Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 61-80 out of 371

Rail structures, ownership and reform
Published Thursday, July 27, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7992
This paper explains the various ways railways are structured around the world and sets out how rail structures in Great Britain have developed to date and prospects for the future.

Topic: Railways

Rail electrification
Published Thursday, July 27, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN05907
This briefing paper explains the rail electrification schemes planned by the Labour, Coalition and Conservative governments and where things currently stand with each one.

Topic: Railways

Air Travel Organisers' Licensing Bill: Briefing for Lords Stages
Published Tuesday, July 25, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0048
This House of Lords Library briefing provides information on the Air Travel Organisers’ Licensing Bill ahead of that Bill’s second reading in the House of Lords, scheduled to take place on 5 September 2017.
Parliamentary debate 19/7/17: Thameslink passenger services
Published Tuesday, July 18, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0145
This debate will take place between 4.30 and 5.30 pm on 19 July in Westminster Hall. The Member who secured the debate is Anne Main MP (Con., St Albans).

Topic: Railways

Transport and Island Communities in England
Published Friday, July 14, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0042
This House of Lords Library briefing has been prepared in advance of a debate on 20 July 2017 on the transport needs of remote island communities in England.
Space Industry Bill [HL]: Briefing for Lords Stages
Published Wednesday, July 5, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0039
This House of Lords Library briefing provides background information on the Space Industry Bill [HL].

Topics: Aviation, Industry

Parliamentary debate 5/7/17: Road infrastructure
Published Tuesday, July 4, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0133
This debate will take place between 9.30 and 11.00 am on 5 July in Westminster Hall. The Member who secured the debate is Huw Merriman MP (Con., Bexhill and Battle).

Topic: Roads

General debate 4/7/17 - The Chris Gibb Report: Improvement to Southern Railway
Published Thursday, June 29, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0127
This general debate will take place in the Commons Chamber on 4 July 2017.

Topic: Railways

Parliamentary debate 4/7/17: Safety of riders and horses on rural roads
Published Thursday, June 29, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0130
This debate will take place between 4.30 and 5.30 pm on 4 July in Westminster Hall. The Member who secured the debate is Derek Thomas MP (Con., St Ives).

Topics: Animals, Roads

Air Quality in London
Published Wednesday, June 28, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0035
This House of Lords Library briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate scheduled to take place in the House of Lords on 3 July on the case for improving air quality in London. It provides an overview of the regulation of air pollution, the impact of air pollution on health and plans by the Government and the Mayor of London to improve air quality.
Motability scheme
Published Thursday, June 22, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN00473
This paper explains what the Motability scheme is and how it operates, including changes to eligibility for the scheme as a result of PIP.
Queen's Speech 2017 Day 2: Business, Economic Affairs, Transport, Energy, Environment and Agriculture
Published Monday, June 19, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0024
This Lords Library briefing has been prepared in advance of the forthcoming Queen’s Speech, which is due to take place on 21 June 2017. The House of Lords is due to debate the Queen’s Speech over five days between 22 and 29 June 2017. This briefing is one of five prepared by the House of Lords Library to cover the themes of each day of debate.
Social security benefits for older people with mobility needs
Published Monday, June 19, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN07160
Both Disability Living Allowance and Personal Independence Payment (which is replacing DLA) provide help with the extra costs disabled people face when getting around. The DLA or PIP mobility component can continue to be paid indefinitely, but there is an upper age limit of 65 for new claims. This means that some older people cannot get benefits for mobility needs and cannot access linked schemes such as Motability.
Railway rolling stock (trains)
Published Thursday, June 15, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN03146
This paper gives a brief overview of the GB train fleet, explains who owns the trains and how they are leased to the companies that provide train services. It also looks at four big rolling stock procurements: InterCity Express, Thameslink, Crossrail and HS2 and sets out the policies of successive governments.

Topic: Railways

Projecting Future Sea Level Rise
Published Thursday, June 15, 2017 | POSTbriefs POST-PB-0025
This POSTbrief sets out the causes, likely future levels and implications of sea level rise.
Bus Services Act 2017
Published Monday, June 12, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7545
This paper explains the policy background to and contents and purpose of the Bus Services Act 2017. It will be updated as the Act is brought into force and implemented over coming years.
British Transport Police (BTP)
Published Monday, June 12, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN03119
This paper sets out the jurisdiction and funding of the British Transport Police (BTP), including the powers and responsibilities of the British Transport Police Authority (BTPA). It sets out the force’s operation approach and summarises the policing environment. It concludes with a brief summary of Government reviews of BTP and possible plans for the future. Although BTP is not devolved in Scotland, it also includes information on the Scottish Government’s plans to merge BTP Scotland into Police Scotland.

Topics: Police, Railways

Airport slots
Published Monday, June 12, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN00488
This paper explains the slot allocation rules in the UK, across the EU and more widely around the world. It examines the effectiveness of the current regime in place in the UK, set within EU rules, and looks at longer term options for reform post-Brexit.
Connected and autonomous road vehicles
Published Monday, June 12, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7965
This paper considers some of the key implications of ‘connected and autonomous vehicles’ (CAVs) for the UK road transport sector. It includes discussion of the potential benefits of road-based CAVs; barriers to adoption; and the evolving regulatory framework. The paper also touches on wider considerations, including public perceptions and acceptance of so-called ‘self-driving’ technology; potential cyber security issues; and the labour market implications of vehicle automation.
Transport in Scotland, Wales & Northern Ireland
Published Monday, June 12, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN03156
This paper explains how transport has been devolved from Westminster to Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. It gives information on those areas which remain reserved to Westminster and where you can find more information about devolved policies.

Displaying 61-80 out of 371

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

POST

The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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