Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 41-60 out of 267

The weather in the home countries: Social Indicators page
Published Wednesday, October 12, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN04319
2014 was the warmest year on record for the UK -what exactly was the weather like over the past 12 months?
Baby loss
Published Tuesday, October 11, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0175
This pack has been prepared ahead of the debate on baby loss to be held in the Commons Chamber on Thursday 13 October 2016. The subject for the debate has been selected by the Backbench Business Committee and the Members in charge are Antoinette Sandbach and Will Quince.
The Paris Climate Change Conference
Published Tuesday, September 27, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7393
The Paris Climate Conference in December 2015 reached agreement, to be implemented in 2020, to keep global increases in temperature well below 2 °C. The UK has signed the Agreement, and momentum is increasing for ratification in 2016.
Managing the UK Plutonium Stockpile
Published Thursday, September 1, 2016 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0531
This POSTnote describes the state of the plutonium stockpile, current plutonium policy and the options for managing the plutonium: indefinite storage, reuse in UK power plants, conversion to fuel to send overseas and disposal as waste. It then outlines the safety, security, economic and energy policy implications of these options.
Brexit: impact across policy areas
Published Friday, August 26, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7213
This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the situation in a range of policy areas and considers what impact Brexit might have. This will depend, among other things, on the Brexit negotiations, whether the UK stays in the European Economic Area and how the Government fills any policy gaps left by withdrawal.
New Drugs for Dementia
Published Tuesday, August 16, 2016 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0535
A POSTnote outlining the challenges in developing new drugs to treat dementia, and an overview of UK and international research activities to accelerate progress.
Automation and the Workforce
Published Friday, August 12, 2016 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0534
Automation technologies can reduce costs and raise productivity. However, there is considerable uncertainty over their potential effects on the UK workforce. This note provides an overview of how these technologies are being used; and potential implications for employment, skills, education and inequality in the coming decades.
Chemicals Regulation
Published Thursday, August 11, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7681
A House of Commons Library Briefing Paper concerning the regulation of chemicals. There are many pieces of legislation that govern the regulation of chemicals, the majority of these originating from the European Union. This briefing will focus on the main regulations, giving details on what they cover.
Electronic Cigarettes
Published Tuesday, August 9, 2016 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0533
This POSTnote updates POSTnote 455 (January 2014), summarising the latest data on scale of use, safety and quality of electronic cigarettes, and their value as a stop smoking tool. It also explores the implications of the new EU Tobacco Products Directive and regulatory approaches in the UK.
Commons Library Analysis: Energy: The Renewables Obligation
Published Friday, July 22, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN05870
The Renewables Obligation has provided financial support for large scale renewable electricity. Some elements of the scheme have already closed and it will close in 2017 as part of Electricty Market Reform, to be replaced by Contracts for Difference.
Commons Library analysis: Energy Storage in the UK
Published Thursday, July 21, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7621
Energy storage is expected to play an increasing role in managing an increasingly decentralised electricity grid in the next few years.
Commons Library Analysis: UK Fifth Carbon Budget
Published Thursday, July 14, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7555
The Government has to set the UK Fifth Carbon Budget for 2028-2032 and decide whether to follow the advice from the Committee on Climate Change. The draft Carbon Budget Order 2016 is to be considered by the 3rd Delegated Legislation Committee on 18 July 2016.
Sources of Statistics: Environment
Published Wednesday, July 13, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN07123
This introductory guide provides sources of statistics on the environment.
Sources of Statistics: Health
Published Wednesday, July 13, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN03843
This introductory guide provides sources of statistics on UK public health services.
Sources of Statistics: Energy
Published Wednesday, July 13, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN03841
This introductory guide provides sources of statistics on energy in the UK.
Energy Policy Overview
Published Friday, June 24, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7582
This note provides an overview of the current Government's energy policy.
Sugar and Public Health
Published Monday, June 20, 2016 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0530
This POSTnote summarises the health risks associated with eating a diet high in sugar and outlines the policy options that might best enable people to limit their sugar consumption.
Infant Mortality and Stillbirth in the UK
Published Friday, May 27, 2016 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0527
A POSTnote which reviews recent data on stillbirth and infant mortality rates in the UK and examines the factors contributing to increased risk. It then looks at the policy options that may help to improve health outcomes for infants and their families.
Zero Carbon Homes
Published Tuesday, May 10, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN06678
Proposals for zero carbon homes and the Government's decision not to proceed with the scheme announced in July 2015
Carbon Footprint of Heat Generation
Published Tuesday, May 3, 2016 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0523
Heat Policy takes into account the carbon footprint of different heating technologies. This POSTnote summarises evidence about the carbon footprints of current and emerging heating technologies in the domestic, commercial and industrial sectors. It then outlines wider considerations for heat policy and broad assessments of the ‘best’ way to reduce emissions from heating.

Displaying 41-60 out of 267

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The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

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The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.


The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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