House of Commons Library

Business Improvement Districts (BIDs)

Published Tuesday, September 6, 2016

This standard note sets out the working of Business Improvements Districts in England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. It provides details on how BIDs may be constituted, with reference to key figures.

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Business Improvement Districts (BIDs) are partnerships between local authorities and local businesses which are intended to provide additional services or improvements to a specified area. A BID must be agreed by ballot and is funded in whole or in part by a levy on those liable for non-domestic rates. This is sometimes linked to, but usually collected separately from, their business rate liability, and non-payment of the levy is subject to similar remedial action by the billing body.

This briefing paper sets out the working of Business Improvements Districts in England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. It provides details of the legal framework for BIDs, with recent statistics and developments.

Commons Briefing papers SN04591

Author: Mark Sandford

Topics: Business support, Local government

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