Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 41-60 out of 84

Overview of military drones used by the UK Armed Forces
Published Friday, September 11, 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN06493
Remotely Piloted or Unmanned Aircraft, more commonly known as drones, have been described as the most contentious conventional weapons system currently in use. This note provides an overview of their use by the UK armed forces.
Air passenger compensation
Published Monday, July 6, 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN00233
This paper explains the compensation rights of airline passengers in the event of denied boarding, delay and cancellation; lost and damaged baggage; and death or bodily injury.
Airports Commission: Final Report
Published Thursday, July 2, 2015 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7242
This is a one page guide to the final report of the Airports Commission, chaired by Sir Howard Davies.

Topic: Aviation

Airports Act 1986 (Amendment) Bill [HL]
Published Tuesday, June 16, 2015 | Lords In Focus LIF-2015-0006
This In Focus briefing provides background information in advance of the second reading in the House of Lords of the Airports Act 1986 (Amendment) Bill [HL] on 19 June 2015.
Trends in Transport
Published Friday, June 5, 2015 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0496
Transport is a key driver of economic growth. It links people to their workplaces and connects businesses. It also affects health, the environment and societal wellbeing. This POSTnote looks at why transport is changing, outlines current trends across and within transport sectors and considers the planning of transport networks.
Transport 2015
Published Thursday, May 14, 2015 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7177
This paper provides an overview of the transport commitments given by the main political parties in the run up to the 2015 General Election; a broad summary of transport trends over the course of the 2010 Parliament; and looks at some of the possible transport ‘hot spots’ post-2015, specifically devolution; local bus services; cycling provision; rail franchising; and airport expansion.
Aviation: Mayor of London's proposals for a Thames Estuary airport, 2008-
Published Tuesday, October 7, 2014 | Commons Briefing papers SN06144
This note deals only with the proposals put forward by the Mayor of London, Boris Johnson for a new hub airport located on an artificial island in the Thames estuary. For information on the historical background to the idea of building a new airport at or in the Thames estuary, as well as the current proposals for the Isle of Grain site, see SN4920.

Topic: Aviation

Aviation: airport regulation
Published Thursday, June 19, 2014 | Commons Briefing papers SN05333
This note sets out the role of the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) in regulating UK airports and plans for its reform.

Topic: Aviation

Aviation:proposals for an airport in the Thames estuary, 1945-2014
Published Friday, March 28, 2014 | Commons Briefing papers SN04920
Summary (with chronological list) of attempts to build an airport in the Thames estuary since the 1940s

Topic: Aviation

Military Search and Rescue to end in 2016
Published Thursday, April 25, 2013 | Commons Briefing papers SN06617
The Royal Air Force and the Royal Navy will no longer provide a Search and Rescue Helicopter service in the UK after March 2016. A wholly civilian service run by Bristow Helicopters Ltd and managed by the Department for Transport will provide the Search and Rescue Helicopter capability for the UK.
Transport: winter maintenance
Published Wednesday, December 5, 2012 | Commons Briefing papers SN02874
This note looks at the Quarmby recommendations to improve the resilience of all modes of transport to extreme weather, focusing particularly on the road network. It also explains the duty of highways authorities to ensure that safe passage along the highway is not endangered by snow or ice and looks briefly at issues of salt and grit supplies.

Topics: Aviation, Railways, Roads

UK aviation: airports and capacity: Social Indicators article
Published Friday, October 19, 2012 | Commons Briefing papers SN06442
A summary of key data on the issue of UK airport usage and capacity.

Topic: Aviation

Social Indicators
Published Friday, October 19, 2012 | Commons Briefing papers RP12-59
A compendium of the latest social statistics. This edition includes articles on: UK aviation: airports and capacity; Road fuel prices and taxes across the EU; and a look back at London 2012.
Taxing aviation fuel
Published Tuesday, October 2, 2012 | Commons Briefing papers SN00523
At present, although road fuel is charged excise duty, which represents a substantial proportion of the pump price paid by motorists, aviation kerosene (AVTUR) which is used in jet engines is exempt from this tax, under international agreement. This note looks at the debate on using tax to control aviation emissions, and the obstacles to introducing excise duty on aviation fuel.

Topics: Aviation, Taxation

Air Passenger Duty : introduction
Published Wednesday, September 19, 2012 | Commons Briefing papers SN00413
Air passenger duty (APD) is charged on all passenger flights from UK airports. It was introduced in the November 1993 Budget and came into effect on 1 November 1994. This note discusses the introduction of APD, and the first years of its operation. Two other notes discuss the Labour Government's approach to the tax (SN6426), and current Government policy (SN5094).

Topics: Aviation, Taxation

Air passenger duty : the approach of the Labour Government (2008-2010)
Published Wednesday, September 19, 2012 | Commons Briefing papers SN06426
Concerns about the impact of aviation on carbon emissions lead the Labour Government to review air passenger duty (APD) in 2008. A number of changes were made to the structure of the tax from November 2009. This note examines this reform, and complements a second note on current Government policy (SN5904).

Topics: Aviation, Taxation

Aviation: National Air Traffic Services (NATS)
Published Thursday, August 2, 2012 | Commons Briefing papers SN01309
This note gives information about the structure of National Air Traffic Services (NATS).

Topic: Aviation

EU ETS and Aviation
Published Wednesday, May 23, 2012 | Commons Briefing papers SN05533
The aviation sector has been included in the EU Emissions Trading Scheme from 1 January 2012 as part of EU efforts to reduce emissions by 20% by 2020.
Civil Aviation Bill: Committee Stage Report
Published Friday, April 20, 2012 | Commons Briefing papers RP12-19
This is a report on the Public Bill Committee Stage of the Civil Aviation Bill.

Topic: Aviation

Trans-European Transport Networks (TEN-T)
Published Tuesday, February 7, 2012 | Commons Briefing papers SN00478
Trans-European Networks (TENs) are infrastructure networks in transport, energy and telecommunications. This note is only concerned with the transport networks (TEN-T). It gives information on the background to the scheme, its financial aspects; the priority projects it supports; and the European Commission’s plans for reform.

Displaying 41-60 out of 84

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The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

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The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.


The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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