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Productivity: Key Economic Indicators

Published Friday, June 9, 2017

Latest statistics showing changes in UK productivity and comparisons of UK productivity with other G7 countries.

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One of the most important factors in determining living standards is productivity – how much output is produced for a given input (such as an hour of work).

The more efficient the economy is, the more that can be produced in a sustainable fashion. In other words, higher productivity growth leads to a higher long-term growth rate of the economy.

Economic theory states that labour productivity also determines wages: the more productive an employee is, the more they are likely to be paid.

UK productivity

The average increase historically in the UK has been about 2% but in the seven years since the recession began, productivity has stagnated. The Office for National Statistics in March 2015 said this is “unprecedented in the post-war period”.

Productivity levels in UK

Productivity across the whole UK economy decreased by 0.5% in Q1 2017 compared with the previous quarter, and was only 0.4% higher compared with a year before in Q1 2016.

International comparisons

In 2015, ranked on GDP per hour, the UK came fifth highest out of the G7 countries, with Germany top and Japan bottom. UK productivity was 19 percentage points below the average of the rest of the G7 countries, the same gap as in 2014 and the largest since at least 1995 (when the ONS data series began).

G7 productivity comparisons


Commons Briefing papers SN02791

Author: Daniel Harari

Topics: Economic situation, Employment

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