Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 81-100 out of 289

Brexit: what impact on those currently exercising free movement rights?
Published Tuesday, July 11, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7871
This Commons Library briefing paper addresses the question of the status, post-Brexit, of EU citizens currently resident in the UK and those British citizens living elsewhere in the EU. It is updated to include a summary of the Government's proposals of 26 June 2017.
Supply of Medical Radioisotopes
Published Tuesday, July 11, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0558
A POSTnote that highlights the critical role of radioactive isotopes used in medicine, and outlines the challenges for the UK in ensuring their future supply.
Consultation with disabled people on the effect on their services of the UK leaving the EU
Published Monday, July 10, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0136
This House of Commons Library Debate Pack briefing provides information in anticipation of a debate entitled "Consultation with disabled people on the effect on their services of the UK leaving the EU". This debate is sponsored by Dr Lisa Cameron MP and will take place on Tuesday 11th July at 4.30pm in Westminster Hall.
UK tax after the EU referendum
Published Friday, July 7, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7630
Taxation is very largely a Member State competence. The implications of the UK lying outside the EU are likely to be less significant for taxation compared with other policy areas. This short note discusses the balance of competences between the UK and the EU with regard to tax law, before looking at the brief comment that has been made, to date, on this aspect of Brexit.
The abolition of mobile roaming charges and Brexit
Published Thursday, July 6, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8034
A Commons Library Briefing Paper on the the regulation of mobile roaming charges in the EU, the abolition of mobile roaming charges in the EU, what it means for UK consumers, and the possible impact of Brexit.
Supreme Court of the United Kingdom: Changes to Membership
Published Wednesday, July 5, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0038
In July 2017, it is expected that three new appointments to the Supreme Court will be announced, including the selection of a new President. In 2018 three further Justices are expected to retire, creating additional vacancies. In light of these anticipated appointments, this House of Lords Library briefing provides information on the background, functions and membership of the Supreme Court.
Brexit: What next for UK fisheries?
Published Tuesday, July 4, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7669
The implications of Brexit for fisheries are highly uncertain and will depend on future negotiations with the EU and future UK Government policy. The Government announced its intention to introduce a new Fisheries Bill in the 2017 Queen's Speech.
European Union (Approvals) Bill 2017-19
Published Thursday, June 29, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8025
What is an EU (Approvals) Bill and why is one needed now? This Bill concerns draft EU proposals concerning Albania and Serbia participating as observers in the EU's Fundamental Rights Agency, and an agreement between the EU and Canada on competition laws. This paper provides background on the proposals and explains why an Act of Parliament is needed for the UK Government to approve them in the Council of the European Union.
Air Quality in London
Published Wednesday, June 28, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0035
This House of Lords Library briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate scheduled to take place in the House of Lords on 3 July on the case for improving air quality in London. It provides an overview of the regulation of air pollution, the impact of air pollution on health and plans by the Government and the Mayor of London to improve air quality.
Brexit: red lines and starting principles
Published Thursday, June 22, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7938
What has the UK Government said about its strategy for the Brexit negotiations? The Prime Minister and the Brexit Secretary have set out their views in speeches and white papers, and now the EU institutions have set out theirs. They often coincide, but there are areas that could be difficult to resolve. This paper summarises the starting points of the UK and the EU institutions at the beginning of the Article 50 process.
Queen's Speech 2017 Day 4: Exiting the European Union
Published Monday, June 19, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0026
This Lords Library briefing has been prepared in advance of the forthcoming Queen’s Speech, which is due to take place on 21 June 2017. The House of Lords is due to debate the Queen’s Speech over five days between 22 and 29 June 2017. This briefing is one of five prepared by the House of Lords Library to cover the themes of each day of debate.
Leaving the European Union: UK Climate Change Policy
Published Thursday, June 15, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0022
This House of Lords Library briefing provides an overview of a selection of European legislation which relates to climate change, and outlines how it has been implemented in the UK. The briefing discusses the potential implications of leaving the EU on targets set into UK law and briefly states the UK’s international commitments to reducing greenhouse gas emissions. It also provides additional information on greenhouse gas emissions from EU countries and their climate change domestic legislation.
Brexit and Gibraltar
Published Tuesday, May 2, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7963
When the UK leaves the EU Gibraltar., a British Overseas Territory, will leave too. But could special arrangements be negotiated for Gibraltar? Will Spain cooperate in the negotiations between the EU and the UK or could Gibraltar become a bargaining chip for Spain to push its sovereignty claim? This paper considers Gibraltar's constitutional status and some of the possible impacts of Brexit.
Leaving the European Union: Status of Gibraltar
Published Tuesday, May 2, 2017 | Lords In Focus LIF-2017-0041
This House of Lords Library briefing provides background on the government, economy and society of Gibraltar, its historical status, and information on recent debates concerning its sovereignty following the result of the 2016 EU referendum.
Legislating for Brexit: the Great Repeal Bill
Published Tuesday, May 2, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7793
The UK Government triggered Article 50 on 29 March 2017, beginning the formal process of negotiating the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union (EU). Leaving the EU will require major changes to the statute book and to the UK’s constitutional framework.
Cyber Security of UK Infrastructure
Published Tuesday, May 2, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0554
The Government has identified ‘cyber’ as one of six Tier 1 threats to UK national security. This POSTnote focuses on the cyber security of the UK’s critical national infrastructure, describing measures to improve cyber security and challenges in implementing them. It also reviews the new National Cyber Security Strategy, along with international policy and legislation.
EU Agencies and post-Brexit options
Published Friday, April 28, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7957
What are EU agencies and what do they do? Will the UK be able to participate in their activities after Brexit? And what will happen to the two that are based in the UK? This paper looks at the roles and functions of EU agencies, the issues surrounding the two UK-based agencies, and whether there are options for continued UK participation after Brexit.
The European Arrest Warrant
Published Tuesday, April 18, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN07016
This note considers the European Arrest Warrant, including an overview of the benefits it brings and the criticisms it gives rise to. Parliament has made a number of recent changes to the regime aimed at addressing criticism, and subsequently voted in favour of the UK remaining within the European Arrest Warrant framework.
Brexit: implications for national security
Published Sunday, April 9, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7798
This paper examines the possible impact of Brexit on national security.

Displaying 81-100 out of 289

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The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.


The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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