Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 81-100 out of 108

Energy Bill [HL]
Published Wednesday, May 4, 2011 | Commons Briefing papers RP11-36
This briefing on the Energy Bill has been prepared for the Second Reading Debate in the House of Commons. The flagship policy in the Bill is the “Green Deal”, a scheme whereby homes would be given finance upfront to make energy efficiency improvements, which would then be paid for by energy bill savings. The Bill would also set up a new obligation on energy companies to help certain groups of consumers with saving energy, who need extra support. The Bill also introduces a range of other measures designed to improve energy efficiency; such as facilitating the roll-out of smart meters, widening access to energy performance certificates and making information on energy bills clearer. The Bill also provides measures designed to help improve energy security, to encourage low carbon generation and to grant additional powers to the Coal Authority to charge for certain services.
Fuel Poverty: Topical Social Indicators Page
Published Wednesday, January 12, 2011 | Commons Briefing papers SN05821
Trends in the level of fuel poverty and variations by household and dwelling characteristics

Topic: Fuel poverty

Cold Weather Payments for winter 2010/2011
Published Thursday, December 23, 2010 | Commons Briefing papers SN05811
Cold Weather Payments are made to certain claimants of means-tested benefits during periods of very cold weather. To trigger the £25 payments, the average temperature in an area must be recorded as, or forecast to be, 0°C or below for seven consecutive days.
Savings Account and Health in Pregnancy Grant Bill: Committee Stage Report
Published Thursday, November 18, 2010 | Commons Briefing papers RP10-77
The Bill gives effect to decisions made as part of the initial review of public expenditure undertaken soon after the 2010 General Election. This Paper summarises proceedings in the Commons Committee Stage of the Bill. Several amendments proposed but none were successful. The paper complements Research Paper 10/66, which was prepared for the Second Reading of the Bill.
Global Economic Crisis & developing countries
Published Friday, April 30, 2010 | Commons Briefing papers SN05146
This note was last published on 26 August 2009 and will not be updated. In the early stages of the financial crisis there were hopes that it would be largely contained within developed economies, with developing economies having 'decoupled' from them. These early hopes proved unfounded, with developing countries struck by declining trade, a loss of investor confidence and withdrawal of investment, a fall in the value of vital remittances, and much reduced growth and contraction in some cases. There are also fears that aid flows may suffer in the aftermath of the crisis. This note summarises key reports and statistics, with links to further resources.
Sustainable Communities Act 2007 (Amendment) Bill [Bill 21 of 2009-10]
Published Wednesday, February 24, 2010 | Commons Briefing papers RP10-16
The Bill seeks to amend the 2007 Act by setting a deadline for the Secretary of State to initiate the next round of proposals for enhancing the sustainability of local communities from local authorities under the Act. It provides for regulations to be made specifying the rules for this process. These are also to cover parish council involvement and the role of local petitioning. There is also provision for greater flexibility in decision-making on proposals.
Support for domestic energy users
Published Monday, January 25, 2010 | Commons Briefing papers SN04873
This note sets out financial support available to domestic energy consumers, including grants for central heating, insulation, microgeneration equipment and social security measures. It also explains how to seek advice or information about gas and electricity problems from Consumer Direct and the Energy Ombudsman.
Cold Weather Payments
Published Friday, January 22, 2010 | Commons Briefing papers SN00696
Cold Weather Payments. By Steven Kennedy. SN/SP/696.
Energy Bill. Bill 7 2009-10.
Published Thursday, December 3, 2009 | Commons Briefing papers RP09-88
The Bill would introduce: a carbon capture and storage incentive to support the construction of up to four UK demonstration projects, to be chosen in a competition; mandatory social price support to lower energy bills (social tariffs) for the most vulnerable, which would replace the current voluntary agreement which expires in 2011. It would also add ensuring security of supply and protecting consumers to the objectives of the regulator, Ofgem; increase the regulator’s powers to deal with exploitation of electricity distribution constraints by generators; and increase Ofgem’s power to fine companies. It would give the Secretary of State the power to ban cross-subsidy between gas and electricity accounts.
Child Poverty Bill: Committee Stage Report. Bill 10 2009-10.
Published Thursday, December 3, 2009 | Commons Briefing papers RP09-89
The Bill fulfils the Government’s commitment made in September 2008 to enshrine the 2020 child poverty target in legislation. It establishes four separate child poverty targets to be met by 2020/21, requires the UK Government to publish a regular UK child poverty strategy, requires the Scottish and Northern Irish Ministers to publish child poverty strategies, establishes a Child Poverty Commission to provide advice, requires the UK Government to publish annual progress reports, and places new duties on local authorities and other “delivery partners”’ in England to work together to tackle child poverty.
UK income inequality (with international comparisons)
Published Thursday, July 30, 2009 | Commons Briefing papers SN03870
Income inequality has generally increased over the past two decades, stablising on one measure, but increasing further on another. This note updates Library Research Paper (RP04/70), Incomes, Wealth & Inequality. It includes the 2007/08 UK data and European/OECD comparisons.
Progress towards the 2010/11 child poverty target, the 2020 target & the Child Poverty Bill
Published Thursday, July 2, 2009 | Commons Briefing papers SN03314
The Government set targets to reduce child poverty by a quarter between 1998/99 and 2004/05, as a step towards halving it by 2010/11 and a goal of 'eradicating' it by 2020. A Bill to enhsrine the 2020 target has been published. A Library research paper on the bil is aviailable at http://www.parliament.uk/commons/lib/research/rp2009/RP09-062.pdf The 2004/05 target was missed (see SN/EP/4759 for details). A new composite measure of three indicators was then adopted, one of which constitutes the national target of halving child poverty by 2010/11.
Child Poverty Bill. Bill 112 of 2008-09
Published Tuesday, June 30, 2009 | Commons Briefing papers RP09-62
This briefing on the Child Poverty Bill has been prepared for the Second Reading debate on the Bill in the House of Commons.
Poverty: Regional statistics
Published Friday, May 15, 2009 | Commons Briefing papers SN04627
This note explains why constituency-level poverty data are not available (apart from in Northern Ireland). It gives region/country level data (Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland and the English regions) for poverty among the whole population, children, working-age adults and pensioners (with times series back to 1994/95 in a supplementary spreadsheet).
Income and earnings by constituency: availability of data
Published Monday, March 23, 2009 | Commons Briefing papers SN05017
Members of Parliament often express interest in incomes at a local level, and at the Parliamentary constituency level in particular. However, limited income statistics are available for smaller geographies, such as constituencies. This note outlines what is available at the constituency level.
Fuel Poverty Bill (Bill 11 of 2008-09)
Published Tuesday, March 17, 2009 | Commons Briefing papers RP09-25
This Bill would bring in three measures: an energy efficiency programme to bring existing homes up to current energy efficiency levels; social tariffs to limit vulnerable households' exposure to high energy bills; and reinforcement of the legal duty on the Government to act to end fuel poverty.

Topic: Fuel poverty

Delaying gratification, March 2009
Published Sunday, March 1, 2009 | POSTnotes POST-PN-328
This POSTnote looks at the influence of time in decision making, and looks at the implications for policy domains such as pensions, health and consumer affairs.
Saving Gateway Accounts Bill : Committee Stage report (Bill 3 of 2008-09)
Published Monday, February 23, 2009 | Commons Briefing papers RP09-16
This short Bill establishes a government subsidised savings scheme for people of working age on low incomes. The Saving Gateway has been trialled in several regions; the Bill establishes a scheme for the whole of the country.
Saving Gateway Accounts Bill (Bill 3 of 2008-09)
Published Friday, January 9, 2009 | Commons Briefing papers RP09-02
This short Bill establishes a government subsidised savings scheme for people of working age on low incomes. The Saving Gateway has been trialled in several regions; the Bill establishes a scheme for the whole of the country.
Energy price rises and their impact on demand
Published Monday, October 6, 2008 | Commons Briefing papers SN04850
Social Indicators article which looks at price rises across different sectors in recent years, the impact on demand and the implications of this. This subject will be looked at in greater detail in the Library talk on 3 November: http://hcl1.hclibrary.parliament.uk/whatsnew/talks.asp#144

Displaying 81-100 out of 108

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