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House of Lords: Party and Group Strengths and Voting

Published Thursday, July 23, 2015

This Library Note presents statistics on the relative size of the three largest political parties and the politically unaligned groups in the House of Lords. It also presents select statistics on voting behaviour in the House.

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The relative size of the political parties in the House of Lords has been a source of debate for many years. While governments are generally formed on the basis of a majority following elections to the House of Commons, they do not necessarily enjoy an overall numerical majority in the Lords, and to a greater or lesser extent often rely on convention rather than voting strength to progress their legislative programmes through the second chamber. However, the composition of the House has changed over time. The implementation of the House of Lords Act 1999 removed the majority of hereditary peers, and represented a major change in the composition of the House.

This Library Note presents statistics on the relative size of the three largest political parties and the politically unaligned groups in the House of Lords. It also presents select statistics on voting behaviour in the House.

 

Lords Library notes LLN-2015-0023

Author: Charley Coleman

Topic: House of Lords

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House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.