Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 61-80 out of 278

Chemicals Regulation
Published Thursday, August 11, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7681
A House of Commons Library Briefing Paper concerning the regulation of chemicals. There are many pieces of legislation that govern the regulation of chemicals, the majority of these originating from the European Union. This briefing will focus on the main regulations, giving details on what they cover.
Electronic Cigarettes
Published Tuesday, August 9, 2016 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0533
This POSTnote updates POSTnote 455 (January 2014), summarising the latest data on scale of use, safety and quality of electronic cigarettes, and their value as a stop smoking tool. It also explores the implications of the new EU Tobacco Products Directive and regulatory approaches in the UK.
Commons Library Analysis: Energy: The Renewables Obligation
Published Friday, July 22, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN05870
The Renewables Obligation has provided financial support for large scale renewable electricity. Some elements of the scheme have already closed and it will close in 2017 as part of Electricty Market Reform, to be replaced by Contracts for Difference.
Commons Library analysis: Energy Storage in the UK
Published Thursday, July 21, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7621
Energy storage is expected to play an increasing role in managing an increasingly decentralised electricity grid in the next few years.
Sources of Statistics: Environment
Published Wednesday, July 13, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN07123
This introductory guide provides sources of statistics on the environment.
Sources of Statistics: Health
Published Wednesday, July 13, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN03843
This introductory guide provides sources of statistics on UK public health services.
Sources of Statistics: Energy
Published Wednesday, July 13, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN03841
This introductory guide provides sources of statistics on energy in the UK.
Energy Policy Overview
Published Friday, June 24, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7582
This note provides an overview of the current Government's energy policy.
Sugar and Public Health
Published Monday, June 20, 2016 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0530
This POSTnote summarises the health risks associated with eating a diet high in sugar and outlines the policy options that might best enable people to limit their sugar consumption.
Infant Mortality and Stillbirth in the UK
Published Friday, May 27, 2016 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0527
A POSTnote which reviews recent data on stillbirth and infant mortality rates in the UK and examines the factors contributing to increased risk. It then looks at the policy options that may help to improve health outcomes for infants and their families.
Zero Carbon Homes
Published Tuesday, May 10, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN06678
Proposals for zero carbon homes and the Government's decision not to proceed with the scheme announced in July 2015
Carbon Footprint of Heat Generation
Published Tuesday, May 3, 2016 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0523
Heat Policy takes into account the carbon footprint of different heating technologies. This POSTnote summarises evidence about the carbon footprints of current and emerging heating technologies in the domestic, commercial and industrial sectors. It then outlines wider considerations for heat policy and broad assessments of the ‘best’ way to reduce emissions from heating.
Feed-in Tariffs
Published Monday, March 21, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN06200
Feed-in Tariffs are available as an incentive for small-scale renewables. The Government has completed a Review of the Scheme in December 2015.
British Summer Time
Published Thursday, March 10, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN03796
For a number of years there have been calls to change clock times in the UK, so that more daylight would be experienced in the evenings rather than mornings throughout the year. The issue continues to be regularly raised in Parliament. This Briefing Paper provides an overview of the pros and cons of British Summer Time and proposals for further changes to clock times. It also summarises recent legislative attempts to change clock times in the UK.
Debate pack: Energy intensive industries
Published Wednesday, March 9, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0065
This pack has been prepared ahead of the debate on Energy intensive industries to take place in Westminster Hall at 3:00pm on 10 March 2016. The debate is being led by Graham Evans MP. It includes a brief summary and useful links for further reading. The House of Commons Library prepares a briefing in hard copy and/or online for most non-legislative debates in the Chamber and Westminster Hall other than half-hour debates. Debate Packs are produced quickly after the announcement of parliamentary business. They are intended to provide a summary or overview of the issue being debated and identify relevant briefings and useful documents.
Debate Pack: Biomass as a source of renewable energy
Published Tuesday, February 23, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0044
This debate pack is prepared for a Westminster Hall debate on Wednesday 24 February 2016 at 09:30 am to 11:00 am The Member in charge is Nigel Adams MP This debate pack includes recent press articles, Parliamentary material and links to further reading on biomass as a renewable energy source
Electronic Health Records
Published Monday, February 8, 2016 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0519
A POSTnote which explains the plans to introduce electronic health records for everyone. As well as background on what information such records will contain, the paper discusses the opportunities and challenges implementing them will involve.
Psychological Health of Military Personnel
Published Wednesday, February 3, 2016 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0518
A POSTnote which examines the impact of military service on the psychological health of serving personnel, reservists, veterans and their families. It outlines what is known about the effectiveness of interventions, and highlights areas for further research.
Intellectual Property and Plants
Published Tuesday, January 19, 2016 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0517
This POSTnote considers the different intellectual property rights approaches available to plant breeders.
Animal Experiment Statistics
Published Monday, January 18, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN02720
In 2014 3.8 million procedures were completed on regulated living animals representing a decrease of 6% compared to 2013. This note summarises and analyses trends in data, including the growth of universities as the dominant seat of research on animals, the decline of research for toxicological purposes, and the growth in animal procedures for cancer research.

Displaying 61-80 out of 278

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

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The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.


The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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