Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 61-80 out of 226

Ceramic and Brick Industries
Published Monday, June 13, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0124
This pack has been prepared ahead of the debate on ceramic and brick industries to take place in Westminster Hall on 15 June 2016. The subject for the debate has been chosen by Wendy Morton MP.
Marine Microplastic Pollution
Published Sunday, June 5, 2016 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0528
Plastic pollution is accumulating rapidly in the world’s oceans. The potential effects of microplastics on the environment and human health are an area of active research. This POSTnote summarises their sources and spread, the evidence that they present a risk and possible strategies to reduce plastic pollution.
Queen's Speech 2016 Day 4: Economic Affairs, Energy, Environment, Local Government and Transport
Published Thursday, May 12, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0025
The House of Lords is due to debate the Queen’s Speech over four days between 19 and 25 May 2016. This briefing is one of four prepared by the House of Lords Library to cover the themes of each day of debate.
Rural Economy: Key Statistics and Recent Developments
Published Friday, April 22, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0020
This Lords Library briefing provides key statistics on the rural economy and a summary recent developments.
UK Dairy Industry: Current Issues and Challenges
Published Tuesday, April 19, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7564
UK dairy farmers continue to highlight their financial difficulties with government as low milk prices remain. Policy action has been taken at EU and UK level to assist and the dairy industry is also seeking to improve its ability to weather future volatility in global markets.
British Summer Time
Published Thursday, March 10, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN03796
For a number of years there have been calls to change clock times in the UK, so that more daylight would be experienced in the evenings rather than mornings throughout the year. The issue continues to be regularly raised in Parliament. This Briefing Paper provides an overview of the pros and cons of British Summer Time and proposals for further changes to clock times. It also summarises recent legislative attempts to change clock times in the UK.
Debate Pack: Conservation of sea bass
Published Wednesday, February 10, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0042
This pack has been prepared ahead of the debate on Conservation of sea bass and the effect of related EU measures on the UK recreational fishing industry to take place in the Commons Chamber on Thursday 11 February 2016. The subject for the debate has been chosen by the Backbench Business Committee and will be on the motion 'That this House believes that the recent EU restrictions on recreational sea bass fishing are unfair and fail to address the real threat to the future viability of UK sea bass stocks; and calls on the Government to make representations within the Council of the EU on the reconsideration of the imposition of those restrictions.'
UK and European sea bass conservation measures
Published Wednesday, February 10, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN00745
Seabass - an important fish species for commercial fishermen and recreational anglers. This note addresses issues around seabass Minimum Landing Size, stock management and current Government policy, and the emergency conservation measures in 2015/16
Trends in the Environment
Published Tuesday, January 5, 2016 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0516
Human activities interact with natural systems in complex ways; they can cause long-term damage to systems humans are dependent on. This POSTnote summarises a range of such pressures on the environment. It also identifies a number of trends and their effects on the UK.
Climate Change and Infectious Disease in Humans in the UK
Published Friday, December 18, 2015 | POSTbriefs POST-PB-0016
A short paper describing the impact of climate change on infectious diseases transmitted by mosquitoes and ticks in the UK.
Protecting ancient woodlands and trees
Published Wednesday, December 9, 2015 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2015-0126
This pack has been produced ahead of the debate on protecting ancient woodland and trees to be held in Westminster Hall on Thursday 10 December 2015 at 1.30pm.
Lead shot ammunition
Published Monday, December 7, 2015 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2015-0120
This debate pack has been compiled ahead of the debate on lead shot ammunition to be held in Westminster Hall on Tuesday 8 December 2015 at 4.30-5.30pm. The Member in charge of the debate is Gerald Jones MP
Debate on an e-petition on neonicotinoids
Published Friday, December 4, 2015 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2015-0117
This pack has been compiled ahead of the debate on the use of neonicotinoids on crops: in Westminster Hall on Monday 7 November 2015 at 4.30pm. The subject of this debate has been chosen by the Petitions Committee and will consider e-Petition 104796: Don't kill our bees! Immediately halt the use of Neonicotinoids on crops
Water Framework Directive: achieving good status of water bodies
Published Friday, November 27, 2015 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7246
This Commons Library Briefing Paper examines the requirements of the Water Framework Directive, including the requirement that the UK achieves 'good' status of all water bodies by 2015. It sets out some facts and figures for England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, explains how water quality is measured and discusses what happens if the requirements are not met. The actions being taken by the Government to manage and improve water quality are also explained and a brief explanation of the offence of water pollution is included.
Deep Sea Mining
Published Friday, September 25, 2015 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0508
In March 2013, the Prime Minister said that deep-sea mining could be worth £40bn to the UK over the next 30 years. This briefing summarises the framework governing activity in international waters. It also describes the mineral deposit types being considered and the proposed extraction methods, potential environmental effects and mitigation options.
Securing UK Soil Health
Published Monday, August 24, 2015 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0502
2015 is the United Nations International Year of Soils. Soils underpin the global food system and regulate water, carbon and nitrogen cycles but are subject to pressures from population growth and climate change. In England & Wales, soil degradation costs around £1bn per year. This POSTnote outlines the evidence for measures that sustain soils and existing policies affecting soil health.
Marine Conservation Zones in England
Published Friday, July 17, 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN06129
Marine Conservation Zones are being introduced to protect nationally important marine environments. 127 sites were put forward by regional stakeholder groups, and the Government designated 27 sites in 2013. The Government consulted on a second tranche of MCZs early in 2015. It is expected that the Government will announce a third tranche of candidate MCZ sites in 2016.
Amending The Hunting Act 2004
Published Monday, July 13, 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN06853
Hunting with dogs was banned in England in 2004 under The Hunting Act. In July 2015 the Government announced that it intended to amend the legislation to amend the legislation.
Biodiversity Auditing
Published Thursday, March 26, 2015 | POSTnotes POST-PN-490
Biodiversity supports the ecosystem services humans rely on for well-being and economic resources. Areas that have had an audit can make more effective use of ecological data to meet planning and conservation objectives for biodiversity. This POSTnote summarises the data sources used and the advantages of the audit approach for addressing biodiversity loss.
Sources of Statistics
Published Tuesday, March 10, 2015 | Commons Briefing papers RP15-12
This briefing paper brings together sources of statistics on 27 subject areas covered by the Economic Policy & Statistics and Social & General Statistics sections of the House of Commons Library. In doing so it draws upon the knowledge of Library specialists, aiming to provide comprehensive topic-by-topic guides for use by anyone interested in the statistical series that underpin the United Kingdom.

Displaying 61-80 out of 226

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House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

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The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.


The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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