Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 41-60 out of 371

Air Pollution: Meeting Nitrogen Dioxide Targets
Published Wednesday, December 13, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8179
Despite falling UK emissions of air pollutants, concerns remain about pollutants in urban areas in particular; their impacts on lifelong health; and the UK Government’s failure to meet legally binding EU air quality targets

Topics: Pollution, Roads

Motor car insurance
Published Friday, December 1, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN06061
This note outlines some of the factors influencing the cost of motor insurance premiums and what government and the industry have done to try and reduce costs.
Road tolls
Published Wednesday, November 29, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN00442
This paper sets out the powers of government and the private sector to levy tolls on individual roads and explains the policies of successive governments in this regard. It also looks at the only toll road in England along the M6 corridor and at four tolled crossings – at Dartford, across the Humber, the Mersey and the Severn.

Topic: Roads

Road fuel prices: Social Indicators page
Published Monday, November 27, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN02638
UK petrol and diesel price trends and cross EU price comparisons
Road traffic in Great Britain: Social Indicators page
Published Monday, November 27, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN02659
Trends since 1950 in road traffic in Great Britain.

Topic: Roads

Road accident casualties in Great Britain: Social Indicators page
Published Monday, November 27, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN02658
A summary of reported road accident casualty statistics.
Passenger transport in Great Britain: Social Indicators page
Published Monday, November 27, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN02660
Social Indicator: Passenger transport

Topics: Railways, Roads

National rail usage and performance in Great Britain: Social Indicators page
Published Monday, November 27, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN02661
Social Indicator: National rail usage and performance in Great Britain

Topic: Railways

Vehicle Excise Duty (VED)
Published Thursday, November 23, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN01482
This briefing paper explains the policies of successive governments towards the setting and design of vehicle excise duty (VED) for cars and other vehicles. It gives information as to the exemptions from payment and how the Government enforces its collection. It also describes the most recent change to VED: those introduced for new vehicles from April 2017 and those affecting diesel vehicles from 2018.

Topics: Roads, Taxation

Gig Economy: Introduction
Published Tuesday, November 21, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0086
This House of Lords Library briefing provides overall information on the demographics and earnings of those participating in the gig economy, on gig economy working practices in each sector, and on the potential effects to be seen in the wider economy.
Petrol and diesel prices
Published Friday, November 17, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN04712
This note looks at trends in the price of petrol and diesel at the pump and before tax, possible reasons for the gap in prices between the two fuels and compares prices and taxes in different countries.
Defence aerospace industrial strategy
Published Monday, November 13, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0224
A debate on ‘Defence aerospace industrial strategy’ has been scheduled for Thursday 16 November 2017 in the Main Chamber. The debate has been nominated by the Backbench Business Committee after a representation from Ruth Smeeth MP and Robert Courts MP.
The aerospace industry: statistics and policy
Published Wednesday, November 8, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN00928
This note analyses key statistics and presents details of how Government policy supports the industry.
Parliamentary debate 24/10/17: Improving rail links in South West England
Published Friday, October 20, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0192

Topic: Railways

Speed limits in England
Published Thursday, September 21, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN00468
This paper sets out the legislation and guidance on speed limits and how highways authorities can vary limits in their areas. It also explains policy towards 20 mph, motorway and rural speed limits and how speed limits are enforced. Finally, it summarises the policies of successive governments towards speed limits.

Topic: Roads

Civilian drones
Published Thursday, August 31, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7734
This paper outlines current regulations for the use of recreational and commercial drones in the UK. It also presents recent policy development in the UK and internationally, as well as emerging technological and regulatory issues related to drone integration into domestic airspace.
High Speed 2 (HS2) Phase 2b and beyond
Published Thursday, August 10, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8071
This paper summarises Phase 2b of the proposed new high speed rail line between London and the North of England (HS2). It gives a brief overview of the scheme, its costs, compensation arrangements and the preferred route. It also looks at Northern Powerhouse Rail (HS3) and high speed rail to and within Scotland.

Topic: Railways

High Speed 2 (HS2) Phase 1
Published Thursday, August 10, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN00316
This paper summarises Phase 1 of the proposed new high speed rail line between London and the North of England (HS2). It gives a brief overview of the scheme, its costs, compensation arrangements and the Act which gives statutory and planning authority for the construction of the scheme. Construction is planned to begin soon.

Topic: Railways

Air Travel Organisers’ Licensing Bill
Published Monday, July 31, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8013
This Commons briefing Paper provides information on the background to, and the main provisions of, the Air Travel Organisers' Licensing Bill.

Topics: Aviation, Consumers

Displaying 41-60 out of 371

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The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

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The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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