Private Members' bills introduced since 1983 that have received Royal Assent.Jump to full report >>
This list notes the titles and sponsoring Member of successful Commons and Lords private Members' bills (PMBs) since the 1983 general election.
In the House of Commons, there are three ways a backbencher can introduce a bill:
Government business has precedence in Parliament and the majority of bills considered by both Houses are Government bills. With limited time available for the consideration of PMBs, generally only bills with Government and cross-party support are successful.
The time allocated for PMBs in the Commons is given in Standing Order No. 14 (9) which governs the arrangement and timing of public and private business:
Peers can also present private members bills in the House of Lords and, since 2015, there is also a ballot to determine order of introduction. If a bill completes its passage through the House of Lords, it requires a Member of the House of Commons to sponsor it in the Commons. Procedure in the House of Lords is governed by Standing Orders of the House of Lords Relating to Public Business. The Companion to the Standing Orders and Guide to the Proceedings of the House of Lords states that:
The number of private Members’ bills introduced in both Houses and given Royal Assent in each Parliament since 1997 is given in the Commons Library briefing on the Number of bill introduced and gaining Royal Assent since 1997.
The list of Ballot Bills in the Commons since 1997 notes the results of the Commons Members Bills Ballot and their subsequent progress. See the Ballot Bills FAQ webpage for the results of the 2016-17 ballot.
Pease send any comments or corrections to: Parliamentary Information Lists Editor, Parliament and Constitution Centre, House of Commons, London SW1A 0AA. Suggestions for new lists welcomed.