House of Commons Library

Autumn Statement 2016: a summary

Published Wednesday, November 23, 2016

A summary of Autumn Statement 2016 and the Office for Budget Responsibility's forecasts for the economy and public finances.

Jump to full report >>

Autumn Statement 2016 was presented by the Chancellor of the Exchequer to Parliament on 23 November. At the same time the Office for Budget Responsibility (OBR) published updated forecasts in its economic and fiscal outlook.

This briefing provides an overview of the forecasts and key announcements. 

Government announcements

  • A National Productivity Investment Fund (NPIF) will be introduced, which will invest an average of around £5 billion a year between 2017/18 and 2021/22. The NPIF will be targeted at transport, digital communications, research and development and housing.
  • The Universal Credit taper will be reduced from 65% to 63% from April 2017. This means once claimants earn above the work allowances in Universal Credit they will be able to keep more of what they earn.
  • The National Living Wage will increase from £7.20 to £7.50 in April 2017. This follows the recommendations of the Low Pay Commission. The Government has also accepted the Low Pay Commission’s recommendations for the other National Minimum Wage rates.
  • Fuel duty will be frozen for the seventh successive year.
  • The standard rate of Insurance Premium Tax will increase from 10% to 12% from 1 June 2017. From 2018/19 this is estimated to raise around £850 million a year, making it the largest tax raising measure announced.
  • National Insurance contributions (NICs) thresholds for employers and employees will be aligned from April 2017. This means employees and employers will start paying National Insurance at the same amount of weekly earnings.
  • Tax and NICs advantages on some salary sacrifices will be removed. This means that employees swapping salary for other benefits will pay tax on these benefits. Exceptions include: pensions (including advice), childcare, Cycle to Work and ultralow emission cars.
  • £1 billion of savings from an efficiency review will be reinvested in priority areas. The review, announced in Budget 2016, is aiming to find savings for public spending of £3.5 billion in 2019/20.
  • A Northern Powerhouse strategy has been published.
  • Pay to Stay – under which local authority tenants with sufficient incomes would have been required to pay a market, or near market rent – is dropped. This was announced a couple of days prior to the Autumn Statement.
  • Letting agents’ fees to tenants will be banned.
  • Various measures to tackle tax avoidance and evasion will be introduced.
  • There will be minor amendments to business rates. Transitional reliefs, which are available to those whose bills will rise following the business rates revaluation, will be more generous. Rural rate relief will rise to 100%.
  • The Budget timetable to change. The Budget will take place in autumn from autumn 2017. From 2018 there will be a Spring Statement in which the Chancellor will respond to the OBR’s forecasts for the economy and public finances.

 

Office for Budget Responsibility (OBR) forecasts and the fiscal targets

  • The OBR revised down its forecasts for economic growth in 2017 and 2018, citing a weaker outlook for investment and therefore productivity growth as the main cause. The OBR’s growth forecast for 2016 was revised up slightly.

GDP growth forecasts

  • The OBR’s forecasts for government borrowing – often referred to as the deficit – have increased. Much of the change comes from the OBR updating their underlying forecast – allowing for changes in the economy and public finances – but some comes from policy decisions taken by the Government.

Government borrowing forecasts

  • The OBR’s forecasts for the debt-to-GDP ratio have increased in all years. The ratio is forecast to begin falling in 2018/19.
  • The Government has proposed new fiscal targets and published these in a revised Charter for Budget Responsibility. If the Charter is approved by Parliament the new targets will be officially assessed by the OBR alongside Budget 2017.
  • The revised targets include: 
    • a fiscal mandate to reduce cyclically-adjusted public sector net borrowing to below 2% of GDP by 2020/21. The OBR describes the proposed fiscal mandate as 'much looser' than the previous target which focuses on a budget surplus in 2019/20.
    • a target for public sector net debt as a percentage of GDP to be falling in 2020/21.
    • a revised welfare cap. The target is now for relevant welfare spending to be within the cap in 2021/22.
  • The targets can be reviewed if there is a significant negative shock to the UK economy. The Charter doesn’t define what would be considered a significant negative shock.
  • The Treasury’s objective for fiscal policy – to which the revised targets will contribute – is for the public finances to reach balance as early as possible in the next Parliament.

 

Commons Briefing papers CBP-7797

Author: Matthew Keep

Topics: Economic policy, Economic situation, Public expenditure, Taxation

Share this page

Stay up to date

  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts Commons Briefing papers

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.