Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 41-60 out of 230

Trophy Hunting: UK and international policy
Published Thursday, February 23, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7908
This Commons Library Briefing Paper looks at the issues surrounding trophy hunting, particularly the sport of hunting lions. It examines the impacts of this industry on biodiversity and asks whether it can contribute positively to conservation.
Night flights at Heathrow, Gatwick & Stansted
Published Monday, February 6, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN01252
This paper explains how the night flight regimes at the UK’s three designated airports, Heathrow, Gatwick and Stansted, are set and what the current proposals are for the period 2017-22.
Seagulls in coastal towns and cities
Published Friday, February 3, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0044
This Commons Library debate pack has been produced ahead of the debate on seagulls in coastal towns and cities. The debate will be in Westminster Hall on Tuesday 7 February 2017, 2.30-4pm. The Member in charge is Oliver Colvile MP. Debate packs are intended to provide useful information for Members, including press and parliamentary material, on issues relating to the debate.
Environmental Crime
Published Tuesday, January 31, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0547
Environmental crime is generally used to describe any illegal activity that harms the environment. It can also have serious human health and social impacts. This POSTnote outlines the different types of environmental crime and options for tackling them.
Green Investment Bank: Proposed Sale
Published Tuesday, January 24, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN05977
A Commons Library Briefing on the creation of the Green Investment Bank by the Government and the ongoing debate around its proposed privatisation.
Animal welfare standards in farming after the UK leaves the EU
Published Thursday, January 19, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0025
This pack has been prepared ahead of the debate on Animal Welfare Standards in Farming after the UK leaves the EU (Brexit), to be held in Westminster Hall on Tuesday 24 January 2017 430-530pm. The Member in charge of this debate is the Rt Hon Theresa Villiers MP.
Effect of the UK leaving the EU on the rural economy
Published Monday, January 16, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0018
This pack has been produced ahead of the Opposition Day debate to be held in the Commons Chamber on Tuesday 17 January 2017 on the effect of the UK leaving the EU on the rural economy. The debate will be on the motion put forward by the Scottish National Party : That this House is concerned at the possible impact upon the rural economy of the Government’s aim for the UK to leave the EU; and calls upon the Government to present to Parliament a clear statement of its aims for the rural economy in negotiations with the EU prior to triggering Article 50, and to give assurances on the future of agriculture, particularly with regard to funding, and fisheries after 2020.
Microbeads and microplastics in cosmetic and personal care products
Published Wednesday, January 4, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7510
This Commons Library briefing paper examines the use of microplastics and microbeads and plans to ban their use in the UK. It also discusses their possible impacts on the environment and human health.
Sewer Flooding
Published Monday, December 19, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7839
This Commons Library Briefing Paper provides information on sewer flooding, including why it happens, responsibilities for addressing the problem and information on possible compensation. This note does not constitute legal advice. Information on longer term approaches to sewer flooding and sewer connections is also included.
The Water-Energy-Food Nexus
Published Friday, December 9, 2016 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0543
The term nexus describes the key interactions between parts of a system or systems. This POSTnote summarises current understanding of the interactions between water, energy and food production and examines how nexus approaches can be used to inform policy decisions.
Natural Capital: An Overview
Published Wednesday, December 7, 2016 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0542
The benefits derived from natural resources include food, recreation and clean air and water. The aim of valuing these resources is to quantify better the cost of their degradation. This POSTnote summarises how to value natural capital, discusses the advantages and challenges of approaches and describes some initiatives to secure natural capital for the future.
Tree planting in the UK
Published Friday, December 2, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0241
This pack has been prepared ahead of the debate to be held in Westminster Hall on Wednesday 7 December 2016 at 9.30am. The debate will be opened by Chris Davies MP.
Circular economy for leftover paint
Published Friday, November 11, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0210
This Pack has been prepared ahead of the debate on the circular economy for leftover paint, to be held in Westminster Hall on Tuesday 15 November 2016 at 2.30pm. The Member in charge of this debate is Angela Smith MP.
Global Biodiversity
Published Friday, October 28, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0198
This pack has been prepared ahead of the debate on global biodiversity, to be held in Westminster Hall on Tuesday 1 November 2016 at 2.30pm. The Member in charge of this debate is Dame Caroline Spelman MP.
Driven grouse shooting
Published Thursday, October 27, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0191
This pack has been prepared ahead of the debate to be held in Westminster Hall on Monday 31 October 2016 to consider e-petitions 125003 (Ban driven grouse shooting) and 164851 (Protect grouse moors and grouse shooting) relating to driven grouse shooting. The subject for the debate has been selected by the Petitions Committee.
Grouse shooting
Published Thursday, October 27, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7709
Grouse shooting takes place on moorlands managed for the birds. The Government believes that grouse shooting makes a significant economic, social and environmental contribution. However, others are concerned that grouse moor management is leading to environmental damage and the illegal killing of birds of prey. Two public petitions have been launched on this matter, on both sides of the argument. The Petitions Committee took evidence from witnesses on 18 October 2016, and a debate is scheduled for 31 October 2016.
Green Space and Health
Published Monday, October 17, 2016 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0538
A range of bodies, including Government agencies, have promoted the possible physical and mental health benefits of access to green space. This POSTnote summarises the evidence for physical and mental health benefits from contact with nature, such as reducing rates of non-communicable diseases, and the challenges for urban green spaces.
Leaving the European Union: Environment and Climate Change
Published Thursday, October 13, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0050
On 20 October 2016, the House of Lords will debate the future of environmental and climate change policy in the light of the EU referendum. This House of Lords Library briefing provides an overview of a selection of European legislation which relates to the environment and climate change, and outlines how it has been implemented in the UK. The briefing also briefly discusses the EU’s international commitments to reducing greenhouse gas emissions. This briefing does not provide an analysis of the potential impacts of the UK leaving the EU. However, it does include a selection of recent statements made by the Government on these issues.
Rewilding and Ecosystem Services
Published Thursday, September 29, 2016 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0537
This POSTnote explores the consequences of increasing the role of natural processes within landscapes. Evidence from the UK and abroad suggests that rewilding can benefit both wildlife and local people, but animal reintroductions could adversely affect some land-users.
Brexit: impact across policy areas
Published Friday, August 26, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7213
This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the situation in a range of policy areas and considers what impact Brexit might have. This will depend, among other things, on the Brexit negotiations, whether the UK stays in the European Economic Area and how the Government fills any policy gaps left by withdrawal.

Displaying 41-60 out of 230

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

POST

The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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