This House of Lords briefing provides an overview of the Battle of Jutland, the only major naval battle of the First World War. The battle started on the afternoon of 31 May 1916, and lasted until the early hours of 1 June 1916. It was the only time that the German High Seas Fleet and the British Grand Fleet confronted each other. The briefing has been prepared to mark the centenary of the battle, and also provides information on the series of commemorative events that have been planned.Jump to full report >>
The Battle of Jutland, which began on 31 May 1916, was the only major naval battle of the First World War, and the only time that the German High Seas Fleet and the British Grand Fleet confronted each other. The battle was fought in the North Sea, off the coast of Denmark’s Jutland peninsula. The battle was “confused and bloody”, with the British losing 14 ships and over 6,000 men, and the Germans losing eleven ships and over 2,500 men. After the battle both sides claimed victory. The German Fleet had inflicted greater losses on the British Fleet, but the Grand Fleet remained the dominant naval force after the battle. The British navy were able to secure its control of shipping lanes, allowing Britain to implement the blockade, which according to Nick Hewett of the Imperial War Museums, “contribut[ed] to Germany’s eventual defeat in 1918”.
The British Government has announced that it will hold a series of commemorations to mark the centenary of the battle, including a number of events in the Orkney Islands.
Lords In Focus LIF-2016-0029
Author: Sarah Tudor
Topic: Armed forces
The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.