The Habitual Residence Test

Published 18 May 2011

The Habitual Residence Test is applied to people (unless they are exempt categories) who have recently arrived in the country and who make a claim for certain means-tested social security benefits, or seek housing assistance from a local authority.

Jump to full report >>

The Habitual Residence Test was introduced on 1 August 1994. The test is applied to all people (unless they fall into one of the exempt categories), including returning British nationals , who have recently arrived in the country and who claim certain means-tested social security benefits, or seek housing assistance from a local authority. For benefit purposes, a person who fails the Habitual Residence Test is treated as a ‘person from abroad’ and is therefore ineligible for benefit.

Commons Briefing papers SN00416

Author: Steven Kennedy

Topics: Immigration, Family benefits, Housing benefits, Working age benefits, Benefits policy

Share this page

Stay up to date

  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts Commons Briefing papers

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.