Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 81-100 out of 371

Transport in Scotland, Wales & Northern Ireland
Published Monday, June 12, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN03156
This paper explains how transport has been devolved from Westminster to Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. It gives information on those areas which remain reserved to Westminster and where you can find more information about devolved policies.
Cycling: FAQs
Published Monday, June 12, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN01097
This paper is designed to provide information on some of the areas of cycling policy most frequently of interest to MPs and their staff such as government policy, funding, safety and the ‘rules of the road’.

Topics: Cycling, Taxation

Cyber Security of UK Infrastructure
Published Tuesday, May 2, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0554
The Government has identified ‘cyber’ as one of six Tier 1 threats to UK national security. This POSTnote focuses on the cyber security of the UK’s critical national infrastructure, describing measures to improve cyber security and challenges in implementing them. It also reviews the new National Cyber Security Strategy, along with international policy and legislation.
EU Agencies and post-Brexit options
Published Friday, April 28, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7957
What are EU agencies and what do they do? Will the UK be able to participate in their activities after Brexit? And what will happen to the two that are based in the UK? This paper looks at the roles and functions of EU agencies, the issues surrounding the two UK-based agencies, and whether there are options for continued UK participation after Brexit.
Quantum Technologies
Published Monday, April 24, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0552
Quantum Technologies use the behaviour of matter and light that is normally only observed at very small scales. This POSTnote introduces recent advances, applications, and UK initiatives to support their development and commercialisation. It also reviews policy concerns such as privacy, access to new technologies and secure communications.
Crossrail 1 & 2
Published Wednesday, April 12, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN00876
This paper provides information on the two London rail projects Crossrail 1 (the Elizabeth Line) and Crossrail 2. The former is nearing completion; the second is in the planning stages.

Topic: Railways

Parliamentary debate 19/4/17: A diesel vehicle scrappage scheme
Published Monday, April 10, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0111
This debate will take place between 9.30 and 11.00 am on 19 September in Westminster Hall. The Member who secured the debate is Neil Parish MP (Con., Tiverton and Honiton).

Topics: Pollution, Roads

Merchant Shipping (Homosexual Conduct) Bill: Briefing for Lords Stages
Published Monday, April 3, 2017 | Lords In Focus LIF-2017-0031
This House of Lords Library briefing provides information in support of the House of Lords second reading of the Merchant Shipping (Homosexual Conduct) Bill scheduled to take place on 6 April 2017.
Vehicle Technology and Aviation Bill 2016-17
Published Thursday, March 2, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7872
This paper explains the policy background to and contents and purpose of the Vehicle Technology and Aviation Bill 2016-17 (HC Bill 143). The Bill was introduced in the House of Commons on 22 February 2017. It is scheduled to receive Second Reading on 6 March.
Future Energy Efficiency Policy
Published Monday, February 27, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0550
This POSTnote outlines the benefits and costs of future improvements in energy efficiency across various UK sectors. It then describes the barriers to energy efficiency measures, outlines options for future energy efficiency policy and summarises analyses of the effectiveness of different policy options.
Rail fares and ticketing
Published Thursday, February 23, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN01904
This paper explains the rail fares framework, including who sets fares, what constitutes a ‘regulated’ fare, how regulated fare levels are calculated and it also looks at the question of why fares go up. It also explores changes to ticketing – including smart and flexible ticketing, travel cards and penalty fares.

Topic: Railways

Nuisance from helicopters and light aircraft
Published Wednesday, February 22, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN04059
This short paper summarises the law in respect of helicopter and light aircraft noise; safety when flying low over built up areas; permitted development for landing sites and routes of complaint if an aircraft breaches those rules.

Topic: Aviation

Parking Places (Variation of Charges) Bill: Briefing for Lords Stages
Published Monday, February 20, 2017 | Lords In Focus LIF-2017-0017
This House of Lords Library briefing provides background reading in advance of the second reading of the Parking Places (Variation of Charges) Bill in the House of Lords on Friday 24 February 2017.
Aviation noise
Published Monday, February 13, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN00261
This paper briefly looks at the impacts of aviation noise on those who live underneath flight paths and close to airports and explains the various measures put forward to tackle noise pollution, including flight restrictions and charges; better airspace design, and quieter aircraft.

Topics: Aviation, Pollution

Night flights at Heathrow, Gatwick & Stansted
Published Monday, February 6, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN01252
This paper explains how the night flight regimes at the UK’s three designated airports, Heathrow, Gatwick and Stansted, are set and what the current proposals are for the period 2017-22.
The Royal Navy's new frigates and the National Shipbuilding Strategy: February 2017 update
Published Thursday, February 2, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7737
The Government will publish a National Shipbuilding Strategy in 2017. This House of Commons briefing paper examines the Type 26 and Type 31 programmes and Sir John Parker's report.
Parliamentary debate 31/1/17: Future operation of the Severn Bridges
Published Wednesday, January 25, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0035
This debate will take place between 2.30 and 4.00 pm on 31 January in Westminster Hall. The Member who secured the debate is Jessica Morden MP (Lab., Newport East).

Topic: Roads

Road Traffic Offenders (Surrender of Driving Licences Etc) Bill
Published Wednesday, January 25, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7879
This Bill is essentially intended to update the law in relation to the production and surrender of driving licences, making changes principally to the Road Traffic Offenders Act 1988 and to the Road Traffic (New Drivers) Act 1995, with consequential adjustment of other statutes affected.

Topic: Roads

Transport: passenger rights, compensation and complaints
Published Wednesday, January 18, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN03163
This briefing paper provides information on passenger rights, compensation and how to make a complaint across four forms of transport: rail, bus and coach, air and sea (ferries and cruise ships).

Displaying 81-100 out of 371

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.


The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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