Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 61-80 out of 350

Older drivers
Published Wednesday, January 11, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN00409
This paper describes the licencing and medical fitness rules for drivers over the age of 70, and summarises recent Government statements on older drivers and the recommendations of the Older Drivers Task Force.

Topics: Older people, Roads

Future of the UK Maritime industry
Published Tuesday, January 10, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0009
This pack has been prepared ahead of the debate on the maritime industry to take place in Westminster Hall on 12 January 2017 at 3pm. The subject for the debate has been chosen by Alistair Carmichael.

Topics: Industry, Shipping

Local road maintenance, repairs and street works in England
Published Wednesday, December 28, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN00739
This paper describes the framework in which local authorities in England maintain and repair the road network. It also sets out the rights of utility companies and others to undertake street works and the powers available to highway authorities to manage and mitigate those works.
Rail freight
Published Thursday, December 15, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN00151
This paper describes the rail freight policies of successive UK Governments, which have sought to drive modal shift of freight from roads to rail. It also briefly looks at the plans to drive rail freight growth with HS2 and the policy of the EU in this area. It also sets out how track access charges work for freight and the grants and funding streams that are available.

Topic: Railways

Small claims for personal injuries including whiplash
Published Thursday, December 15, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN04141
This Commons Library briefing paper considers current proposals to increase the small claims track limit for personal injury claims to £5,000, and either to remove the right to general damages for minor soft tissue injuries (whiplash) or to set a reduced fixed amount of compensation.
Social Indicators 2016
Published Friday, December 9, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7381
This Commons Library research briefing summarises a wide range of social statistics. Subjects covered include agriculture, crime, defence, education, elections, environment and energy, health, housing, local government, population and migration, social security and transport.
Young and novice drivers
Published Wednesday, December 7, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN00517
This paper explains the car driver licensing and testing arrangements for new drivers and provides information on various initiatives – such as graduated driver licensing, post-test restrictions and ‘black box’ monitoring devices – which have been discussed as ways to help make these drivers safer.

Topic: Roads

Airports in the South East of England
Published Wednesday, November 23, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN02893
This paper looks at airport development in London and the South East under the present and previous governments, including the work of the Airports Commission, and how airports are planning to develop their current services.

Topic: Aviation

Parking Places (Variation of Charges) Bill 2016-17
Published Monday, November 21, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7785
The Parking Places (Variation of Charges) Bill (Bill 18 of 2016-17) is scheduled for its Second Reading debate on Friday 25 November 2016. This is a Private Member’s Bill, brought forward by the Conservative MP David Tredinnick. The Bill has the support of the Government.
Parliamentary debate 23/11/16: Transport in the North East
Published Thursday, November 17, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0216
Road fuel prices: Social Indicators page
Published Friday, November 11, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN02638
UK petrol and diesel price trends and cross EU price comparisons
National rail usage and performance in Great Britain: Social Indicators page
Published Thursday, November 10, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN02661
The number of passenger journeys on franchised national railway services is at record levels.

Topic: Railways

Passenger transport in Great Britain: Social Indicators page
Published Thursday, November 10, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN02660
Transport by cars, vans and taxis constituted 83% of the total distance travelled by passengers in 2014.

Topics: Railways, Roads

Road traffic in Great Britain: Social Indicators page
Published Thursday, November 10, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN02659
Trends since 1950 in road traffic in Great Britain.

Topic: Roads

Road accident casualties in Great Britain: Social Indicators page
Published Thursday, November 10, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN02658
A summary of reported road accident casualty statistics.
Driving and mobile phones
Published Tuesday, November 8, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN00366
This short paper briefly summarises the introduction of a new offence in 2003 for driving whilst using a hand-held mobile phone or similar device, changes made to the penalties since then, future plans for further changes, and how effective the offence has been. It also sets out charging policy in this general area and briefly addresses the question of using a mobile phone while cycling.
West Anglia Taskforce report
Published Friday, November 4, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0206
This debate pack has been prepared ahead of the Westminster Hall debate on the West Anglia Taskforce report, which will take place on Tuesday 8 November at 2.30pm.

Topic: Railways

The Northern Powerhouse
Published Tuesday, November 1, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7676
This briefing paper provides a general overview of the UK Government’s plans for a “Northern Powerhouse”. It explains the origins of the Northern Powerhouse concept, the policy and funding commitments set out by Government, the implications for changes in governance and a look at the future in light of the policies of the new Prime Minister, Theresa May, and the UK’s decision to leave the European Union.
Creating age-friendly cities
Published Tuesday, October 18, 2016 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0539
This POSTnote examines how housing, outdoor spaces and transport can be made more age-friendly. It also highlights challenges for designing and delivering age-friendly cities.
Parliamentary debate 7/9/16: Fly-parking by HGVs in Kent
Published Thursday, September 1, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0156
This debate will take place between 2.30 and 4.00 pm on 7 September in Westminster Hall. The Member who secured the debate is Helen Whately MP (Con., Faversham and Mid Kent).

Topic: Roads

Displaying 61-80 out of 350

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The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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