Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 41-60 out of 112

Help with energy bills
Published Monday, February 1, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN06163
This Commons Library Briefing paper sets out sources of financial and practical help for constituents with domestic energy bills. It links to sources for more information. It also outlines policy developments in this area.
Debate Pack: Fuel Poverty
Published Monday, February 1, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0029
This Debate Pack has been compiled ahead of the debate on Fuel Poverty to be held on Wednesday 3 February 2016 at 09:30 in Westminster Hall. The Member in charge of the debate is Derek Thomas MP

Topics: Energy, Fuel poverty

Measuring Performance for the Carbon Budgets
Published Thursday, January 14, 2016 | POSTbriefs POST-PB-0017
Part 6 of the Energy Bill 2015-16 proposes an amendment to the Climate Change Act to adjust the performance measure used in the UK’s statutory carbon budgets. The new measure would include UK territorial emissions only. With this change, credits or debits from the EU Emissions Trading System would not contribute towards the UK’s performance against its carbon budgets from 2028 onwards. This POSTbrief introduces the carbon budgets, explains the proposed change and outlines the implications of the proposed change.
Competition in energy markets in Great Britain
Published Tuesday, January 5, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7243
This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the history of political and regulatory intervention designed to increase the competiveness of domestic energy markets in Great Britain. The Paper sets out the timetable for the Energy Market Investigation and summarises the provisional findings that the Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) has published. The paper also summarises the main actions that Ofgem has undertaken in the past to tackle the level and complexity of tariffs.
Spending Review and Autumn Statement 2015: a summary
Published Monday, November 30, 2015 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7401
Updated analysis of the Spending Review and Autumn Statement 2015.
Fuel Poverty
Published Friday, November 20, 2015 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2015-0105
This Debate pack has been complied ahead of the debate on Fuel Poverty to be held on Tuesday 24 November 2015 at 16:30 in Westminster Hall. The Member in charge of the debate is Drew Hendry MP. Debate packs are produced quickly after the announcement of parliamentary business. They are intended to provide a summary or overview of the issue being debated and identify relevant briefings and useful documents, including press and parliamentary material. More detailed briefing can be prepared for MPs on request to the Library.
Welfare Reform and Work Bill (HL Bill 69 of 2015–16)
Published Tuesday, November 10, 2015 | Lords Library notes LLN-2015-0042
This Library Note provides background reading in advance of the second reading in the House of Lords of the Welfare Reform and Work Bill on 17 November 2015.
Welfare Reform and Work Bill 2015-16 Committee Stage Report
Published Monday, October 26, 2015 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7352
This Commons Library Briefing Paper summarises debate and amendments to the Bill during its committee stage in the House of Commons.
Deprivation in English constituencies, 2015
Published Friday, October 9, 2015 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7327
This paper looks at relative levels of deprivation across constituencies in England, including which constituencies have become more deprived or less deprived relative to other areas. An online tool maps the variation in deprivation levels within individual constituencies.
Funeral poverty
Published Thursday, October 8, 2015 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2015-0071
This page contains Library briefings and external reports and provides background information for the Westminster Hall debate, Funeral poverty, scheduled for Tuesday October 13 at 4.30pm.
Trends in Energy
Published Monday, September 7, 2015 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0503
Providing affordable, reliable and sustainable energy is a key issue in UK policy. Energy policy can be informed by current energy sector trends and projections into the future. This briefing outlines key trends in energy, the factors driving these changes and future projections. It also highlights the implications and challenges of these trends.
Welfare Reform and Work Bill [Bill 51 of 2015-16]
Published Thursday, July 16, 2015 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7252
This House of Commons Briefing Paper provides background to the Welfare Reform and Work Bill’s provisions; summarises the key measures; and includes relevant comment. The Bill is scheduled to receive its Second Reading on 20 July 2015.
Debate on the Budget Statement
Published Thursday, July 16, 2015 | Lords Library notes LLN-2015-0021
This Library Note provides background information on the Budget Statement which was delivered by the Chancellor of the Exchequer, George Osborne, on 8 July 2015. The Note provides a brief overview of some of the key Budget measures, before outlining the immediate reaction to the statement as expressed by members of the House of Commons and by a selection of organisations and commentators. It has been written to support the debate in the House of Lords on this subject scheduled to take place on 21 July 2015.
Summer Budget 2015: A summary
Published Friday, July 10, 2015 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7251
This note presents a summary of the Summer Budget 2015. This note provides an overview of the main Budget measures (see below), along with analysis of the forecasts, changes to the fiscal rules, changes to welfare, the National Living Wage, and public spending.
The Living Wage
Published Friday, June 12, 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN06675
The living wage is an hourly rate of pay set annually by reference to the basic cost of living in the UK and London. The current living wage is £7.85 per hour outside London and £9.15 per hour in London.
Measuring Living Standards
Published Monday, March 30, 2015 | POSTnotes POST-PN-491
This POSTnote outlines different approaches to setting and measuring thresholds and their strengths and limitations. It also summarises research on recent trends in living standards and the key factors that influence them.
Women Facing Homelessness, Domestic Violence and Social Exclusion
Published Monday, November 3, 2014 | Lords Library notes LLN-2014-033
On 6 November 2014, the House of Lords is scheduled to debate the following motion: “that this House takes note of women facing homelessness, domestic violence and social exclusion”.
Smart meters
Published Thursday, September 11, 2014 | Commons Briefing papers SN06179
Between now and 2020 more than 50 million new ‘smart meters’ will be rolled out to 30 million homes and smaller businesses in Britain. These are intended to allow consumers to see and adjust in real time what energy they are using. The Public Accounts Committee considers the challenges associated with roll-out 'huge'.
Child Poverty Act 2010: a short guide
Published Friday, July 4, 2014 | Commons Briefing papers SN05585
The Child Poverty Act 2010, which received Royal Assent on 25 March 2010, fulfilled the Labour Government's commitment made in September 2008 to enshrine in legislation the target of 'eradicating' child poverty by 2020

Displaying 41-60 out of 112

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The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

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The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.


The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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