Recent government policy emphasises putting education at the heart of youth custody. A review of the youth justice system is due to be published in summer 2016. This POSTnote looks at the literature on the provision and quality of education in youth custody in England and Wales. And it examines the challenges in providing education to a population with particular needs.Jump to full report >>
Around 1,000 childen, aged between 10 and 17 years, are being held in youth custody at any one time. They are held in three types of establishment, and the provision of education varies across these in terms of the subjects and qualification levels offered and the amount of education time provided.
There are mandated hours for education in youth custody, not not all children are receiving these hours. Reasons for this include children being in segregation, which prevents them from getting to classes.
Children in custody are more likely than the general population to have needs that directly inhibit their ability to engage actively with education. These include:
An overview of the current process of accessing mainstream education on release from custody, described as resettlement, is provided in POSTbrief 021 Children in Custody: Education Provision in Resettlement.
POST would like to thank the following interviewees for kindly giving up their time during the preparation of this briefing:
Authors: Jane Tinkler; Suzannah Ravenscroft
The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.