This debate pack has been prepared ahead of the debate to be held in Westminster Hall on Wednesday 26 April at 4.30pm on Upper catchment management. The Member in charge of the debate is Rachael Maskell MP.Jump to full report >>
A catchment is a geographic area of land defined naturally by the flow of rainfall into a body of water, such as a river. The specific pressures on a catchment vary depending on the geology, climate and environmental sensitivity of the catchment, as well as the type of land and water uses in the catchment (for example: farming practices, water supply, recreation and industrial activity).
The type and extent of land and water uses in a catchment, as well as the state of the natural environment, has an impact on matters such as:
Catchment management can therefore involve a range of different approaches across a catchment in order to achieve a number of different outcomes. These include flood risk management, managing and improving water quality, water abstraction management, improving habitats or restoring landscapes and soil quality.
Upland or upstream management can refer to the location of the relevant measures within the catchment. For example, a measure such as managing peatland and forestry at the upstream point of the water body to mitigate the impacts of flooding. There are a number of pilot schemes looking at the science and evidence around such measures. More information on the example of flood risk management is provided below.
Some useful resources on this topic are:
Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0122
Authors: Alison Pratt; Sara Priestley