Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

Find a briefing paper
  1. Close


    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
  2. Close


    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 41-60 out of 354

Motability scheme
Published Thursday, June 22, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN00473
This paper explains what the Motability scheme is and how it operates, including changes to eligibility for the scheme as a result of PIP.
Queen's Speech 2017 Day 2: Business, Economic Affairs, Transport, Energy, Environment and Agriculture
Published Monday, June 19, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0024
This Lords Library briefing has been prepared in advance of the forthcoming Queen’s Speech, which is due to take place on 21 June 2017. The House of Lords is due to debate the Queen’s Speech over five days between 22 and 29 June 2017. This briefing is one of five prepared by the House of Lords Library to cover the themes of each day of debate.
Social security benefits for older people with mobility needs
Published Monday, June 19, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN07160
Both Disability Living Allowance and Personal Independence Payment (which is replacing DLA) provide help with the extra costs disabled people face when getting around. The DLA or PIP mobility component can continue to be paid indefinitely, but there is an upper age limit of 65 for new claims. This means that some older people cannot get benefits for mobility needs and cannot access linked schemes such as Motability.
Railway rolling stock (trains)
Published Thursday, June 15, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN03146
This paper gives a brief overview of the GB train fleet, explains who owns the trains and how they are leased to the companies that provide train services. It also looks at four big rolling stock procurements: InterCity Express, Thameslink, Crossrail and HS2 and sets out the policies of successive governments.

Topic: Railways

Projecting Future Sea Level Rise
Published Thursday, June 15, 2017 | POSTbriefs POST-PB-0025
This POSTbrief sets out the causes, likely future levels and implications of sea level rise.
Bus Services Act 2017
Published Monday, June 12, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7545
This paper explains the policy background to and contents and purpose of the Bus Services Act 2017. It will be updated as the Act is brought into force and implemented over coming years.
British Transport Police (BTP)
Published Monday, June 12, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN03119
This paper sets out the jurisdiction and funding of the British Transport Police (BTP), including the powers and responsibilities of the British Transport Police Authority (BTPA). It sets out the force’s operation approach and summarises the policing environment. It concludes with a brief summary of Government reviews of BTP and possible plans for the future. Although BTP is not devolved in Scotland, it also includes information on the Scottish Government’s plans to merge BTP Scotland into Police Scotland.

Topics: Police, Railways

Airport slots
Published Monday, June 12, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN00488
This paper explains the slot allocation rules in the UK, across the EU and more widely around the world. It examines the effectiveness of the current regime in place in the UK, set within EU rules, and looks at longer term options for reform post-Brexit.
Heathrow expansion
Published Monday, June 12, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN01136
This paper gives an overview of the debate about the expansion of Heathrow Airport. It looks at the work of the Airports Commission and the subsequent decision by the Conservative Government to support a third runway and sixth terminal at the airport; the environmental issues and concerns surrounding the decision; the economic case and how the scheme will be taken forwards.

Topic: Aviation

Connected and autonomous road vehicles
Published Monday, June 12, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7965
This paper considers some of the key implications of ‘connected and autonomous vehicles’ (CAVs) for the UK road transport sector. It includes discussion of the potential benefits of road-based CAVs; barriers to adoption; and the evolving regulatory framework. The paper also touches on wider considerations, including public perceptions and acceptance of so-called ‘self-driving’ technology; potential cyber security issues; and the labour market implications of vehicle automation.
Transport in Scotland, Wales & Northern Ireland
Published Monday, June 12, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN03156
This paper explains how transport has been devolved from Westminster to Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. It gives information on those areas which remain reserved to Westminster and where you can find more information about devolved policies.
Cycling: FAQs
Published Monday, June 12, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN01097
This paper is designed to provide information on some of the areas of cycling policy most frequently of interest to MPs and their staff such as government policy, funding, safety and the ‘rules of the road’.

Topics: Cycling, Taxation

Transport 2017: FAQ for new MPs
Published Monday, June 12, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7954
This paper sets out answers to commonly asked questions by Members of Parliament about various aspects of transport policy, usually related to constituency issues.
Brexit: how will it affect transport?
Published Monday, June 12, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7633
This Commons Library briefing paper discusses some of the pertinent issues in the four main transport policy areas: aviation, railways, roads and road-based public transport, and maritime. It will be updated and expanded as more information is published and new issues emerge.
Cyber Security of UK Infrastructure
Published Tuesday, May 2, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0554
The Government has identified ‘cyber’ as one of six Tier 1 threats to UK national security. This POSTnote focuses on the cyber security of the UK’s critical national infrastructure, describing measures to improve cyber security and challenges in implementing them. It also reviews the new National Cyber Security Strategy, along with international policy and legislation.
EU Agencies and post-Brexit options
Published Friday, April 28, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7957
What are EU agencies and what do they do? Will the UK be able to participate in their activities after Brexit? And what will happen to the two that are based in the UK? This paper looks at the roles and functions of EU agencies, the issues surrounding the two UK-based agencies, and whether there are options for continued UK participation after Brexit.
Quantum Technologies
Published Monday, April 24, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0552
Quantum Technologies use the behaviour of matter and light that is normally only observed at very small scales. This POSTnote introduces recent advances, applications, and UK initiatives to support their development and commercialisation. It also reviews policy concerns such as privacy, access to new technologies and secure communications.
Crossrail 1 & 2
Published Wednesday, April 12, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN00876
This paper provides information on the two London rail projects Crossrail 1 (the Elizabeth Line) and Crossrail 2. The former is nearing completion; the second is in the planning stages.

Topic: Railways

Parliamentary debate 19/4/17: A diesel vehicle scrappage scheme
Published Monday, April 10, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0111
This debate will take place between 9.30 and 11.00 am on 19 September in Westminster Hall. The Member who secured the debate is Neil Parish MP (Con., Tiverton and Honiton).

Topics: Pollution, Roads

Displaying 41-60 out of 354

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.


The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

Stay up to date

  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts Commons Briefing papers
  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts Lords In Focus
  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts Lords Library notes
  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts POSTnotes
  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts POSTbriefs