Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 61-80 out of 271

Sugar and Public Health
Published Monday, June 20, 2016 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0530
This POSTnote summarises the health risks associated with eating a diet high in sugar and outlines the policy options that might best enable people to limit their sugar consumption.
Infant Mortality and Stillbirth in the UK
Published Friday, May 27, 2016 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0527
A POSTnote which reviews recent data on stillbirth and infant mortality rates in the UK and examines the factors contributing to increased risk. It then looks at the policy options that may help to improve health outcomes for infants and their families.
Zero Carbon Homes
Published Tuesday, May 10, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN06678
Proposals for zero carbon homes and the Government's decision not to proceed with the scheme announced in July 2015
Carbon Footprint of Heat Generation
Published Tuesday, May 3, 2016 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0523
Heat Policy takes into account the carbon footprint of different heating technologies. This POSTnote summarises evidence about the carbon footprints of current and emerging heating technologies in the domestic, commercial and industrial sectors. It then outlines wider considerations for heat policy and broad assessments of the ‘best’ way to reduce emissions from heating.
Feed-in Tariffs
Published Monday, March 21, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN06200
Feed-in Tariffs are available as an incentive for small-scale renewables. The Government has completed a Review of the Scheme in December 2015.
British Summer Time
Published Thursday, March 10, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN03796
For a number of years there have been calls to change clock times in the UK, so that more daylight would be experienced in the evenings rather than mornings throughout the year. The issue continues to be regularly raised in Parliament. This Briefing Paper provides an overview of the pros and cons of British Summer Time and proposals for further changes to clock times. It also summarises recent legislative attempts to change clock times in the UK.
Debate pack: Energy intensive industries
Published Wednesday, March 9, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0065
This pack has been prepared ahead of the debate on Energy intensive industries to take place in Westminster Hall at 3:00pm on 10 March 2016. The debate is being led by Graham Evans MP. It includes a brief summary and useful links for further reading. The House of Commons Library prepares a briefing in hard copy and/or online for most non-legislative debates in the Chamber and Westminster Hall other than half-hour debates. Debate Packs are produced quickly after the announcement of parliamentary business. They are intended to provide a summary or overview of the issue being debated and identify relevant briefings and useful documents.
Debate Pack: Biomass as a source of renewable energy
Published Tuesday, February 23, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0044
This debate pack is prepared for a Westminster Hall debate on Wednesday 24 February 2016 at 09:30 am to 11:00 am The Member in charge is Nigel Adams MP This debate pack includes recent press articles, Parliamentary material and links to further reading on biomass as a renewable energy source
Electronic Health Records
Published Monday, February 8, 2016 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0519
A POSTnote which explains the plans to introduce electronic health records for everyone. As well as background on what information such records will contain, the paper discusses the opportunities and challenges implementing them will involve.
Psychological Health of Military Personnel
Published Wednesday, February 3, 2016 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0518
A POSTnote which examines the impact of military service on the psychological health of serving personnel, reservists, veterans and their families. It outlines what is known about the effectiveness of interventions, and highlights areas for further research.
Intellectual Property and Plants
Published Tuesday, January 19, 2016 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0517
This POSTnote considers the different intellectual property rights approaches available to plant breeders.
Animal Experiment Statistics
Published Monday, January 18, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN02720
In 2014 3.8 million procedures were completed on regulated living animals representing a decrease of 6% compared to 2013. This note summarises and analyses trends in data, including the growth of universities as the dominant seat of research on animals, the decline of research for toxicological purposes, and the growth in animal procedures for cancer research.
Increasing Diversity in STEM careers
Published Friday, January 15, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0014
Increasing diversity in STEM, Westminster Hall debate, 19 January 2015, 16:30 – 17:30
Measuring Performance for the Carbon Budgets
Published Thursday, January 14, 2016 | POSTbriefs POST-PB-0017
Part 6 of the Energy Bill 2015-16 proposes an amendment to the Climate Change Act to adjust the performance measure used in the UK’s statutory carbon budgets. The new measure would include UK territorial emissions only. With this change, credits or debits from the EU Emissions Trading System would not contribute towards the UK’s performance against its carbon budgets from 2028 onwards. This POSTbrief introduces the carbon budgets, explains the proposed change and outlines the implications of the proposed change.
The Energy Bill 2015-16: Background and changes in the Lords
Published Thursday, January 14, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7466
The Energy Bill 2015-16 has been debated and Amended in the House of Lords. This paper provides a summary of those changes along with relevant background information for its debate in the House of Commons.
Debate Pack: UK space policy
Published Wednesday, January 13, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0010
This pack has been produced ahead of the debate on space policy to be held on the Commons Chamber on Thursday 14 January 2016. The topic for this debate was chosen by the Backbench Business Committee. The motion is : That this House notes the scientific, cultural and technological opportunities arising from exploration of outer space and the significant contribution the space industry makes to the UK economy; further notes the increased public interest in space exploration resulting from Major Tim Peake’s mission to the International Space Station (ISS); welcomes the global co-operation that has led to the development of the ISS over the last forty years; takes note of the shortlist of airports and aerodromes that could host a UK spaceport published by the UK Government in March 2015; and calls on the Government to bring forward further advice and support for organisations considering developing such facilities so that they might be operational by the Government’s target date of 2018.
Trends in the Environment
Published Tuesday, January 5, 2016 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0516
Human activities interact with natural systems in complex ways; they can cause long-term damage to systems humans are dependent on. This POSTnote summarises a range of such pressures on the environment. It also identifies a number of trends and their effects on the UK.
Paris Climate Change Conference 2015
Published Tuesday, December 22, 2015 | Lords In Focus LIF-2015-0061
This Lords Library briefing examines the recent global climate change agreement reached in Paris.
Climate Change and Infectious Disease in Humans in the UK
Published Friday, December 18, 2015 | POSTbriefs POST-PB-0016
A short paper describing the impact of climate change on infectious diseases transmitted by mosquitoes and ticks in the UK.
Policing Domestic Abuse
Published Wednesday, December 16, 2015 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0515
Domestic abuse refers to a range of behaviours – psychological, physical, sexual, financial and emotional – that are directed towards partners, ex-partners or family members. This POSTnote examines the prevalence and nature of domestic abuse and the policing response. It examines how the policing response could be informed by research about the effectiveness of current and alternative approaches, and the possible benefits for victims, their families and offenders.

Displaying 61-80 out of 271

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.


The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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