This briefing paper summarises the available statistics relating to knife crime. Knife crime is a persistent and worrying concern, especially as it impacts particularly upon young people and the disadvantaged, and various remedies have been tried over the years.Jump to full report >>
Knife crime is a persistent and worrying concern, especially as it impacts particularly upon young people and the disadvantaged, and various remedies have been tried over the years.
In 2015/ 2016, there were 28,859 (selected) offences involving a sharp instrument, in England and Wales. This was 9% higher compared to 2014/15 but 12% lower than in 2010/11.
There were 213 homicides using a sharp instrument in 2015/16, accounting for 37% of all homicides. This was an increase from 186 cases in 2014/15 (36% of all homicides).
London recorded the highest rate of 114 offences involving a knife per 100,000 population in 2015/16. This was a decrease of 41 offences from 156 per 100,000 people in 2010/11. Surrey had the lowest rate of 6 offences per 100,000 individuals.
In 2016 there were 18,322 proven offences for possession of a knife or offensive weapon
Average custodial sentence length (ACSL) for offences involving knives have increased since 1996. In 2016 the ACSL exceeded 6.5 months for the first time.
NHS data for 2015/16, shows the highest annual increase of 12% in sharp object related finished hospital admission episodes since 1998/99.
Commons Briefing papers SN04304
Authors: Grahame Allen; Lukas Audickas