House of Commons Library

Employment - National: Key Economic Indicators

Published Tuesday, June 12, 2018

A summary of the latest data on employment in the UK.

Jump to full report >>

32.39 million people were in employment in February-April 2018. Employment increased by 146,000 compared to the previous quarter and was 440,000 higher than the year before.

The employment rate (the proportion of the population aged 16-64 in work) was 75.6%. This is the joint highest rate since comparable records began in 1971. It compares to a post-recession low of 70.1% in July-September 2011.

UK employment rate

Male and female employment

15.26 million women were in work, 112,000 more than the previous quarter and 275,000 more than a year ago. The female employment rate was 71.3%. Recent increases in the rate are partly due to ongoing changes to the State Pension age for women.

17.13 million men were in work, 34,000 more than the previous quarter and 165,000 higher than the year before. The male employment rate was 80.0%.

Types of Employment

23.76 million people were working full-time, up 44,000 from the previous quarter and 259,000 higher than a year ago.

There were 8.64 million people working part-time, 103,000 more than the previous quarter and up 181,000 from the previous year.

Self-employment increased by 34,000 from the previous quarter, to 4.81 million. The number of people working as employees increased by 150,000 from the previous quarter to 27.42 million.

1.58 million people were employed on a temporary basis, up 22,000 on the previous quarter but 12,000 fewer than the year before.

Commons Briefing papers SN02796

Author: Feargal McGuinness

Topics: Economic situation, Employment

Share this page

Stay up to date

  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts Commons Briefing papers

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.