Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 41-60 out of 283

The Renewable Heat Incentive
Published Monday, April 3, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN06328
The Renewable Heat Incentive aims to support households and businesses to generate renewable heat for their buildings. Several changes are being made to the scheme in 2017
ECO, the Energy Company Obligation
Published Wednesday, March 29, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN06814
This Commons Briefing paper sets out the details of the Government’s Energy Company Obligation scheme that provides funding for energy efficiency measures for difficult to treat homes and the homes of ‘those most in need.’
Telecommunications Infrastructure: Cabling, Ducts and Poles
Published Monday, March 27, 2017 | POSTbriefs POST-PB-0024
This briefing gives an overview of the UK’s telephone and broadband infrastructure. It covers fixed (static) broadband infrastructure (rather than wireless technologies). It includes an introduction to poles and ducts, and how they can be accessed by other Internet service providers who are wanting to build their own telecommunications infrastructure.
Outer space
Published Thursday, March 9, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7464
On the 21 February 2017, the Government published a Draft Spaceflight Bill to "provide for the creation of a regulatory framework to enable commercial spaceflight activities to be carried out from spaceports in the United Kingdom".

Topic: Science

Future Energy Efficiency Policy
Published Monday, February 27, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0550
This POSTnote outlines the benefits and costs of future improvements in energy efficiency across various UK sectors. It then describes the barriers to energy efficiency measures, outlines options for future energy efficiency policy and summarises analyses of the effectiveness of different policy options.
Greenhouse Gas Removal
Published Friday, February 3, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0549
The 2015 Paris Agreement called for a balance between sources of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions and their removal by 2100 to halt global temperature rise. This POSTnote explains why Greenhouse Gas Removal (GGR) techniques may be required to achieve this goal, outlines the benefits of and concerns about them, and considers policy options.
New Plant Breeding Techniques
Published Wednesday, February 1, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0548
This note outlines some of the new plant breeding techniques developed recently and looks at their applications and the regulatory challenges they raise
Green Investment Bank: Proposed Sale
Published Tuesday, January 24, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN05977
A Commons Library Briefing on the creation of the Green Investment Bank by the Government and the ongoing debate around its proposed privatisation.
UK decarbonisation and carbon capture and storage
Published Monday, January 23, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0023
This Debate pack has been prepared for the debate on UK decarbonisation and carbon capture and storage to take place in Westminster Hall on Tuesday 24 January 2017 at 2:30pm. The subject for debate has been chosen by Philip Boswell, MP for Coatbridge, Chryston and Bellshill.
UK Trends in Infectious Disease
Published Monday, January 23, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0545
This POSTnote looks at recent UK trends in infectious disease, with a focus on those infections for which vaccines are not yet available, and where the development of antimicrobial resistance is a serious concern.
Research Integrity
Published Monday, January 9, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0544
A POSTnote that considers current approaches to promoting integrity in research.
Legislating for Brexit: EU external agreements
Published Thursday, January 5, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7850
The EU has over 1,000 external agreements with other countries or organisations, many of which the individual Member States, as well as the EU, have ratified. Many of them concern trade but they cover a range of policy areas and it is not clear what Brexit will mean for the UK's participation in these agreements.
Exiting the EU and science and research
Published Wednesday, December 14, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0252
This Commons Library Debate pack has been prepared for the general debate on Exiting the EU and science and research to take place in the Chamber on Monday 19 December 2016 at approximately 3:30pm.
Implications of the Accelerated Access Review for cystic fibrosis and other conditions
Published Monday, December 12, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0242
This Debate Pack has been prepared ahead of the debate on the Implications of the Accelerated Access Review for cystic fibrosis and other conditions, to be held in Westminster Hall on Tuesday 13 December at 9.30am. The subject for the debate has been chosen by the Backbench Business Committee, following a representation made by Ian Austin, Ben Howlett and Kerry McCarthy.
Paris Agreement and Marrakech Climate Conference
Published Friday, November 25, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7718
Update on the Paris Climate Agreement ratification and the Marrakesh Climate Conference that took place in November 2016.
Genome Editing
Published Wednesday, November 23, 2016 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0541
This POSTnote covers current and future uses of genome editing, how it is regulated and the potential concerns it raises.
Support for science
Published Wednesday, November 23, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7237
Public funding for research comes from a mix of devolved (e.g. Higher Education Funding Council for England) and UK (e.g. Research Councils) institutions. The Higher Education and Research Bill will make structural changes to the science support structures.
Grouse shooting
Published Thursday, October 27, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7709
Grouse shooting takes place on moorlands managed for the birds. The Government believes that grouse shooting makes a significant economic, social and environmental contribution. However, others are concerned that grouse moor management is leading to environmental damage and the illegal killing of birds of prey. Two public petitions have been launched on this matter, on both sides of the argument. The Petitions Committee took evidence from witnesses on 18 October 2016, and a debate is scheduled for 31 October 2016.
Abortion (Disability Equality) Bill [HL]: Briefing for Lords Stages
Published Monday, October 17, 2016 | Lords In Focus LIF-2016-0054
This House of Lords Library briefing provides background information in advance of the second reading of the Abortion (Disability Equality) Bill [HL] in the House of Lords on Friday 21 October 2016.
Leaving the European Union: Environment and Climate Change
Published Thursday, October 13, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0050
On 20 October 2016, the House of Lords will debate the future of environmental and climate change policy in the light of the EU referendum. This House of Lords Library briefing provides an overview of a selection of European legislation which relates to the environment and climate change, and outlines how it has been implemented in the UK. The briefing also briefly discusses the EU’s international commitments to reducing greenhouse gas emissions. This briefing does not provide an analysis of the potential impacts of the UK leaving the EU. However, it does include a selection of recent statements made by the Government on these issues.

Displaying 41-60 out of 283

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.


The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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