This briefing provides information on the provision of physical education and sport in schools, including National Curriculum requirements, funding, the School Games, and regulations relating to school playing fields.Jump to full report >>
In a letter to the Chair of the Youth Sport Trust in October 2010, the then Education Secretary, Michael Gove, announced that the Coalition Government was lifting the requirements of the previous Government’s PE and Sport Strategy and would end ring-fenced funding for School Sport Partnerships. The letter, along with a further announcement made in December 2010, outlined the Coalition Government’s approach to school sport. This included:
This briefing paper provides more information on these policies and related and subsequent developments in the provision of PE and sport in schools.
Under the reformed National Curriculum, which local authority maintained schools have been required to teach since September 2014, PE remains a compulsory subject at all key stages. Academies and free schools do not have to follow the National Curriculum but are required to provide a broad and balanced curriculum that promotes, among other things, the physical development of pupils. National Curriculum programmes of study outline what should be taught at each key stage.
Funding for school PE and sport forms part of the Dedicated Schools Grant, which is not broken down by subject or curriculum area. In addition, since 2013-14, around £160 million of ring-fenced funding has been provided per year to primary schools through the Primary PE and Sport Premium. The Government has committed to continue providing the funding until 2020. The March 2016 Budget announced that revenue from the new soft drinks levy would be used to “double the primary school PE and sport premium from £160 million per year to £320 million per year from September 2017.”
In February 2017, the Government announced that that £415 million of funding from the soft drinks industry levy would be allocated to schools in 2018-19 to “pay for facilities to support physical education, after-school activities and healthy eating.” The funding will be allocated to local authorities and larger multi-academy trusts, who will then determine how the money is invested locally. Smaller multi-academy trusts, individual academies and sixth-form centres will be able to bid for grants for specific one-off projects.
In June 2010, the Coalition Government announced plans for a national Olympic and Paralympic-style sports competition for schools. The first competition began in September 2011 with the finals taking place in May 2012 at the Olympic Park. The finals of the 2016 School Games took place at Loughborough University on 1-4 September.
A review published in July 2016 concluded that the School Games are “well placed to make a strong contribution” to the Government’s sports strategy. The report made 17 recommendations aimed at maximising the value and impact of the Games and ensuring that they are “relevant to more children and young people and their lives today.” An update on the review was published in November 2016.
From October 2012, new regulations have applied to the provision of outdoor space by schools. These require that suitable outdoor space must be provided to enable “pupils to play outside” and “physical education to be provided to pupils in accordance with the school curriculum”.
Local authorities and schools must seek the consent of the Secretary of State when seeking to dispose of publicly funded school land, including playing fields. Guidance on the disposal of school playing fields, which was updated in February 2015, sets out the relevant legislation and procedure relating to the disposal of school land.
In December 2015, the Government published a new sport strategy, Sporting Future: A New Strategy for an Active Nation. Regarding school sport, the strategy emphasised the importance of linking together the different stages of education and “more clearly join[ing] up the overall approach”. The strategy contained a number of commitments relating to schools, including that:
The final section of the briefing provides information on a number of recent surveys and reports on the provision of PE and school sports.
More information on School Sport Partnerships, including the decision to end ring-fenced funding for them is provided in Library Briefing Paper 6052, School Sport Partnerships.