Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 121-140 out of 437

Extension of Grammar Schools and Selection in Education
Published Friday, October 7, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0049
This Lords Library briefing provides information further to the Government’s proposals for the extension of grammar schools and selection in education.
Wales Bill: Briefing for Lords Stages
Published Tuesday, October 4, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0048
This Lords Library briefing provides background to the Wales Bill and highlights the key amendments made and discussions held during its passage through the Commons.
Local Libraries and Independent Bookshops in the UK
Published Thursday, September 29, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0047
This House of Lords Library briefing provides information on local libraries and independent bookshops in the UK.
Canadian Senate Reform: Recent Developments
Published Tuesday, September 13, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0046
This House of Lords Library briefing provides an overview of recent developments in the Canadian Senate appointments process and highlights the work of a special Canadian Senate Committee on Senate modernisation, which has taken evidence on the experience of the House of Lords from individuals including Lord Hope of Craighead, Convenor of the Crossbench Peers.
Fragile States: Effects of Conflict
Published Friday, September 9, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0045
This Lords Library briefing provides information on fragile states and the effects of conflict, including information on widows.
Tackling Drug-Resistant Infections Globally
Published Wednesday, September 7, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0044
This House of Lords Library briefing has been prepared for the debate in the House of Lords on the final report of the Review on Antimicrobial Resistance, Tackling Drug-resistant Infections Globally: Final Report and Recommendations, scheduled for 15 September 2016.
UK-Commonwealth Trade
Published Friday, August 5, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0043
This House of Lords Library briefing examines the trade relationship between the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth countries. It provides a brief overview of UK trade, including information on its largest export market and largest source of imports. It then discusses Commonwealth trade, focussing on intra-Commonwealth trade. Finally it examines UK-Commonwealth trade relations and summarises a range of recent statements and commentary pertaining to the future of those trade relationships in the context of the European Union referendum result.
Health and Social Care Act 2012: Performance and Sustainability of the NHS
Published Wednesday, August 3, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0042
This Library briefing has been prepared ahead of the forthcoming debate on the impact of the Health and Social Care Act 2012 on the current performance of the National Health Service and its future sustainability. It provides a summary of the changes brought in by the Health and Social Care Act 2012, presents statistics on NHS performance and provides information on recent developments in regard to the issue of the NHS’s finances and its sustainability.
Lobbying and Political Campaigning: Charities and Trade Unions
Published Tuesday, August 2, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0041
This House of Lords Library briefing sets out the legislation that regulates the statutory register of lobbyists, and outlines the rules governing the ability of charities and trade unions to engage in political activity and to campaign in relation to elections. This briefing has been written in preparation for the debate in the House of Lords on 8 September 2016 on the role that charities, trade unions and civil society groupings play in a democracy and the case for regulating lobbying activities.

Topics: Charities, Ministers

Living Conditions, Health and Wellbeing of Palestinian Children
Published Friday, July 15, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0040
This House of Lords Library briefing has been withdrawn pending revision.
NHS and Social Care Workforce: Implications of Leaving the European Union
Published Friday, July 15, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0039
This Library briefing has been prepared ahead of the forthcoming debate on the implications of the European Union referendum result on the NHS and social care workforce, particularly with regard to ‘safe’ staffing levels. It details statistics on the numbers of citizens from other EU member states currently working in the NHS and social care; examines a range of commentary and reaction to the result of the referendum on the UK’s membership of the European Union and the potential implications for staffing in the NHS; and briefly examines the debate and recent developments on the issue of ‘safe’ staffing levels.
Regional Representation in the House of Lords
Published Thursday, July 14, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0038
This House of Lords Library briefing provides an analysis of Members’ registered address locations from the January 2016 expenses data and provides an indicative picture of the regional breakdown of the House of Lords. Data is also provided from August 2013 and September 2011 for comparative purposes.
Resourcing and Staffing of the Courts
Published Monday, July 11, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0037
This Lords Library briefing has been prepared for the debate to take place in the House of Lords on Thursday 14 July, about staffing and resourcing of the courts. It provides an overview of HM courts reform, in particular it focuses on the proposed closure of further courts but also touches upon the move to a digitised and more flexible court system and issues that have been raised in response to the proposed reform.
Causes of Poverty in the United Kingdom
Published Thursday, July 7, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0036
This House of Lords Library briefing has been prepared ahead of a debate that is scheduled to take place in the House on 14 July 2016 on the following motion: “[...] that this House takes note of the case for tackling the causes of poverty in the United Kingdom”.
Policing and Crime Bill: Briefing for Lords Stages
Published Tuesday, July 5, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0035
This House of Lords Library briefing provides an overview of the provisions of the Policing and Crime Bill. It focuses on the provisions of the Bill which concern the emergency services; the police complaints and disciplinary systems; the police workforce; police powers; and the protection of children and vulnerable adults. It outlines the policy background in those areas, and a summary of some of the key amendments made to the Bill during committee and report stages in the House of Commons.
Leaving the EU: Parliament's Role in the Process
Published Monday, July 4, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0034
Following the result of the referendum held on 23 June 2016, this House of Lords Library briefing examines what Parliament’s role would be in the process of withdrawing from the European Union in several key areas: invoking Article 50; overseeing the negotiation process; ratifying agreements; repealing and reviewing domestic legislation. This is an updated version of the briefing issued on 30 June 2016.
Historical Child Sex Abuse Investigations
Published Monday, June 27, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0033
A number of investigations into historical child sex abuse in the UK have been launched by the police and public institutions in recent years. This follows allegations that claims of child sex abuse made against public figures had not been properly investigated in the past. This briefing focuses on the existing guidance for conducting these investigations and provides background information on recent investigations that have taken place. It has been written in preparation for a debate that is due to take place in the House of Lords on 30 June 2016 on the case for introducing statutory guidelines relating to the investigation of cases of historical child sex abuse.
Investigatory Powers Bill: Briefing for Lords Stages
Published Tuesday, June 21, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0032
This House of Lords Library briefing provides an overview of the provisions of the Investigatory Powers Bill ahead of its Lords stages.
Children and Social Work Bill [HL]: Briefing for Lords Stages
Published Thursday, June 9, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0031
This Lords Library briefing provides an overview of the Children and Social Work Bill, the background to it, and summarises reaction to date on the measures proposed in the Bill.
Bus Services Bill [HL]: Briefing for Lords Stages
Published Wednesday, June 1, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0030
This Lords Library briefing provides an overview of the Bus Services Bill and reaction to it, background to its introduction and a summary of the Bill’s clauses.

Displaying 121-140 out of 437

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

POST

The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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