Finance (No.2) Bill 2016/17 on 20 March 2017. The Bill received a Second Reading in the House of Commons chamber on 18 April 2017. The sponsoring Member was Jane Ellison. Due to the timing of the Dissolution of the House, prior to the General Election, the remaining stages of the Bill are to be taken on 25 April.

Topic: Taxation

Political disengagement in the UK: who is disengaged?
Published Wednesday, April 26, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7501
This Commons Library Briefing Paper provides information about which groups in the UK are considered to be politically disengaged, and why. This paper will use the term ‘political disengagement’ to capture certain behaviours and attitudes towards the political system. It uses a range of different sources, which are referenced in the PDF.

Displaying 41-60 out of 7019

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

POST

The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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