Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 41-60 out of 267

The 5p Plastic Bag Charge
Published Thursday, June 22, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7241
This Commons Library briefing paper provides information on the single use carrier bag charge in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, examines the legal basis for the charge, the exemptions and what will be done with the proceeds of the charge. It also examines the impact of the charges to date.
Fly-tipping - the illegal dumping of waste
Published Wednesday, June 21, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN05672
This Commons Library briefing paper gives a general overview of the extent of the problem of fly-tipping and the powers and responsibilities of the Environment Agency, local authorities and landowners to deal with it. In 2013/14 there was a significant increase in reported cases of fly-tipping across England and incidents increased again in following years.
Queen's Speech 2017 Day 2: Business, Economic Affairs, Transport, Energy, Environment and Agriculture
Published Monday, June 19, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0024
This Lords Library briefing has been prepared in advance of the forthcoming Queen’s Speech, which is due to take place on 21 June 2017. The House of Lords is due to debate the Queen’s Speech over five days between 22 and 29 June 2017. This briefing is one of five prepared by the House of Lords Library to cover the themes of each day of debate.
Cyber Security of UK Infrastructure
Published Tuesday, May 2, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0554
The Government has identified ‘cyber’ as one of six Tier 1 threats to UK national security. This POSTnote focuses on the cyber security of the UK’s critical national infrastructure, describing measures to improve cyber security and challenges in implementing them. It also reviews the new National Cyber Security Strategy, along with international policy and legislation.
EU Agencies and post-Brexit options
Published Friday, April 28, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7957
What are EU agencies and what do they do? Will the UK be able to participate in their activities after Brexit? And what will happen to the two that are based in the UK? This paper looks at the roles and functions of EU agencies, the issues surrounding the two UK-based agencies, and whether there are options for continued UK participation after Brexit.
Quantum Technologies
Published Monday, April 24, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0552
Quantum Technologies use the behaviour of matter and light that is normally only observed at very small scales. This POSTnote introduces recent advances, applications, and UK initiatives to support their development and commercialisation. It also reviews policy concerns such as privacy, access to new technologies and secure communications.
Digital Economy Bill: Lords Amendments
Published Monday, April 24, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7953
Lords amendments to the Digital Economy Bill will be considered by the House of Commons on 26 April 2017. There are 289 amendments, and this paper outlines the key changes put forward.
Employment opportunities in food and farming
Published Monday, April 24, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0124
A debate, entitled "Employment opportunities in food and farming" and sponsored by Derek Thomas MP, will take place on Tuesday 25 April 2017 at 2.30pm in Westminster Hall.
Shale gas and fracking
Published Thursday, April 13, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN06073
The regulatory regime for fracking in the UK is covered in this note along with comment on environmental concerns. It also covers the new access provisions and debate on fracking in during the Infrastructure Bill’s passage through Parliament.
UK offshore oil and gas industry
Published Wednesday, March 29, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7268
This Commons Library briefing paper provides a summary of the state of the UK offshore oil and gas industries and outlines the industry, the regulatory framework and key challenges for the industry.
E-petition 165672 relating to badger culling
Published Wednesday, March 22, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0075
This House of Commons Library Debate Pack has been prepared ahead of the Westminster Hall debate on E-petition 165672 on badger culling to be held on Monday 27 March at 4.30pm.
Fuel Poverty
Published Monday, March 20, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0098
A General Debate on 'Fuel Poverty' will be held in the House of Commons Chamber on Tuesday 21 March 2017. The subject for the debate has been chosen by the Government.
Commons Library analysis: Controversy around the EU's re-approval of the pesticide glyphosate
Published Friday, March 17, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7928
The House of Commons Library has published a briefing paper examining the recent history of the EU authorisation for glyphosate.
Commons Library analysis: Kew Gardens (Leases) Bill [Bill 22]
Published Friday, March 17, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7932
The Kew Gardens (Leases) Bill 2016-17 - a Private Members' Bill introduced to Parliament by Ian Liddell-Grainger MP on 29 June 2016 [Bill 22] - has its Commons report stage and third reading on Friday 24 March 2017.
The Current Energy Market Reforms in Great Britain
Published Wednesday, March 15, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7759
This briefing paper covers the current energy market reforms in Great Britain. Increasing energy costs and the position of the ‘big six’ suppliers has meant that competition in the energy market has been high on the political agenda in recent years. A major review of the marketplace concluded in 2016 with a report from the Competition and Markets Authority. Recommendations from this report are now being implemented whilst the Government has indicated further reforms are being considered. The energy market in Northern Ireland is separate and is not included here. The focus of the paper is on major reforms and events; it does not provide full coverage of the Competition and Markets Authority (‘CMA’)’s Energy Market Investigation. Members and their staff can get in touch with the Library if they require further briefing on this.
Dog Fouling
Published Friday, March 10, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0081
This Commons Library debate pack has been prepared ahead of the Westminster Hall debate, scheduled for Tuesday 14 March 2017 at 430-530pm. It provides background information on the legislation, guidance and attempts to tackle the issue of dog fouling in the UK.
Proposed ban on microbeads
Published Thursday, March 2, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0073
This House of Commons Library Debate Pack is prepared for MPs will participating in a Westminster Hall debate on the proposed ban on microbeads is scheduled for Wednesday 8 March 2017 from 2.30pm to 4pm. The Member in charge is Rebecca Pow MP.
Trophy Hunting: UK and international policy
Published Thursday, February 23, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7908
This Commons Library Briefing Paper looks at the issues surrounding trophy hunting, particularly the sport of hunting lions. It examines the impacts of this industry on biodiversity and asks whether it can contribute positively to conservation.

Displaying 41-60 out of 267

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.


The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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