Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 81-100 out of 7072

Key issues in fostering: capacity, working conditions, and fostering agencies
Published Friday, June 16, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7998
This House of Commons Library briefing paper looks at key issues in fostering, including general statistical information, the capacity of the foster care system, working conditions for foster carers and the relationships between fostering providers. It draws upon evidence taken by the Education Select Committee’s inquiry into fostering.
Local Housing Allowance and the social rented sector
Published Friday, June 16, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7833
This Commons Library briefing paper explains the Government's intention to apply Local Housing Allowance rates to tenants in receipt of Housing Benefit in the social rented sector. Implementation has been delayed until April 2019. Legislation to implement this measure has not been introduced yet.
Economic Indicators, June 2017
Published Friday, June 16, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7994
Analysis of the latest UK and international economic indicators
Women Members of Parliament: Background Paper
Published Friday, June 16, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN06652
This briefing paper provides a list of all the women who have ever been elected to the House of Commons.
Manufacturing: Key Economic Indicators
Published Friday, June 16, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN05206
Manufacturing: Data on manufacturing jobs, output and producer confidence.
Service industries: Key Economic Indicators
Published Friday, June 16, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN02786
Service industries: Data for the sector that incorporates the retail sector, the financial sector, the public sector, business administration and cultural activities.
Women in the House of Commons: Background Paper
Published Friday, June 16, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN06651
This briefing paper provides information on the number female MPs currently sitting in the House of Commons. It also gives a history of the campaigns to give women the vote and to allow them to stand as candidates for election.
UK aid: frequently asked questions
Published Friday, June 16, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7996
What is aid? What is the UN 0.7% aid target and why has the UK adopted it? Which government departments spend UK aid? What impact does UK aid have? What will be the impact of Brexit on UK aid? These and other questions are answered in an accessible way in this briefing paper.
Inflation: International: Key Economic Indicators
Published Friday, June 16, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN02794
Inflation: International: Harmonised Index of Comsumer Prices data on international inflation rates.
Police complaints systems in the UK
Published Thursday, June 15, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN02056
This Briefing Paper gives basic factual information about the police complaints system in England and Wales to assist with constituents’ questions. It also gives brief information on the systems in Scotland and Northern Ireland, mainly for comparative purposes. Major reforms to the system in England and Wales are coming when the Policing and Crime Act 2017 comes into force.

Topic: Police

The election of Deputy Speakers
Published Thursday, June 15, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN05375
This note reviews the background to the introduction of elections for Deputy Speakers; notes arrangements for 2015; and reports the results the elections in June 2010 and in October 2013.
Interest Rates and Monetary Policy: Key Economic Indicators
Published Thursday, June 15, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN02802
Interest Rates and Monetary Policy: Data on interest rates from the UK, eurozone and the US; a summary of the Bank of England’s and international, quantitative easing policy.
FAQs: Academies and free schools
Published Thursday, June 15, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN07059
This Commons Library research briefing answers FAQs about academies and free schools in England. Topics covered include: academy conversion; school places; SEN provision; academy land disposal and sale; funding; and accountability.

Topic: Schools

Armed Forces Housing
Published Thursday, June 15, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7985
Accommodation is a major issue for armed forces personnel. This Commons Library briefing paper looks at current issues with Service accommodation including reports of poor maintenance, increased rents and uncertainty over future accommodation plans.
School inspections in England: Ofsted
Published Thursday, June 15, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN07091
This briefing paper gives answers to some common questions on Ofsted inspections of state-funded schools in England. It looks at the practicalities of inspection and the implications of Ofsted gradings. It also provides information on current topical issues in inspection.

Topic: Schools

Leaving the European Union: UK Climate Change Policy
Published Thursday, June 15, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0022
This House of Lords Library briefing provides an overview of a selection of European legislation which relates to climate change, and outlines how it has been implemented in the UK. The briefing discusses the potential implications of leaving the EU on targets set into UK law and briefly states the UK’s international commitments to reducing greenhouse gas emissions. It also provides additional information on greenhouse gas emissions from EU countries and their climate change domestic legislation.
Constituency Casework: Honours
Published Thursday, June 15, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7627
This Commons Library briefing covers the questions frequently asked of MPs about the way someone receives an honour and how an honour might be removed.
National Minimum Wage Statistics
Published Thursday, June 15, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7735
This briefing looks at trends in the value of the UK National Minimum Wage, the number of jobs paid at the National Minimum Wage and how the National Minimum Wage compares internationally.

Topics: Employment, Pay

Railway rolling stock (trains)
Published Thursday, June 15, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN03146
This paper gives a brief overview of the GB train fleet, explains who owns the trains and how they are leased to the companies that provide train services. It also looks at four big rolling stock procurements: InterCity Express, Thameslink, Crossrail and HS2 and sets out the policies of successive governments.

Topic: Railways

Rising Sea Levels
Published Thursday, June 15, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0555
Sea level rise increases the frequency and severity of coastal flooding and rates of coastal erosion. Sea level rise will continue far beyond the 21st century, even if global temperature increase is limited to 2°C above pre-industrial levels. This POSTnote sets out the causes and likely future levels of sea level rise and its implications. It updates POSTnote 363 on Sea Level Rise, published in September 2010.

Displaying 81-100 out of 7072

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

POST

The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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