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High Speed 2 (HS2) Phase 1

Published Thursday, March 31, 2016

This note provides information on Phase 1 of HS2 from London to Birmingham, including the scheme design, Parliamentary scrutiny and compensation arrangements.

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HS2 is a proposed infrastructure project to build a high speed rail line from London to Manchester and Leeds, via Birmingham, to begin operation in 2026 and be completed in 2032. It was supported by the Labour Government after 2009 and has had the support of the Conservatives in government since May 2010.

HS2 will be delivered in three phases:

  • Phase 1 from London Euston to Birmingham Curzon Street and Lichfield with intermediate stations in West London (at old Oak Common) and at Birmingham Airport;
  • Phase 2a from the West Midlands to Crewe; and
  • Phase 2b comprising an eastern leg from the West Midlands to Leeds New Lane with intermediate stations in the East Midlands and South Yorkshire; and a western leg from Crewe to Manchester with an intermediate station at Manchester Airport.

In total, the scheme is estimated to cost £55.7 billion in 2015 prices (including rolling stock).

This note deals only with Phase 1 of the scheme and includes information on the Hybrid Bill subsequent to Commons Second Reading. Background information on the Bill can be found in RP14/24 and information on the Additional Provisions (APs) made to the Bill and be found in CBP7213 for AP2, CBP7299 for AP3 and 4; and CBP7413 for AP5.

Information on Phases 2a and 2b, and high speed rail schemes beyond that (e.g. HS3), can be found in a separate paper, SN7082.

General background information on the HS2 scheme can be found in RP 11/75.

All of the above are also available on the Railways Topical Page of the Parliament website. 

Commons Briefing papers SN00316

Author: Louise Butcher

Topic: Railways

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