NATO adopted a Readiness Action Plan in response to the 2014 Russia-Ukraine crisis. This note explains the main elements with a focus on the UK military contribution.Jump to full report >>
NATO adopted a two-pronged response to Russia’s actions in Ukraine 2014. These are divided into what it describes as Assurance and Adaptive measures.
The Assurance measures seek to reassure the members of the Alliance that border Russia. These include bolstering air policing and air surveillance in the Baltics and along NATO’s eastern flank and a more visible military presence in these states by means of additional exercises and training.
The Adaptive measures seek to adapt NATO’s force structure to strengthen the ability of the Alliance to respond to any crisis that may occur. These include significantly enlarging the existing Response Force, creating a new ‘spearhead’ force of around 5,000 troops, and pre-positioning equipment in member states along the eastern flank.
Some of these measures were adopted in April 2014 as part of NATO’s immediate response to Russia’s actions in Ukraine. They crystallised into the Readiness Action Plan adopted at NATO’s Summit in September 2014. The Plan reflects what NATO says is the “most significant strengthening” of its collective defence in decades. Further measures have been adopted at subsequent Defence Ministers meetings. The next NATO summit is in July 2016 in Warsaw, Poland.
Commons Briefing papers CBP-7276
Author: Louisa Brooke-Holland