Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 61-80 out of 272

Commons Library analysis: Kew Gardens (Leases) Bill [Bill 22]
Published Friday, March 17, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7932
The Kew Gardens (Leases) Bill 2016-17 - a Private Members' Bill introduced to Parliament by Ian Liddell-Grainger MP on 29 June 2016 [Bill 22] - has its Commons report stage and third reading on Friday 24 March 2017.
The Current Energy Market Reforms in Great Britain
Published Wednesday, March 15, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7759
This briefing paper covers the current energy market reforms in Great Britain. Increasing energy costs and the position of the ‘big six’ suppliers has meant that competition in the energy market has been high on the political agenda in recent years. A major review of the marketplace concluded in 2016 with a report from the Competition and Markets Authority. Recommendations from this report are now being implemented whilst the Government has indicated further reforms are being considered. The energy market in Northern Ireland is separate and is not included here. The focus of the paper is on major reforms and events; it does not provide full coverage of the Competition and Markets Authority (‘CMA’)’s Energy Market Investigation. Members and their staff can get in touch with the Library if they require further briefing on this.
Dog Fouling
Published Friday, March 10, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0081
This Commons Library debate pack has been prepared ahead of the Westminster Hall debate, scheduled for Tuesday 14 March 2017 at 430-530pm. It provides background information on the legislation, guidance and attempts to tackle the issue of dog fouling in the UK.
Proposed ban on microbeads
Published Thursday, March 2, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0073
This House of Commons Library Debate Pack is prepared for MPs will participating in a Westminster Hall debate on the proposed ban on microbeads is scheduled for Wednesday 8 March 2017 from 2.30pm to 4pm. The Member in charge is Rebecca Pow MP.
Trophy Hunting: UK and international policy
Published Thursday, February 23, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7908
This Commons Library Briefing Paper looks at the issues surrounding trophy hunting, particularly the sport of hunting lions. It examines the impacts of this industry on biodiversity and asks whether it can contribute positively to conservation.
Water meters: the rights of customers and water companies
Published Friday, February 17, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7342
This Commons Library Briefing Paper explains the powers that customers and water companies have in opting for charging with water meters. It also provides an overview of the relevant Government policy and legislation.
Night flights at Heathrow, Gatwick & Stansted
Published Monday, February 6, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN01252
This paper explains how the night flight regimes at the UK’s three designated airports, Heathrow, Gatwick and Stansted, are set and what the current proposals are for the period 2017-22.
Seagulls in coastal towns and cities
Published Friday, February 3, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0044
This Commons Library debate pack has been produced ahead of the debate on seagulls in coastal towns and cities. The debate will be in Westminster Hall on Tuesday 7 February 2017, 2.30-4pm. The Member in charge is Oliver Colvile MP. Debate packs are intended to provide useful information for Members, including press and parliamentary material, on issues relating to the debate.
Environmental Crime
Published Tuesday, January 31, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0547
Environmental crime is generally used to describe any illegal activity that harms the environment. It can also have serious human health and social impacts. This POSTnote outlines the different types of environmental crime and options for tackling them.
Green Investment Bank: Proposed Sale
Published Tuesday, January 24, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN05977
A Commons Library Briefing on the creation of the Green Investment Bank by the Government and the ongoing debate around its proposed privatisation.
Animal welfare standards in farming after the UK leaves the EU
Published Thursday, January 19, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0025
This pack has been prepared ahead of the debate on Animal Welfare Standards in Farming after the UK leaves the EU (Brexit), to be held in Westminster Hall on Tuesday 24 January 2017 430-530pm. The Member in charge of this debate is the Rt Hon Theresa Villiers MP.
Effect of the UK leaving the EU on the rural economy
Published Monday, January 16, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0018
This pack has been produced ahead of the Opposition Day debate to be held in the Commons Chamber on Tuesday 17 January 2017 on the effect of the UK leaving the EU on the rural economy. The debate will be on the motion put forward by the Scottish National Party : That this House is concerned at the possible impact upon the rural economy of the Government’s aim for the UK to leave the EU; and calls upon the Government to present to Parliament a clear statement of its aims for the rural economy in negotiations with the EU prior to triggering Article 50, and to give assurances on the future of agriculture, particularly with regard to funding, and fisheries after 2020.
Microbeads and microplastics in cosmetic and personal care products
Published Wednesday, January 4, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7510
This Commons Library briefing paper examines the use of microplastics and microbeads and plans to ban their use in the UK. It also discusses their possible impacts on the environment and human health.
Sewer Flooding
Published Monday, December 19, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7839
This Commons Library Briefing Paper provides information on sewer flooding, including why it happens, responsibilities for addressing the problem and information on possible compensation. This note does not constitute legal advice. Information on longer term approaches to sewer flooding and sewer connections is also included.
The Water-Energy-Food Nexus
Published Friday, December 9, 2016 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0543
The term nexus describes the key interactions between parts of a system or systems. This POSTnote summarises current understanding of the interactions between water, energy and food production and examines how nexus approaches can be used to inform policy decisions.
Natural Capital: An Overview
Published Wednesday, December 7, 2016 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0542
The benefits derived from natural resources include food, recreation and clean air and water. The aim of valuing these resources is to quantify better the cost of their degradation. This POSTnote summarises how to value natural capital, discusses the advantages and challenges of approaches and describes some initiatives to secure natural capital for the future.
Tree planting in the UK
Published Friday, December 2, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0241
This pack has been prepared ahead of the debate to be held in Westminster Hall on Wednesday 7 December 2016 at 9.30am. The debate will be opened by Chris Davies MP.
Increasing competition in the water industry
Published Monday, November 21, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7259
This Commons Library Briefing Paper summarises the market reforms set out in the Water Act 2014 relating to increasing competition for the non-household retail market and the upstream market, including progress on implementation and background to the reform. It also summarises recent developments relating to increasing competition in the domestic retail market.
Circular economy for leftover paint
Published Friday, November 11, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0210
This Pack has been prepared ahead of the debate on the circular economy for leftover paint, to be held in Westminster Hall on Tuesday 15 November 2016 at 2.30pm. The Member in charge of this debate is Angela Smith MP.
Global Biodiversity
Published Friday, October 28, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0198
This pack has been prepared ahead of the debate on global biodiversity, to be held in Westminster Hall on Tuesday 1 November 2016 at 2.30pm. The Member in charge of this debate is Dame Caroline Spelman MP.

Displaying 61-80 out of 272

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

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The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

POST

The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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