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ESA and PIP reassessments

Published Friday, October 27, 2017

This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the rules on reassessment of existing Employment and Support Allowance and Personal Independence Payment claimants. Starting from 29 September 2017, some ESA claimants with the most severe conditions will not have to face reassessment. All PIP claimants will however continue to be reassessed periodically.

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In October 2016 the Government announced that it intended to exempt some ESA claimants with the most severe health conditions and disabilities from future reassessments.

On 29 September 2017, the Department for Work and Pensions announced the criteria for "switching off" ESA reassessments.  From that date, ESA claimants in the Support Group and Universal Credit claimants with limited capability for work and work-related activity (LCWRA) attending a Work Capability Assessment will no longer need to be reassessed if they:

  • have a severe, lifelong disability, illness or health condition; and
  • are unlikely to ever be able to move into work

Claimants will be told if they will not be reassessed following their WCA.

This does not however apply to Personal Independence Payment claimants, all of whom will continue to be reassessed periodically. For the most severely disabled PIP claimants however, the interval before their claim is reviewed may be up to 10 years, and may involve a “light touch” process not requiring a further face to face assessment.




Commons Briefing papers CBP-7820

Authors: Steven Kennedy; Manjit Gheera

Topics: Benefits administration, Benefits policy, Sickness, disability and carers' benefits

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